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Full text of "Richard Frotscher's almanac and garden manual for the southern states"

Historic, archived document 

Do not assume content reflects current 
scientific knowledge, policies, or practices 



I 








-AND- 



^^.-^^^^^^^^^^^>^' 



^;: ilaififtii m Mamiall c 




SOUTHERN STATES, 



P 



esigned: 



To GIVE Directions for the Cultivation of Vegetables, 
AS practiced in the south. 



Entered according to Act of Congress by Richard Feotschee, in the Office of the Librarian at 
Washington, in the year 1877. 



Warehouse: 
15 & 17 DU MAINE STREET, 

NEAR THE FRENCH MARKET, 

NEW ORLEANS, LA. 



QEO. MiiLLER, PRIKTEK, 50 BIENVILLE ST., N. a 

1888. 



INTRODUCTION 



111 presenting to my friends and patrons the 

Eleveiitli Annual Edition of my Almanac and Garden Manual, 

I have sincere pleasure in congratulating them upon the great advance 
made in that special branch of commerce, Vegetables for the Markets, 
in which we are mutually interested. 

Although I have exercised great care in the distribution of this work, 
desiring to place if only in the hands of those who practically benefit by 
its instructions, the inquiry for it has increased year by year, so that the 
supply has not equalled the demand; therefore, I shall publish of the 
present issue a still larger edition. 

The information contained in these pages is based upon the actual 
experience of many years, and its correctness and value are well attested 
by the success attained by those who have followed the instructions given. 

The many friendly and flattering encomiun^s bestowed ujx)!! my 
Al3L\nac and Garden Manual, and the steady increase in my business 
are gratifying evidences that my elforts towards the development and 
improvement of this important branch of Southern industry have been 
appreciated . 

. With assurances of my continued devotion to their interests, I tender 
to my patrons many thanks for their liberal favors in the past. 

Yours Very Truly, 

RICHARD FROTSCHER. 



EICHAKD FROTSCHER's ALMANAC AND GARDEN MANUAL 



SEEDS BY MAIL 



Seeds can be sent by mail to any part of the United States in packages not ex- 
ceeding four pounds, at sixteen cents per pound, or one cent per ounce, or fraction 
thereof. On seeds oMered in papers or by the ounce I prepay the postage, except 
on peas, beans and corn. This refers to large sized papers which are sold at one 
dollar per dozen. When ordered by the pound sixteen cents per pound postage has 
to be added to the price of the seeds ; to peas, beans and corn, thirty cents per quart. 

All packages are put up in the most careful manner, and every precaution 
taken to insure their reaching their destination in safety. Purchasers living at 
any place where my seeds are not sold, are requested to write to me to obtain their 
supplies. This will be more profitable than to buy from country stores where seeds 
left on commission, are often kept till all power of germination is destroyed. As 
seed merchants, who give their goods out on commission, rarely collect what is not 
sold, oftener than once every twelve or eighteen months, and as Lettuce, Spinach, 
Parsnip, Carrots, and many other seeds will either not sprout at all or grow imper- 
fectly if kept over a summer in the South— to buy and plant such, is but money, 
time and labor wasted. 

Here in our climate, where we plant garden vegetables as freely in autumn as in 
spring, and where often the seeds have to be put in the ground when the weather 
is very warm, it is an indispensable necessity to have perfectly fresh seeds. 

My arrangements with m^' growers are made so that I receive the new crop, 
expressly cleaned for me, as soon as it is matured. The varieties which are not 
raised in the North, I order from Europe, and have them shipped so as to reach me 
about the beginning of August, just the time they are needed for fall planting. By 
following this plan I have always a full supply of fresh seeds of undoubted germi- 
nating qualities, while dealers, who sell on commission, have only those left from 
the winter previous. 

On the receipt of one dollar I will mail thirteen large size papers of seeds, put 
up the same as seeds sold by the pound. These papers can be selected from this 
Catalogue, and include four papers of either Beans or Peas, if so wanted. Or, for 
the same amount, I will mail twenty smaller papers, including four papers of 
either Peas or Beans. This is done to enable consumers to get reliable seeds in 
good size papers in places where my seeds are not sold. The papers put up by 
Northern seedsmen are so small that of some varieties the^^ hardly contain enough 
to do an}' good. The low prices charged to merchants are made at the expense of 
consumers. My papers are large and worth the full value of the money paid for 
them. 

It cannot be too well impressed on the minds of all cultivators of vegetables, 
that seeds kept through a summer in this climate will not groic, and that all who 
use such seeds will be losers. 

All seeds that leave my establishment are thoroughly tested. 

Having received a great many complaints that letters which were addressed to 
me and contained money, were not answered. I must state that these letters never 
reached me, and, therefore, would caution my customers not to send any monej' 
in letters without registering same. By sending one dollar, or upwards, the cost, 
ten cents, can be charged to me. The cheapest and surest way is money order or 
draft, but where they cannot be had, letters have to be registered, which can be 
done at any Post Office. 



FOR THE SOUTHERN STATES. 



A Few Remarks on Raising Vegetables for Shipping, 



Within tlie past few years the raising of early vegetablos for shipping West 
has become quite an item in the neighborhood of New Orleans, We have advan- 
tages here, which are not found elsewhere, for that branch of industry. Freights 
have been reduced to all points from here, and special cars, built expressly for 
carrying green vegetables and fruit, have been put on the Kailroads. We are ear- 
lier here than at any other point, and with the rich ground we have, and the large 
supply of manure to be had for the hauling only, early vegetables can be raised 
very successfully. 

Almost every kind of vegetables are shipped from here, but Beans, Cucumbers, 
Beets, Tomatoes, Cabbage and Peas form the bulk of shipment. For Beans, the 
Dwarf Wax, Improved Valentine and "Best of All" are principally planted for ship- 
ping purposes ; the latter carry well and find ready sale. The Wax varieties do 
well in a dry season, but in a wet one they are apt to spot, w^hich makes them un- 
fit for shipping. If they have had a good season to grow, so they arrive in good or- 
der at destination, they will sell higher than any other variety. The Crease Back — 
a Pole Bean introduced here by me— is well adapted for shipping. It is very early 
and will follow the Dwarf Beans closely in maturing. Thousands of bushels of 
green pods are shipped from here to the Western markets. They are generally sten- 
ciled "Mobile Beans," which name is wrongly applied. Very few of this variety 
are planted at that place. 

In the way of Cucumbers, the Improved White Spine and New Orleans Market 
are the best varieties, as they bear abundantly, keep their color better, and are su- 
perior for shipping to any other. I have been supplying the largest growers in 
that line with seed, the stock of which cannot be surpassed in quality. Of Beets 
only the dark red Blood Turnip or the Egyptian should be planted for shipping pur- 
poses. The Egyptian is a very quick growing variety, and should not be sown 
quite so early as the Blood Turnip, which ought to be sown in September and 
October ; for the former variety, January is time enough. 

For Tomatoes, the Extra Early Dwarf comes in bearing first, but should be 
planted only for the first crop, as when large varieties come in the market, the 
former do not sell as well. I have a new variety this year, which I think will be 
preferable to the foregoing kind. (See Novelties.) Great improvements have been 
made of -late years in Tomatoes ; the varieties raised and introduced by Livings- 
ton's Sons are perfect, and hardly any improvement can be made on such varieties 
as the Paragon and Favorite. New Orleans is not a good point to ship Tomatoes 
from, as they hardly ever arrive at destination in good condition. Along the Jack- 
son K. R., where the land is more sandy, a better article is raised for shipping. 
Lettuce is shipped quite extensively ; the Improved Passion is used principally for 
that purpose. 

Potatoes and Onions are shipped in large quantities, but the former are very 
uncertain in regard to prices. Late shipped Onions generally pay better than those 
shipped too early. The market often gets overstocked with vegetables, but never 
in the spring as long as they are fit for shipping ; the planting at that time is more 
remunerative than at any other. 

There is a broad field yet to growers of vegetables for shipping. The past 
season has been a good one for shippers. Cabbage paid better than for years ; not- 
withstanding the very dry weather we had, the spring crop turned out well, and 
prices obtained were good. The Improved Early Summer, German Brunswick 
and Excelsior are used for that purpose, and sown from end of October to end of 



RICHARD FROTSCHER S ALMANAC AND GARDEN MANUAL 



NoYember. The surest plan is to sow the seed in cold frames in November, say 
from the middle to the twentieth, to have them for transplanting in January. 

Beets, Peas and Cucumbers paid well: Beans have done finely, the Valentine 
and Best of All carried in good condition. The Wax Beans did not arrive in such 
good order, only in the latter part of the season, but they brought much higher 
prices than the green podded sorts. The early potatoes did not succeed well, and 
owing to the rains we had at the time, gave a poor yield, which sold to fair prices 
only. 

The late planted potatoes were of better quality, and sold at very high prices— 
the best obtained here for years— owing to the small supply left over Xorth and 
West, and their late season. The prospects this year for potatoes are very good, 
and if the weather is favorable, that is, if no late frosts occur, and seasonable 
weather prevails during March, and April, the result will be a good one, as prices 
for Southern raised potatoes will be high. -Onions did not bring very high prices, 
on account of the very heavy yield, the largest ever had in Louisiana from the 
same acreage. Tomatoes paid. 

Gardeners and others who contemplate raising vegetables for shipping, are 
invited to give me a call. From the fact that all staple articles are raised for me 
by contract, in such sections best suited to mature the varieties we need for our cli- 
mate, and the interest I take in the seed business, coupled with a thorough knowl- 
edge of same, enables me to assist in making selections of seeds for the purpose. 
The interest of my customers and mine are identical. My stock is the best selected 
and largest in the South. 

The following is a copy of a letter from Major A. W. Eouutree, who is one of 
the largest and most successful Cabbage growers in this State. 

Orange Grove, Jeferson Pai'i^h, October ^4, iSSo. 
Mr. E. Frotscher, New Orleans, La. 

Dear Sir: — In answer to your reciuest. that I should give you my vievrs and 
experience in Cabbage culture. I can only say that, while I cheerfully give you the 
benefit of my experience— hoping it may help to give light on the subject— I think 
there are many growers bettar qualified, from longer experience, to speak on the 
subject. 

Cabbage has become one of the leading articles of ve.getable diet, and at almost 
all seasons of the year is in constant supply. In the spring and early summer car- 
loads of Cabbage are to be seen daily on all the railroads from the South going to 
all northern cities to supply the demand. And. again in the latter part of the sum- 
mer and fall seasons it is reversed, and thousands of car-loads are sent from the 
northern States to supply the South. It is a very much larger business than the 
mass of the i^eople have any idea of. giving emi>loyment to thousands of i^eople. 
and many dollars in capital". 

To make a success of cabbage growing for shipiuent at long distances, it re- 
quires high culture to bring it to perfection. My mode of culture is to plow under 
a crop of Cow Peas or some other green crop, several weeks before the time for 
setting out the plants. The ground should be replowed and well manured before 
the planting takes place. Stable manure or some other fertilizer used freely, will 
insure good, solid heads. Get good seed of some good approved variety that suc- 
ceeds well in your neighborhood. Let the ground be well drained and stir it often, 
and you will get good results ; but if the work is carelessly done, you will certainly 
fail, "and then complain of bad seed. In packing for shipment open crates are used", 
and the loose leaves should be removed, excepting about one circle to act as a sort 
of an envelope for the head. 

I have tried many varieties of Cabbage, and found several kinds to do very well : 
but all things considered, the Flat Dutch for winter crop, and the Genuine Ger- 
man Brunswick for early spring, are generally preferred by market gardeners. 
The Excelsior Flat Dutch can be sown in December, and will make a good spring- 
crop. The Early Summer is not so large, but in a favorable season makes fine 
heads. Yours trulv. 

A. W. BOUNTEEE. 



FOR THE SOUTHERN STATES. 



1st Month, 



JANUARY. 



31 Days. 



Galculnied for the Latitude of tlc\e Souttierr\ States. 



Last Quarter 6d . 

New Moon 13d. 

First Quarter 20d. 

Full Moon 28d. 



6h. 22m. Morning. 

3h. 18m. Morning. 

llh. 29m. Evening. 

5h. 58m. Evening. 



DAY 

OF 



Month and Week. 



Sun 
rises . 




Moon 

r. k s. 



CHROJVOIiOGY 

— OF— 

IMPORTANT EVENTS. 



1) New Year Sunday. 



Matth. 2. 



Day's length, 9h. 42m. 



Sunday 


7 9 


4 51 


7 35 


Moudav 


7 8 


4 52 


8 42 


Tne.sdav 


7 8 


4 52 


9 49 


Wedue.sdav 


7 8 


4 52 


10 56 


'J huisday 


7 7 


4 53 


11 59 


Fridav 


7 7 


4 53 


morn 


Saturday 


7 7 


4 53 


12 49 



Union of Ireland with Great Britain, 1801. 
Gen. Wolj' born, Westerham. Kent, 1727. 
Eliot Warburton. Hist. Novelist, died 1852. 
Introduction of Silk manuf'es into Europe, 
Vigil of Epiphany. [1536. 

Epiphany, or 12th day, old Christmas Day. 
Kobert Nicoll, poet, born, 1814. 



2) 1st Sunday after Epiphany. 



Luke 2. 



Day's length, 9h. 48m. 



Sunday 

Monday 

Tuesday 

Wednesday 

Thursday 

Friday 

Saturday 



7 6 


4 54 


1 43 


7 6 


4 54 


2 54 


7 6 


4 54 


3 59 


7 5 


4 55 


5 3 


7 4 


4 56 


5 63 


7 3 


4 57 


sets 


7 3 


4 57 


6 37 



Eattleof N.O.,1815&Inaug. Gov.Nicholls,'77 
Car. Lucr. Hersohel, Astronomer, died, 1848. 
1st Steamboat, New Orleans from Pittsburg, 
First Lottery drawn in England, 1569. [1812. 
St. Arcadius, Martyr. 

G. Fox, Founder Sect of Quakers," died, 1690. 
''Great Frost" in England, began 1205. 



3) 2nd Sunday after Epiphany. 



John 2. 



Day's length, 9h. 56m. 



Sunday 

Monday 

Tuesday 

Wednesdaj' 

Thursday 

Friday 

Saturday 



7 2 


4 58 


7 4G 


7 1 


4 59 


8 45 


7 


5 


9 44 


7 


5 


10 41 


6 59 


5 1 


11 40 


6 58 


5 2 


morn 


6 58 


5 3 


12 14 



Thomas Crofton Croker, born, 1798. 
Edmond Spencer, Poet, died, 1599. 
Mozart, Musician, born. 1756. 
Festival of St. Peter's Chair at Rome. 
James Watt, born, 1736. 
Coldest dav in the century, 1838. 
St. Agnes, Virgin Martyr, 304. 



4) 3rd Sunday after Epiphany. 



Matth. 8. 



Day's length, lOh. 06m. 



22 


Sunday 


6 57 


5 3 


1 5 


Francis Bacon, born 1561. 


23 


iMondav 


6 56 


5 4 


1 37 


Thanksgiving for victorv of 8th, 1815. 


24 


Tuesday 


6 56 


5 4 


2 32 


Frederick the Great, born, 1712. 


25 


Wednesday 


6 55 


5 5 


3 38 


St. Paul's Day. 


26 


Thursday 


6 54 


5 6 


4 47 


Louisiana seceded, 1861. 


27 


Friday 


6 53 


5 7 


5 49 


Admiral Lord Hood, died, 1816. 


28 


Saturday 


6 52 


5 8 


rises 


Henry VIII, died, 1547. 



5) Septuagesima Sunday. 



Matth. 20. 



Day's length, lOh. 18m. 



29 I Sunday 

30 I Monday 

31 I Tuesday 



6 51 


5 


9 


6 22 


6 50 


o 


10 


7 44 


6 50 


5 


10 


8 43 



Emanuel de Swedenborg, born, 1688-89. 
King Charles I, beheaded, 1649. 
Ben. Johnston, born, 1574. 



Jewish Festivals and Fasts.— 5648.— 14. Rosh-Chodesh Shebat. 



EICHAED FROTSCHER S ALMANAC AND GARDEN MANUAL 



2d Month. 



FEBRUARY 



29 Days. 



Calculated for the Latitude of ti\e Soutl\eri\ States. 



Last Quarter id. 

New Moon lid. 

First Quarter 9d. 

Full Moon 27d. 



2h. 


5m. 


Evening. 


6h. 


30m. 


Evening, 


8h. 


39m. 


Evening. 


6h. 


37m. 


Morning 



DAY 

OF 

Month and Week. 



Sun 


Sun 


Moon 


rises. 


sets. 


r. & s. 


li. m. 


h. m. 


h. m. 



CHRONOL.OGY 

— OF — 

IMPORTAXT EVENTS. 



Wednesday 
Thursday 
Friday 
Saturday 



6 49 


5 11 


9 47 


6 49 


5 11 


10 59 


6 48 


5 12 


11 59 


6 47 


5 13 


morn 



Washington elected Pres't, 1789. [mas Day 
Purification of the Blessed Yirgin, Candle- 
Henry Cromwell, born, 1627. [gomery, 1861. 
Delegates from Conf. States meet at'Mont- 



6) Sexagesima Sunday. 



Luke. 



Day's length, lOh. 28m. 



5 
6 
7 
8 
9 
10 
11 



Sunday 

Monday 

Tuesday 

Wednesday 

Thursday 

Friday 

Saturday 



6 46 


5 14 


12 40 


6 45 


5 15 


1 38 


6 44 


5 16 


2 34 


6 43 


5 17 


3 27 


6 42 


5 18 


4 21 


6 41 


5 19 


5 14 


6 40 


5 20 


sets 



Ole Bull, born, 1810. 

Charles II, King of England, died, 1865. 

Charles Dickens, born, 1812. 

Mary, Queen of Scots, beheaded, 1587. 

David Eezzio, murdered. 156-5-66! 

Eiot at Oxford, 1354. 

Mary, Queen of England, born, 1516. 



7) Quinquagesima Sunday 



Luke 18. 



Day's length, lOh. 44m. 



12 
13 

14 
15 

16 
17 

18 



Sunday 

Monday 

Tuesday 

Wednesday 

Thursday 

Friday 

Saturday 



6 38 


5 22 


6 33 


6 38 


5 22 


7 44 


6 37 


5 23 


8 47 


6 36 


5 24 


•9 39 


6 35 


5 25 


10 21 


6 34 


5 26 


11 23 


6 33 


5 27 


morn 



Abraham Lincoln, born, 1809. 

St. Gregory II, Pope, 631. 

Mardi Gras in New Orleans. 

Galilei Galileo, Astronomer, born, 1564. 

Dr. Kane, Am. Arctic Explorer, died, 1857. 

Columbia, S. C, burned, 1865. 

Pope Gregory Y, died, 999. 



8) 1st Sunday in Lent. 



19 
20 
21 
22 
23 
24 
25 



Matth. 4. 



Day's length, lOh. 56m. 



Sunday 

Monday 

Tuesday 

Wednesday 

Thursday 

Friday 

Saturday 



6 32 


5 28 


12 14 


6 31 


5 29 


12 37 


6 30 


5 30 


1 38 


6 29 


5 31 


2 37 


6 28 


5 82 


3 19 


6 27 


5 33 


4 11 


6 26 


5 34 


4 49 



Eliz. Carter, classical scholar, died, 1806. 

U. Gaghan & T. Connor, felon poets, hanged 

Pierre du Bose, born, 1623. 

George Washington, born, 1732. 

Battle of Buena Vista, 1847. 

St. Matthias, Apostle. 

Dr. Bucan, born, 1729. 



9) 2nd Sunday in Lent. 



Matth. 15. 



Day's length, llh. 10m, 



26 


Sunday 


6 25 


5 35 


5 30 


Thomas Moore, poet, died. 1852. 


27 


Monday 


6 24 


5 36 


rises 


Longfellow, born. 1807. 


28 


Tuesday 


6 23 


5 37 


7 9 


Humphrev, Duke of Gloucester, mudered. 


29 


Wednesday 


6 22 


5 38 


8 59 


Leap Day. 



Jewish Festivals and Fasts.— 5648.— 11. February, Chekolim. 12. and 13. Eosh- 
Chodesh Adar. 24. Tainis Esther. 25. Parschos Sochor. 26. Purim. 



FOR THE SOUTHERN STATES. 



Sd Month. 



MARCH. 



31 Days. 



Calculated for the Latitude of tl:\e Soutl^errx States. 



Last Quarter — 4d. 

New Moon 12d. 

First Quarter 20d. 

Full Moon 27d, 



lOh, 5m. Evening, 

llh, Im. Morning. 

3h. 23m. Evening. 

4h. 47m. Evening. 



DAY 

OF 

Montli and. Week. 



Sun 
rises. 

li. m. 


Sun 
sets. 

h. m. 


Moon 

r. & s. 

li. m. 


6 21 

6 20 
6 18 


5 39' 
5 40 
5 42 


9 52 
11 8 
morn 



CHROMOL.OGY 

— OF— 

IMPORTANT EVENTS. 



1 I Thursday 

2 I Friday 

3 Saturday 



First No. of the Spectator published, 1711. 
Territory of Dakota organized, 1861. 
Edmond Waller, Poet, born, 1605. 



lO) 3rd Sunday in Lent. 



Luke 11. 



Day's length, llh. 26m. 



Sunday 

Monday 

Tuesday 

Wednesday 

Thursday 

Friday 

Saturday 



6 17 


5 43 


12 20 


6 16 


5 44 


12 54 


6 15 


5 45 


1 19 


6 14 


5 46 


2 16 


6 13 


5 47 


3 15 


6 11 


5 49 


4 11 


6 10 


5 50 


4 56 



Abraham Lincoln inaugurated, 1861. 

Fu^st Locomotive run through Brit, tube, '30. 

Great financial excitement, 1863. 

Blanchard, Aeronaut, died, 1809. 

King William III, of England, died, 1702. 

William Cobbett born, 1762. 

The Forty Martyrs of St. Sebaste, 320. 



11) 4tli Sunday in Lent. 



John 



Day's length, llh. 42m. 



Sunday 

Monday 

Tuesday 

Wednesday 

Thursday 

Friday 

Saturday 



6 9 


5 51 


5 31 


6 8 


5 52 


rises 


6 7 


5 53 


6 59 


6 6 


5 54 


7 58 


6 5 


5 55 


8 57 


6 3 


5 57 


9 40 


6 2 


5 58 


10 35 



First daily paper, "Daily Courant." Br. 1702. 

St. Gregory the Great, Pope, 604. 

Disc'ry of planet Uranus, by Herschel, 1781. 

Andrew Jackson, born, 1767. 

Julius Caesar, assassinated, B. C, 44, 

Prince Hohenlohe's miraculous cures, 1823. 

St. Patrick, Apostle of Ireland. 



12) 5th Sunday in Lent. 



John 



Day's length, llh. 58m, 



18 
19 
20 
21 
22 
23 
24 



Sunday 

Monday 

Tuesday 

Wednesday 

Thursday 

Friday 

Saturday 



6 1 


5 59 


11 28 


6 


6 


morn 


5 59 


6 1 


12 11 


5 58 


6 2 


1 13 


5 57 


6 3 


2 11 


5 56 


6 4 


3 8 


5 55 


6 5 


3 49 



Edward, King and Martyr, 978. 

St. Joseph's day. 

Vesta discovered, 1807. 

Louisiana ceded to France, 1800. 

J. W. von Goethe, Germ. Poet, died, 1832. 

Peter the Cruel, King of Castile, died, 1369. 

Mahomet II, born, 1430. 



13) Palm Sunday 



Matth. 21. 



Day's length, 12h. 12m. 



25 


Sunday 


5 54 


6 6 


4 34 


Palm Sunday. 


26 


Monday 


5 53 


6 7 


5 12 


Gov. Winthrop, died, 1640. 


27 


Tuesday 


5 52 


6 8 


rises 


Vera Cruz captured, 1847, 


28 


Wednesday 


5 51 


6 9 


7 13 


Planet Pallas, discoverd, 1802. 


29 


Thursday 


5 50 


6 10 


8 28 


Mrs. Fitzherbert, died, 1837. 


30 


Friday 


5 49 


6 11 


9 29 


Dr. William Hunter, died, 1783. 


31 


Saturday 


5 48 


6 12 


10 31 


Beethoven, died, 1727. 



Jewish Festivals and Fasts.— 5648.— 3. March, Parschos Poroh. 10. Parschos Hacho- 
desh. 13. Kosh Chodesh Nisan. 24. Schabos Hagodol. 27. and 28. First 

days of Pessach. 



10 



RICHARD FKOTSCHER S ALMANAC AND GARDEN MANUAL 



4th Month. APRIL. 80 Days. 

Calculated for the Latitude of tl:\e Soutl:\err\ States. 

Last Quarter 3d. 7h. 21m. Morning. 

ISew Moon .... ■ • Hd. 3h. 47m, Morning. 

First Quarter - 19d. 6h. 32m. Morning. 

Full Moon 26d. Ih. 2m. Morning. 




CHRONOLOGY 

— OF— 

JMFO Ji TA y T E VEN TS. 



I4j Easter Sunday 



Mark 16. 



Day's length, 12h. 26m. 



1 


Sunday 


5 47 


6 13 


11 32 


Easter Sunday. 




o 


Monday 


5 46 


6 13 


morn 


Jefferson, born, 1743. 




3 


Tuesday 


5 45 


6 15 


12 13 


Washington Irving, born. 1783. 




4 


Wednesday 


5 43 


6 17 


1 12 


Oliver U-oldsmith. died, 1774. 






Tbnrsday 


5 42 


6 1.8 


2 10 


St. Irgernach. of Ireland, 550. 




r, 


Friday 


5 41 


6 19 


2 47 


Battle of Shiloh. 1862. 




7 


Satiirday 


5 40 


6 2') 


3 47 


St. Francis Xavier, Missionary, born, 150G. 



15) 1st Sunday after Easter. 



John 20. 



Day's length, 12h. 42m. 



Sunday 

Monday 

Tuesday 

Wednesday 

Thursday 

Friday 

Saturday 



5 39 


6 21 


4 20 


5 38 


6 22 


4 59 


5 37 


6 23 


5 20 


5 36 


6 24 


sets 


5 35 


6 25 


7 41 


5 34 


6 26 


8 39 


5 33 


6 27 


9 36 



Louisiana admitted to the Union, 1812. 

Gen. E. E. Lee surrendered, 1865. 

St. Bademus, Abbot, Martyr, 376. 

Geo. Canning, born. 1770. [Sumter. 

First gun of Civil War fired, 1861, at Fort 

Sydney Lady Morgan, died, 1859. 

Lincoln assassinated, 1865. 



16) 2nd Sunday after Easter. 



John 10. 



Day's length, 12h, 59m. 



15 
16 

17 
18 
19 
20 
21 



Sunday 

Monday 

Tuesday 

Wednesday 

Thursday 

Friday 

Saturday 



5 32 


6 28 


5 31 


6 29 


5 30 


6 30 


5 29 


6 31 


5 28 


6 32 


5 27 


6 33 i 


5 26 

1 


6 34 ! 



10 34 Geo. Calvert, Lord Baltimore, died, 1632. 

11 16 Battle of Culloden, 1746. 

liiorn Dr. Benjamin Franklin, died, 1790. 

12 16 Shakespeare born, 1564. 

1 8 Battle of Lexington, 1775. 

2 3 i E. Barton, ''Maid of Kent," executed. 1534. 
2 43 Confederate victory at Plymouth, N. C, 1863. 



ITj 3rd Sunday after Easter. 



John 16. 



Day's length, 13h. 10m. 



22 


Sunday 


5 25 


6 35 


3 16 : 


Madam DeStael, born 1766. 


23 


Monday 


5 2i 


6 36 


3 49 


Shakespeare, died, 1616. 


24 


Tuesday 


5 23 


6 37 


4 28 


Oliver Cromwell, born, 1599. 


25 


Wednesday 


5 22 


6 38 


4 52 


St. Mark's Day. 


^6 


Thursday 


5 21 


6 3;) 


rises 


David Hume, born, 1711. 


27 


Friday 


5 2'J 


6 40 


8 20 , 


Sir Wm. Jones, Poet and Scholar, died, 1794. 


28 


Saturday 


5 19 


6 41 


9 25 I 


Monroe, born, 1758. 



18) 4th Sunday after Easter. 



John 10. 



Day's length, 13h. 24m. 



Sunday 

Monday 



5 18 
5 17 



6 42 . 10 27 
6 43 11 29 



Kin^r Edward lY, of England, born, 1441. 
Louisiana purchased from France by U. S. 



Jewish Festivals and Fasts. — 5648.-2. and 3. April, Last daj^s of Pessach. 11. and 
12., Eosh Chodesh lyar. 29., Lag Beomer. 



FOR THE S0T:THERN STATES. 



5tli Monlli 



MAY 



31 Days. 



Calculated for the Latitude of tr\e Soutl\eri:\ States. 



Last Quarter 2d. 

New Moon lOd. 

First Quarter . 18d. 

Full Moon 25d. 



6h. 27m. Eveninj^-. 

8h. 3m. Evening. 

5h. 45m. Evening. 

8h. 20m. Morning. 



DAY 

OF 

Month and Week. 


Sun 
rises. 

li m 


Snn 

i-etH 

h. m 


Moon 

r. & s. 

h. m. 


CHRONOLOGY 

—OF — 
imFdRTANT EVENTS. 


1 

2 
3 
4 
5 


Tuesday " 

Wednesday 

Thursday 

Friday 

Saturday 


5 16 
5 15 
-, 14 
5 14 
5 1.3 


6 44 ' 
6 45 
6 46 
6 46 
6 47 


morn 
U 8 
12 56 

1 34 

2 10 


St. Philip and St. James, Apostles. 
William Camden, born, 1551.. 
Discovery of the Holy Cross, by St. Helena. 
Dr. Isaae Barrow, Eiig. divine, died, 1677. 
Emperor Justinian, born, 482. 



19) 5th Sunday after Easter. 



John 16. 



Day's length, 13h. 36m. 



6 
7 
8 
9 

10 
11 
12 



Sunday 

iVionday 

Tuesday 

Wednesday 

Thursday 

Friday 

Saturday 



5 12 


6 48 


2 41 


5 11 


6 49 


3 11 


5 10 


6 50 


3 38 


5 10 


6 50 


4 20 


5 9 


6 51 


sets 


5 8 


6 52 


7 33 


5 7 


6 53 


8 26 



Humboldt, 'lied, 1859. 

St. Benedict II, Pope, Confessor, 686. 

Stonewall Jackson, died 1863. 

Battle of Spottsylvania, 1864. 

Ascension Day. 

Madame Ricaixiire, died, 1849. 

St. Pan eras, Martvr, 304. 



20) 6th Sunday after Easter, 



John 15. 



Day's length, 13h. 48ra. 



13 
14 
15 
16 
17 
18 
19 



Sunday 

Mouday 

Tuesday 

Wednesday 

Thursday 

Friday 

Saturday 



5 6 


6 54 


9 23 


5 5 


6 55 


10 16 


5 5 


6 55 


11 4 


5 4 


6 56 


morn 


5 3 


6 57 


12 33 


5 2 


6 58 


1 8 


5 2 


6 58 


1 38 



Jamestown, Ya., settled, 1607. 

Battle of Crown Point, 1575. 

St. Isidore, died, 1170. 

Sir William Petty, born, 1623. 

J. Jay, died, 1829. 

Napoleon I, elected Emperor, 1804. 

St. Dunstan, Archbishop of Canterbury, 988. 



21) Whitsunday. 



John 14. 



Day's length, 13h. 58m. 



2i) 
21 
22 
23 
24 
25 
26 



Sunday 

Monday 

Tuesday 

Wednesday 

Thursday ' 

Friday 

Saturday 



Hawthorn, died, 1864. 

Columbus, died, 1506. 

Title of Baronet first conferred, 1611. 

Nai)oleon I, crowned King of Italy, 1805. 

Bishop Jewell, born, 1522. 

Battle of Winchester, 1864. 

Fort Erie captured, 1813. 



5 1 


6 59 


2 2 


5 1 


6 59 


2 48 


5 


7 


3 10 


4 59 


7 1 


3 45 


4 58 


7 2 


4 27 


4 58 


7 2 


rises 


4 57 


7 3 


8 29 



22 


Trinity Su 


nday. 






John 3. Day's length, 14h. 06m. 


27 


Sunday 


ir.7 


7 3 


9 34 


Dante, poet, born, 1265. 


28 


Monday 


4 -56 


7 4 


10 29 


Noah Webster, died, 1843. 


29 


Tuesday 


4 56 


7 4 


11 7 


Paris burned, 1871. 


30 


Wednesday 


4 55 


7 5 


11 47 


Peter the Great of Kussia, born, 1672. 


31 


Thursday 


4 55 


7 5 


morn 


Corpus Christi. 



Jewish Festivals and Fasts. 



-5648.— 11. May. Rosh Chodesh Sivan. 
Schebuoth. 



16. and 17. 



12 



RICHAKD FKOTSCHER'S ALMANAC AND GARDEN MANUAL 



6th Month. 



JUNE. 



30 Days. 



Calculated for the Latitude of tl:\e Sout]:\6rr\ States. 



Last Quarter Id. 7h. 23m. Morning. 

I^ew Moon 9d. llh. 14m. Morning. 

First Quarter ^ • 17d. Ih. 29m. Morning. 

Full Moon * 23d. 3h. 47m. Evening. 

Last Quarter 30d. lOh. 32m. Evening. 



DAY 

OF 

Month and Week 


Sun 

rises. 

h. m. 


Sun 

sets. 

h. m. 


Moon 

r. & s. 

h. m. 


CHROXOL.OGY 

— OF— 

IMPORTANT ErENTS. 


1 

2 


Friday 
Saturday 


4 54 
4 53 


7 6 . 

7 7 


12 12 

12 48 


Battle of Seven Pines, 1862. 
Battle of Cold Harbor, 1864. 



23) 1st Sunday after Trinity. Luke 16. 



Day's length, 14h. 14m. 



Sunday 

Monday 

Tuesday 

Wednesday 

Thursday 

Friday 

Saturday 



4 53 


7 7 


1 30 


4 52 


7 8 


2 9 


4 52 


7 8 


2 46 


4 51 


7 9 


3 10 


4 51 


7 9 


3 39 


4 51 


7 9 


4 14 


4 51 


7 9 


sets 



S. A. Douglas died, 1861. 

Lord E. Dudley marr'd A. Kobsart. 1550. 

J. Pradier, Sculptor, died, 1852. 

Surrender of Memphis, Tenn., 1862. 

First American Congress at New York, 1765. 

Emperor Nero, died, 68, Kome. 

Charles Dickens, died, 1870. 



24) 2d Sunday after Trinity 



Luke 14. 



Day's length, 14h. 20m. 



ISunday 

Monday 

Tuesday 

Wednesday 

Thursday 

Friday 

Saturday . 



4 50 


7 10 


8 12 


4 50 


7 10 


9 10 


4 50 


7 10 


9 52 


4 50 


7 10 


10 33 


4 50 


7 10 


11 10 


4 50 


7 10 


11 42 


4 50 


7 10 


morn 



Battle of Big Bethel, 1861. 

Sir John Franklin, died, 1847. 

Harriet Martineau, Novelist, born, 

General Scott, born, 1786. 

St. Basil the Great, 379. 

Magna Charter, 1215. 

Edward I, of England, born, 1239. 



1802. 



25) 3d Sunday after Trinity. 



Luke 15. 



Day's length, 14h. 22m. 



17 

18 
19 
20 
21 
22 
23 



Sunday 

Monday 

Tuesday 

Wednesday 

Thursday 

Friday 

Saturday 



4 49 


7 11 


12 52 


4 49 


7 11 


1 14 


4 49 


7 11 


1 46 


4 48 


7 12 


2 20 


4 49 


7 11 


3 4 


4 49 


7 11 


3 52 


4 49 


7 11 


rises 



Battle of Bunker Hill, 1775. 
War declared against Great Britain. 
Kearsage sank the Alabama, 1864. 
St. Silverius, Pope and Martyr, 538. 
Anthony Collins, born, 1676. 
Napoleon I, abdicated, 1815. 
Battle of Solferino, 1859. 



1812. 



26) 4th Sunday after Trinity. 



Luke 14. 



Day's length, 14h. 22m. 



24 
25 
26 
27 
28 
29 
30 



Sunday 

Monday 

Tuesday 

Wednesday 

Thursday 

Friday 

Saturday 



4 49 


7 11 


8 18 


4 50 


7 10 


9 10 


4 50 


7 10 


10 


4 50 


7 10 


10 33 


4 50 


7 10 


11 6 


4 50 


7 10 


11 35 


4 50 


7 10 


morn 



Nativity of St. John the Baptist. 
Battle of Bannochburn. 
Dr. Philip Doddridge, born, 1702. 
John Murray, Publisher, died, 1843. 
Queen Victoria, crowned, 1838. 
St. Peter the Apostle, 68. 
Bishop Gavin Dunbar, died, 1547. 



Jewish Festivals and Fasts.— 5648.— 9. and 10. June, Roah Chodesh Tamus. 



FOR THE SOUTHERN STATES. 



13 



7th Month. 



JULY. 



31 Days. 



Calculated for the Latitude of tl\e Soutl\err\ States. 



New Moon 9d. 12h. 

First Quarter 16d. 6h. 

Full Moon 25d. 12h. 

Last Quarter 30d. 3h. 



56m, Morning. 

52m. Morning. 

25m. Morning. 

9m. Evening. 



DAY 

OF 

Month and Week. 



Sun 
rises. 


Sun 

sets. 


Moon 
r. &s. 


h. m. 


h. m. 


h. m. 



CHR01V0L.0GY 

— OF— 

IMPORTANT EVENTS. 



27) 5th Sunday after Trinity. 



Luke 15. 



Day's length, 14h, 20m. 



Sunday 


4 50 


7 10 


12 20 


Monday 


4 51 


7 9 


12 53 


Tuesday 


4 51 


7 9 


1 20 


Wednesday 


4 51 


7 9 


1 59 


Thursday 


4 51 


7 9 


2 30 


Friday 


4 52 


7 8 


2 59 


Saturday 


4 52 


7 8 


3 24 



Battle of Malvern Hill, 1862. 

Visitation of the Blessed Virgin Mary. 

Quebec founded, 1608. 

Independence of the United States, 1776. 

Queen Magdalen of Scotland, died, 1537. 

Th. More, Chancel, of Eng. beheaded, 1535. 

Dr. Th. Blacklock, "blind poet," died, 1791. 



28) 6th Sunday after Trinity. 



Matth. 5. 



Day's length, 14h. 16m. 



9 

10 
11 
12 
13 
14 



Sunday 

Monday 

Tuesday 

Wednesday 

Thursday 

Friday 

Saturday 



4 52 


7 8 


3 52 


4 53 


7 7 


sets 


4 53 


7 7 


8 30 


4 54 


7 6 


9 12 


4 54 


7 6 


9 46 


4 55 


7 5 


10 22 


4 56 


7 4 


11 



John de la Fontaine, born, 1621. 

Zachary Taylor, died, 1850. 

John Calvin, theologian, born, 1509, 

J. Q. Adams, born, 1767. 

Kobt. Stevenson, engineer, etc., died, 1850. 

Pope, John III, died, 573. 

John Hunter, eminent surgeon, born, 1728. 



29) 7th Sunday after Trmity. 



Mark 8. 



Day's length, 14h. 06m, 



15 
16 
17 
18 
19 
20 
21 



Sunday 


4 57 


7 3 


11 29 


Monday 


4 57 


7 3 


morn 


Tuesday 


4 58 


7 2 


12 45 


Wednesday 


4 59 


7 1 


1 16 


Thursday 


4 59 


7 1 


1 36 


Friday 


5 


7 


2 25 


Saturday 


5 1 


6 59 


3 32 



Dog days begin. 

Great riot in New York city, 1863. 

Dr. Isaac Watts, born, 1647. 

St. Symphorosia and 7 sons. Martyrs, 120. 

St. Vincent de Paul, confessor, 1660. 

Confed. Congress at Richmond, 1861. 

Battle of Bull Run, 1861. 



30) 8th Sunday after Trinity. 



Matth. 7. 



Day's length, 13h. 58m. 



Sunday 

Monday 

Tuesday 

Wednesday 

Thursday 

Friday 

Saturday 



5 1 


6 59 


4 20 


5 2 


6 58 


rises 


5 2 


6 58 


8 27 


5 3 


6 57 


9 


5 4 


6 56 


9 36 


5 4 


6 56 


10 3 


5 5 


6 55 


10 47 



Urania discovered, 1824. 
First Olympiad, 776, B. C. 
Curran, born, 1750. 
St. James the Great. 
Flood at Pittsburg, 1874. 
Atlantic cable laid, 1866. 
Battle before Atlanta, Ga. 



1864. 



31) 9th Sunday after Trinity. 



Luke 16. 



Day's length, 13h. 50m. 



Sunday 

Monday 

Tuesday 



5 


5 


6 55 


11 8 


5 


6 


6 54 


11 48 





7 


6 53 


morn 



Albert I, Emp. of Germany, born, 1289. 
Westfield Explosion, N. Y. Harbor, 1871. 
St. Ignatius Loyola, died, 1556. 



Jewish Festivals and Fasts.— 5648.— 9. July. Rosh Chodesh Ab. 17., Tischo Beab. 

21. Schabos Nachmu. 



u 



RICHARD FROTSCHEK'S ALMANAC AND GAEDEX MANUAL 



8th Mouth. 



AUGUST 



31 Days. 



Calculated for the JLatitude of il:\e Soutl:\eri\ States. 



New Moou 7d. 

First Quarter - - 14:cl. 

Full Moon -: -ild. 

Last Quarter - 29d. 



Ih. 


uOm. 


Evening. 


nil. 


21111. 


Morning. 


llh. 


00m. 


Morning. 


8h. 


57m. 


Morning. 



DAY 

OF 

Month and Week. 


Sun 
rises. 

h. m. 


Sun 
sets. 

li. m. 


Moon 
r. &:s. 

h. m. 


CHROXOLOGY 

— OF — 

TMf-OR TA A T i: t £.V TS. 


1 

2 
3 

4 


Wednesday 
Thursday 
Friday 
Saturday 


5 7 
5 8 
5 9 
5 10 


6 53 
6 52 
6 51 1 

6 50 


12 30 } Harriet Lee, Xovelist, died. 1851. 
1 8 i Mehemed Ali. Pasha of Egvpt. died. 1849. 

1 29 1 Crown Point taken, 1759. 

2 13 i John Banim, Irish Novelist, died," 1842. 



32 1 luth Sunday after Trinitv. 



Luke 19. 



Day's length, 13h. 38m. 



Sonday 

I Monday 

I Tuesday 

I Weduesdnv 

1 Thur.sd^. ' 

I Friday 

i Saturday 



5 11 


6 49 


3 6 1 


5 12 


6 48 


3 46 


5 13 


(D 47 


sets. 


5 14 


6 46 


7 54 i 


5 15 


6 45 


8 22 


5 16 


6 44 


9 


5 17 


6 43 


9 30 



First Atlantic Cable landed, 1858. 
Transfiguration of our Lord. 
Leonidas, Spartan Hero, slain 480, B. C. 
Fr. Hutcheson, Moral Phil., born, 1694. 
Isaac Walton, born. 1593. 
Battle of Weisenburg, 1870. 
Yiscount Rowland Hill, born. 1772. 



33) nth Sunday after Trinity. 



Luke 18. 



Day's length, 13h. 24m. 



Siiuday 

Monday 

Tuesday 

Wednesday 

Thursday 

Friday 



18 Saturday 



5 18 


6 42 


10 2 


5 19 


6 41 


10 39 


5 19 


6 41 


11 16 


5 20 


6 40 


morn 


5 21 


6 39 


12 59 


5 22 


6 38 


1 59 


5 23 


6 37 


2 41 



Pope Gregory IX, died, 1241. 

Earthquake in Scotland, 1816. 

G. Coleman, the elder. Dramatist, died, 1794 

Ascension of the Blessed Tirgin Mary. 

Battle of Bennington. 1777. 

Frederick the Great, died, 1786. 

John Earl Eusseli, born, 1792. 



34) 12th Sunday after Trinity. 



Mark 7. 



Day's length, 13h. 12m. 



Sunday 

Monday 

'I'uesday 

Wr-duesday 

Thursday 

Friday 

Saturday 



5 24 


6 36 


3 38 


5 25 


6 35 


4 34 


5 26 


6 34 


rises 


5 27 


6 33 


7 29 


5 28 


6 32 


8 2 


5 29 


6 31 


8 33 


5 30 


6 30 


9 1 



Battle of Gravelotte. 1870. 
Robert Herrick, English Poet, born, 1591. 
Lady Mary Wortley Montague, died, 1762. 
Dr. F. J. Gall, founder of phrenology, died. 
Wallace, beheaded, 1305. " [1828. 

St. Bartholomew, Apostle. [55 B. C. 

25th or 27th, Landing of Ctesar in England, 



35 ) 13th Sunday after Trinity 



Luke 10. 



Day's length, 12h. 58m. 



26 


Sunday 


5 31 


6 29 


9 30 


Dog days end. 


2V 


Monday 


5 32 


6 28 


10 


Battle of LouQ" Island. 1776. 


■2H 


Tuesday 


5 33 


6 27 


lU 30 


Leii:jh Hunt. died. 1859. 


29 


W eduesday 


5 34 


6 26 


11 U 


J<.>hn Locke. Philosopher, born, lii32. 


30 


Tliursday 


5 35 


6 25 


11 43 


Fnion defeat, at Richmond. Ky. 


31 


Friday 


5 36 


6 24 


m 


John Bunyao, died, 1683. 



Jewish Festivals and Fasts. 5648.-7. and 8. August, Eosh Chodesh Elul, 



FOR THE SOUTHERN STATES. 



15 



9th Month, 



SEPTEMBER. 



30 Days. 



Calculated for the Latitude of tlr\e Soutl:\err\ States. 



New Moon 5d. 

First Quarter 12d. 

Full Moon 40d. 

Last Quarter 28d. 



llh. 36m. Evening. 

4h. 39m. Evening. 

12li. 4m. Morning. 

3h. 10m. Morning. 



DAY Sun 

OF rises. 

Month and Week. ^ ^^ 


Sun 

seta. 

h. ni. 


Moon 
r. & s. 

li. m. 




CHROXOL.OGY 

— OF— 

IM P ORTANT E VENTS. 


1 \ Saturday 1 5 37 1 6 23 | 12 59 


Napoleon 


Ill, captured at Sedan, 1870. 


36) 14th Sunday after Trinity. 


Luke 17. 


Day's length, 12h. 41m. 



Sunday 

Monday 

Tuesday 

Wednesday 

Thursday 

Friday 

Saturday 



5 38 


6 22 


1 58 


5 39 


6 21 


2 57 


5 40 


6 20 


3 56 


5 42 


6 18 


sets 


5 43 


6 17 


7 


5 44 


6 16 


7 30 


5 46 


6 14 


8 4 



Great fire in London, 1666. 
Cromwell died, 1658. 
Pindar, Lyric i)oet, 518, B. C. 
Confederates entered Maryland, 1862. 
Geo. Alex. Stevens, writer', died, 1784. 
Independence of Brazil, 1822. 
Nativity of the Blessed Virgin. 



3^) 15th Sunday after Trinity. Matth. 6. 



Day's length, 12h. 26m. 



Sunday 

Monday 

Tuesdriy 

Wednesday 

Thursday 

Friday 

Saturday 



5 47 


6 13 


8 36 


5 48 


6 12 


9 13 


5 49 


6 11 


10 1 


5 50 


6 10 


10 39 


5 51 


6 9 


11 35 


5 52 


6 8 


morn 


5 53 


6 7 


12 36 



James IV, of Scotland, killed, 1513. 

Mungo Park, African Traveler, born, 1771. 

James Thom])son, poet, born, 1700. 

St. Guy, Confessor, 11th century. 

Sir Wm. C/ccil, Lord Burleigh, born, 1520. 

Uprising' oi' the People of New Orlciiiis ag'aiust the usurping government. 

Capture Harper's Ferry by St'll Jackson, '62. 



38) 16th Sunday after Trinity. 



Luke 7. 



Day's length, 12h. 12m. 



16 
17 
18 
19 
20 
21 
22 



Sunday 

Monday 

Tuesday 

Wednesday 

Thursday 

Friday 

Saturday 



5 


54 


5 


55 


5 56 


5 


57 


5 


58 


5 


59 


6 






1 


10 


2 


12 


3 


18 


4 


24 


ises 


7 


18 


7 


45 



Gabriel Daniel Fahrenheit, died, 1736. 

Battle of Antietam, 1862. 

Gilbert Bishop Burnet, historian, born, 1643. 

First battle of Paris, 1870. 

Alexander the Great, born, 356, B. C. 

St. Matthew, Apostle and Evangelist. 

Beginning of Autumn. 



39) 17th Sunday after Trinity. Lake 14. 



Day's length, llh. 58m. 



23 
24 
25 
26 

27 
28 
29 



Sunday 

Monday 

Tuesday' 

Wednesday 

Thursday 

Friday 

Saturday 



6 1 


5 59 


8 13 


6 2 


5 58 


8 45 


6 3 


5 57 


9 17 


6 4 


5 56 


9 57 


6 5 


5 55 


10 43 


6 6 


5 54 


11 29 


6 7 


5 53 


morn 



Wm. UiK'ott, Manusc. CoUec, died, 1845. 

Pepin, King of France, 768. 

Paciiic Ocean discovered, 1513. 

Saints Cyprian and Justina, Martyrs, 304. 

Strassburg fell, 1870. 

Sir Wm. Jones, Oriental Scholar, born, 1746 

Michaelmas Dav. 



40) 18th Sunday after Trinity. Matth. 22. 



Day's length, llh. 44m. 



30 \ Sunday | 6 8 i 5 52 I 12 46 ; Yorktown invested, 1781. 

Jewish Festivals and Fasts.— 5648.— 5. and 6. Sept., Rosh Hashonah 5649. 8., Shabos 

Shuvoh. 9.. Zom Gedalyah. 15., Yom Kippur. 20. &21., First days of Suckos 

26., Hoschaino Raboh. 27., Scheminie xizereth. 28., Simchas Thoro. 



16 



RICHARD FROTSCHER'S ALMANAC AND GARDEN MANUAL 



10th Month. 



OCTOBER 



31 Days. 



Calculated for the JLatitude of tt\,e Soutl:\err\ States. 



New Moou 5d. 9h. 14m. Morning. 

First Quarter ^ 12d. 12h. 9m. Morning. 

Full Moon 19d. 3h. 49m. Evening. 

Last Quarter 27d. 8h. 35m. Evening. 



DAY 


Sun 


Sun 


Moon 


CHRONOLOGY 


OF 


rises. 


sets. 


r. & s. 


— OF — 


Month and Week. 


h. m. 


li. ni. 


li. m. 


I31P()RTAXT EVENTS. 


1 


Monday 


6 9 


5 51 


1 48 


Fulton's first Steamboat trip, 1807. 


2 


Tuesday 


6 10 


5 50 ' 


2 51 


Andre executed as a spv, 1780. 


3 


Wednesday 


6 1] 


5 49 


3 52 


Black Hawk, died, 1838. 


4 


Thursday 


6 12 


5 48 


4 58 


Battle of Germantown, 1777. 


5 


Fridav 


6 14 


5 46 i 


sets. 


Horace Walpole, born, 1717. 


6 


Saturday 


6 15 


5 45 


6 54 


Jennj^ Lind, born, 1820. 



41) 19tli Sunday after Trinity. Matth. 9. 



Day's length, llh. 28m. 



9 

10 
11 
12 
18 



Sunday 

Mondaj^ 

Tuesday 

Wednesday 

Thursday 

Friday 

Saturday 



6 16 


5 44 


7 32 


6 17 


5 43 


8 11 


6 18 


5 42 


8 59 


6 19 


5 41 


9 40 


6 20 


5 40 


10 38 


6 21 


5 39 


11 52 


6 23 


5 37 


morn 



Margaret, Maid of Norway, died, 1290. 
Battle of Perry ville, Ky., i862. 
Great fire in Chicago, 1871. 
Benjamin West, Painter, born, 1738. 
America discoved, 1492. 
St. Wilfrid, Bishop of York, 709. 
Battle of Queenstown, 1812. 



42) 20th Sunday after Trinity. Matth. 22. 



Dav's length, llh. 12m. 



Sunday 

Mondaj^ 

Tuesday 

Wednesday 

Thursday 

Friday 

Saturday 



6 24 


5 36 


12 34 


6 25 


5 35 


1 36 


6 26 


5 34 


2 37 


6 27 


5 33 


3 47 


6 28 


5 32 


4 45 


6 29 


5 31 


rises 


6 30 


5 30 


6 14 



Battle of Jena, 1806. 

Yirgil, Latin Poet, born, 70 B. C. 

Marie Antoinette beheaded, 1793. 

Burgoyne surrendered, 1777. 

Last State Lottery drawn in England, 1826. 

Cornwallis surrendered, 1781. 

M. Dahl, Swed. Portrait Painter, died, 1743. 



43) 21st Sunday after Trinity. 



John 4. 



Day's length, lOh. 58m. 



21 
22 
23 
24 
25 
26 
27 



Sunday 

Monday 

Tuesday 

Wednesday 

Thursday' 

Friday 

Saturday 



6 31 


5 29 


6 47 


6 32 


5 28 


7 17 


6 33 


5 27 


7 49 


6 34 


5 26 


8 44 


6 35 


5 25 


9 23 


6 36 


5 24 


10 14 


6 37 


5 23 


10 59 



Battle of Trafalgar, 1805. 

Charles Martel, died, 741. 

Dr. John Jortin, Critic, born, 1698. 

Daniel Webster, died, 1852. 

Dr. James Beattie, Poet, born, 1735. 

Hogarth, died, 1765. 

Cuba discovered, 1492. 



44) 22d Sunday after Trinitv 



Matth. 18. 



Day's length, lOh. 44m. 



28 
29 
30 
31 



SuBiday 

Monday 
Tuesday 
Wednesday 



6 38 


5 22 


morn 


6 39 


5 21 


12 20 


6 40 


5 20 


1 26 


6 41 


5 19 


2 32 



Battle at White Plains, 1776. 
Surrender of Metz, 1870. 
Solomon's Temple dedicated, 1004 B, 
All Hallow Eve. 



Jewish Festivals and Fasts.— 5649.— 5. and 6. October, Kosh Chodesh Marcheswan. 



FOR THE SOUTHERN STATES, 



17 



nth Month. 



NOVEMBER. 



30 Days. 



Calculated for the JLatitude of tl:\e SoutI:\err\ States. 



New Moou 3d. Gh. 42m. Evening. 

First Quarter l»^'cl. lOh. 45m. Morning. 

Full Moon IHcl. 9h. 45m. Morning. 

Last Quarter 26d. 12h. 00m. Evening. 



DAY 

ov 
Montli and Week. 



Thuisday 

Fri.lay 

batuiday 



Sun 
rises. 

h. m. 


Sun 

sets. 

h. m. 


Moon 

r. & s. 

li. m. 


6 42 
() 43 
6 44 


5 18 
5 17 
5 16 


3 57 
5 2 
sets. 



CHROiVOLiOGY 

— OF — 
TMFORTAMT KVENTS. 



All Saints Day. 

All iSouls Day. 

Malacliy, Archbishop of Armagh, 1148. 



45) 23rd Sunday after Trinity. Matth. 22. 



Day's length, lOh. 30m. 



Sunday 

Moiiday 

Tuesdajf 

Wednesday 

Thursda) 

Friday 

Saturday 



6 45 


5 15 


6 9 


6 45 


5 15 


6 50 


6 46 


5 14 


7 38 


6 47 


5 13 


8 37 


6 48 


5 12 


9 36 


6 49 


5 11 


10 45 


6 50 


5 10 


11 38 



George Peabody, died, 1869. 

The American 74 launched, 1782. 

Battle of Port Eoyal, 1861. 

John Kyrle, "TJie Man of Ross," died 1724. 

Cortez entered Mexico, 1519. 

Great fire in Boston, 1872. 

Mahomet, Arabian Proi)het, born, 570. 



46) 24th Sunday after Trinity. Matth. 9. 



Day's length, lOh. 18m. 



Sunday 

Monday 

Tue.sday 

Wednesday 

Thursday 

Friday 

Saturday 



6 51 


5 9 


morn 


6 52 


5 8 


12 20 


6 53 


5 7 


1 26 


6 54 


5 6 


2 30 


6 54 


5 6 


3 34 


6 55 


5 5 


4 40 


6 56 


5 4 


5 42 



Martinmas. 

Sherman left Atlanta, 1864. 

French entered Vienna, 1805. 

Sir Chas. Lyell, Geologist, born, 1797. 

John Kepple]-, great Astronomer, died, 1630. 

Tiberius, Eoman Emperor, born, 42 B. C. 

Suez Canal opened 1869. 



47) 25th Sunday after Trinity. Matth. 24. 



Day's length, lOh. 6m. 



18 
19 
20 
21 
22 
23 
24 



Sunday 


6 57 


5 3 


rises 


Monday 


6 57 


5 3 


5 52 


Tuesday 


6 58 


5 2 


6 33 


Wednesday 


6 59 


5 1 


7 20 


Thursday 


7 


5 


8 10 


Friday 


7 1 


4 59 


9 3 


Saturday 


7 1 


4 59 


9 58 



Fort Lee taken by the British, 1776. 
St. Elizabeth of Hungary, Widow, 1231. 
Thomas Chatterton, Poet, born, 1752. 
Presentation of the Blessed Virgin. 
Professor Dugald Steward, born, 1753. 
Th. Henderson, Prof, of Astron., died, 
Battle of Lookout Mountain, 1863. 



1844. 



48) 26th Sunday after Trinity. Matth. 25. 



Day's length, 9h. o6m. 




Sunday 

Monday 

Tuesday 

Wednesday' 

Thursday 

Friday 



7 2 


4 58 


10 41 \ 


7 2 


4 58 


11 59 \ 


7 3 


4 57 


morn i 


7 3 


4 57 


1 38 i 


7 3 


4 57 


2 46 1 


7 4 


4 56 


3 45 i 



Evacuation of New York, 1783. 

John Elwes, noted Miser, died, 1789. 

Steam Printing, 1814. 

Washington Irving, died, 1859. 

Sir Philip Sydney, Poet, born, 1854. 

U. S. took possession of Louisiana, 1803. 



Jewish Festivals and Fasts. 



-5649.-4. and 5, November, Rosh Chodesh Kislev. 
29. Chanukah. 



18 



RICHARD FROT^CHEK'S aLMAXaC AND GARDEN MANUAL 



12th Month. 



DECEMBER 



31 Days, 



Calculated for the Latitude of tl:\e Soutl:\err\ States. 



New Moon 3d. 

First Quarter lOd. 

Full Moon 8d. 

Last Quarter 26d. 



4h. 


45 m. 


Morning 


ih. 


25 m. 


Morning 


5h. 


2Jm. 


Morning 


I2h. 


39m. 


Morning 



DAT 

OF 

Month and Week. 


Sun 
rises. 

h. m. 


Sun 
sets. 

h. ha.. 


Moon 

r. &s. 

h. m. 


CHRONOLOGY 

— OF— 
J^IfOTt TA A T E VENTS. 


1 i Saturday 


7 5 : 4 55 1 


4 59 i Princess A. Comnena, Historian, born, 1083. 


49) 1st Sunday in Advent. 


Matth. 21. Day's length, 9h. 48m. 



Sunday 

MoiidaV 

Tuesday 

Wednesday 

Thursday 

Friday 

Saturiiay 



7 6 


4 54 


5 59 


7 6 


4 54 


sets 


7 7 


4 53 


6 10 


7 7 


4 53 


7 18 


7 7 


4 53 


8 20 


7 8 


4 52 


9 28 


7. 8 


4 52 


10 35 



Hernan Cortez, died 1547. 

Robert Bloomfield, Poet, born, 1776. 

Pope John XXII, died 1334. 

Carl vie, born, 1795. 

St. Nicholas, Archbishop of Myra, 342. 

Cicero, Roman orator, assassinated, 43 B. C. 

Immaculate Conception of Blessed Virgin. 



50) 2nd Sunday in Advent. 



Luke 21. 



Day's length, 9h. 44m. 



Stinda}^ 

Monday 

Tuesday 

Wednesday 

Thursday 

Friday 

Saturday 



7 8 


4 52 


11 48 


7 9 


4 51 


morn 


7 9 


4 51 


12 47 


7 9 


4 51 


1 55 


7 9 


4 51 


2 45 


7 10 


4 50 


3 21 


7 10 


4 50 


4 11 



Milton, born, 1608. 

Louis Napoleon, elected President, 

Louis, Prince of Conde. died 1686. 

St. Columba, Abbot in Ireland, 584. 

Battle of Fredericksburg, 1862. 

Washington, died, 1799, 

David Don, Botanist, died. 1841. 



1848. 



•51) 3rd Sunday in Advent-. 



Matth. 11. 



Daji's length, 9h. 40rn. 



IG 
17 
18 
19 
20 
21 
22 



l§iinday 

Monday 

Tuesday 

Wednesday 

Thursday 

Friday 

Saturday 



7 10 


4 50 


4 59 


7 10 


4 50 


5 58 


7 11 


4 49 


rises 


7 11 


4 49 


5 59 


7 11 


4 49 


6 47 ' 


7 12 


4 48 


7 52 


7 11 


4 49 


8 51 



Great Fire in New York, 1835. 
Ludw. Beethoven, emin. comp., born, 1770. 
St, Winebald, Abbot and Confessor, 760. 
Capt. W. Ed. Parry, Arct. Nav., born, 1790. 
Secession ord. passed in S. Carolina, 1^60. 
St. Thomas, Apostle, ' 

Em p. Yitellius, beheaded at Rome, 69 A, D. 



52) 4th Sunday in Advent, 



John 1, 



Dav's length, 9h, 38m. 



23 
24 
25 

26 
27 
28 
29 



Sunday 

MouriHy 

Tuesday 

Wednesday 

Thursday 

Friday 

Saturday 



7 11 


4 49 


9 55 • 


7 11 


4 49 


10 59 


7 11 


4 49 


11 59 


7 10 


4 50 


morn 


7 10 


4 50 


12 39 


7 10 


4 50 


1 49 


1 7 9 


4 51 


2 39 



Newton, born, 1642. 

Treaty of Ghent, 1814. 

Nativity of our Lord. Christmas Day. 

•Battle of Trenton, 1776. 

St. John, Apostle and Evangelist. 

IVEacauley, died, 18-=^9. 

Union repulse! at Vicksburg, Miss., 1862. 



53) Sunday after Christmas. 



Luke 2. 



Dav's length, 9h. 42m. 



30 Sunday 

31 I Monday 



4 51 
4 51 



3 37 

4 36 



Titus, Roman Emperor, born, 41 A. D. 
Battle of Murfreesboro, 1862. 



Jewish Festivals and Fasts. 



5649. — 1. December, Chanukah. 4. and 5. December, 
Rosh-Chodesh Thebet. 



FOR THE SOUTHERN STATES. 19 



THE VEGETABLE GARDEN. 



The size depends upon the purposes for which it is intended ; whether the 
family is large or small, and the time which can be devoted to its cultivation. The 
most suitable soil for a garden is a light loam. When the soil is too heavy, it 
ought to be made light by applying stable manure, and working up the ground 
thoroughly. Trenching as done in Europe, or North, is not advisable, at least 
where ihere is any cocoa, as by trenching the roots of this pest will get so deeply 
incorporated with the soil that trouble will be met with afterwards to get rid of it. 
Elxposure towards the east is desirable. If there are one or more large trees in 
the garden, or on the immediate outside, their shade can be used in which to sow 
Celery, Cabbage and other seeds during the hot summer months, which will be an 
advantage. The seed beds for this purpose should be so arranged as to receive only 
the morning or evening sun. It is of the greatest importance that the ground 
should be well drained, otherwise it will be impossible to raise good vegetables. 
The most reliable manure for general purposes is well decomposed stable or barn- 
yard manure. Cow manure will suit best for light, sandy soil, and horse manure 
for heavy, stiff clay lands. For special purposes, Peruvian Guano, Blood Ferti- 
lizer, Eaw Bone, Cotton Seed Meal and other commercial manures may be em- 
ployed with advantage. Of late years most gardeners who work their land with a 
plow, use Cow peas as a fertilizer with excellent result. They are sown broad-cast 
at the rate of 14 bushels to the acre, and wdien large enough they are turned under. 
Where the land is very sandy, cotton seed meal has the most lasting effect. For 
quick growing crops, such as Melons, Cucumbers, etc., the Blood Fertilizer and 
Guano applied in the hills are very good. Soap suds are good for Celery ; it is as- 
tonishing to perceive the difference in the size of those stalks which are watered 
every few days with the suds, and others on the same ground which are not. Wood 
ashes are best for Peas, either used as a top dressing when the Peas just come out 
of the ground, or else sprinkled in the rows when planted. The New Orleans mar- 
ket gardeners raise as fine vegetables as can be produced anywhere ; in fact, some 
varieties cannot be excelled, and very few gardeners use anything but stable 
manure. 

Rotation of Crops is another important item. Beets, Carrots and other 
roots should not be grown in succession on the same ground, but should be changed 
to those which grow above ground, such as Lettuce, Beans, Peas, etc. Good seed, 
good ground and good cultivation are essential in order to raise good vegetables. 
When plants are up, the ground should be stirred frequently; weeds ought not to 
be suffered to go into seed, but should be destroyed as soon as they appear. Hoe- 
ing and working the young crops during dry weather is very beneficial, because the 
weeds are then easily kille J, and hoeing the ground will make it retain moisture 
better than if it were left alone. 



20 



RICHARD FROTSCHER's ALMANAC AND GARDEN MANUAL 










m 



THE HOT BED. 



Owing to the open winters in the South, hot beds are not so much used as in 
the North, except to raise such tender plants as Egg-Plants, Tomatoes and Pep- 
pers. There is little forcing of vegetables done here, except as regards Cucumbers 
and Lettuce ; and, if we do not have any hard frosts, the latter does better in the 
open ground than under glass. To make a hot bed is a very simple thing. Any 
one ^vho has the use of tools can make the wooden frame ; the sashes may be ob- 
tained from any sash factory. I consider a w^ooden frame from five to six feet wide 
and ten feet six in<3hes long a very good size. It should be at least six Inches higher 
at the back than in the front; and covered by three sashes 3ix5 feet. The manure 
ought not to be over one mouth old; it should be thrown together in a heap, and 
when commencing to heat, be worked over with a fork, and all the long and short 
manure evenly mixed. In this State the ground is generally low, and to retain the 
heat of the manure for a longer time it is best to put the manure on top of the 
ground— that is, make a bank two feet longer and two feet wider than the frame. 
Keep the edges straight and the corners firm ; when thrown up about eighteen inches 
trample the manure down to six or eight inches, then put on another layer of eigh- 
teen inches and trample down again ; place thereon the frame and sash, and fill in 
six inches of good earth. After about five days stir the ground to kill the w^eeds 
which may have come up, then sow the seeds. In lower Louisiana the ground is 
too wet to dig out eighteen inches deep, throw in the manure and trample down as 
recommended in the North ; by a few hard rains, such as we frequently have in 
winter, the manure would become so soaked beneath the ground that the heat 
would be gone. Another advantage, when the frame is put above the ground, is, 
that it will go down with the manure gradually, and there remains always the same 
space between the glass and the ground. If the ground is dug out and the manure 
] lit into the frame, the ground will sink down so low after a short time that the sun 
v.ill have little effect upon it, and plants will become spindly. 



FOR THE SOUTHERN STATES. 21 



SOWING SEEDS. 



Some seeds are sown at once where they are to remain and mature. Others 
are sown in seed beds and transplanted afterwards. Seeds should be covered ac- 
cording to their sizes, a covering of earth twice the size of the seed is about the max- 
imum. Some seeds, such as Beans, Corn and Peas, can be covered from one to two 
inches, and thej^ will come up well. Here is a difference again : Wrinkled Peas 
and Sugar Corn have to be covered lighter and more carefully than marrowfat 
Peas or the common varieties of Corn. It depends upon the nature of the soil, sea- 
son of the year, etc. For instance, in heavy wet soils seeds have to be covered 
lighter than in sandy light ground. Seeds which are sown during summer in the 
open ground, such as Beets and Carrots, should be soaked over night in water and 
rolled in ashes or plaster before sowing; they will come up quicker. When they 
are sown in a seed bed, the ground should be light enough not to bake after a 
rain. Some varieties of seeds require shade when sown during the summer, such 
as Cauliflower, Celery and Lettuce. Care should be taken to have the shade at 
least three feet from the ground, and shade only after the sun has been on the bed 
for two or three hours ; and remove again early in the afternoon, so the plants may 
become sturdy. If too much shaded they will be drawn up, long-legged, and not 
fit to be set out in the open ground. The most successful cabbage planters in this 
neighborhood sow their seeds in the open ground, towards the end of July and dur- 
ing August, and give them no shade but water, and keep the ground moist from 
the day of sowing till the plants are transplanted. Seeds should be sown thinly 
in the seed bed. If plants come up too thickly they are apt to damp off. 

Lettuce seed should be sprouted during the hot months before sowing, accord- 
ing to directions given for June. 

To sow Turnips on a large scale during late summer and early fail months, the 
ground should be prepared in advance, and the seed sown just before or during a 
rain. Small pieces of ground, of course, can be sown at any time and watered 
afterwards. For covering all kinds of seeds, a fork is preferable to a rake ; with 
either implement, care must be taken not to cover the seeds too deep. Beans, Peas 
and Corn are covered with the hoe. Some fine seeds, such as Thyme or Tobacco, 
are covered enough when pressed with the back of the spade to the ground. The 
seedsman is often blamed for selling seeds which have not come up, when the 
same are perfectly good, but, perhaps, through ignorance the party by whom they 
were sown, placed them too deep or too shallow in the ground, or the ground may 
have been just moist enough to swell the seeds, and they failed to come up. At 
other times washing rains after sowing beat the ground and form a crust that the 
seeds are not able to penetrate, or, if there is too much fresh manure in the ground, 
it will burn the seed, and destroy its vitality. 

When seeds, such as Beans, Cucumbers, Melons and Squash, are planted before 
it is warm enough, they are very apt to rot if it rains. 



RICHAtD FROTSCHEE S ALMANAC A]SD GAEDEN MANUAL 



Seeds requisite to produce a given number of Plants and sow a given 

amount of ground. 



Quantity 
per acre. 

Artichoke, 1 oz. to oOO plants. >2 lb. 

Asparagus, 1 oz. to -00 plants 5 lbs. 



Barley 



IV, bu. 



Beans, dwarf, 1 quart to 150 feet of drill. . . IV4 " 

Beans, pole, 1 quart to 200 bills Vo ■' 

Beet, garden. 1 oz. to 100 feet of drill 10 lbs. 

Beet, Mangel, ! oz. to l-iO feet of drill 6 '• 

Broccoli, 1 Qz. to 3,000 plants ■> oz. 

Broom Corn. 10 lbs. 

Brussels Sprouts, 1 oz. to 3,000 plants 5 oz. 

B'.ickwheat V.2bu. 

*Cabbage, 1 oz. to 3,000 plants 5 oz. 

Carrot, I oz. to ',^50 feet of drill 2^ lbs 

*Caiiliflower, 1 oz. to 3,000 plants 5 oz. 

*Celerv, 1 oz. to 10,0. plants 4 " 

Clover, Alsike and v\ hit^' Dutt-h 6 lbs 

" Lucerne. Lartrc IUmI i.v ('rimson 

Trefoil ...'.. .... S lbs. 

" Medium 10 lbs. 

*Collards, 1 oz. to 2,500 plants 6 oz. 

Corn, sweet, 1 quart to 500 hills . .. 8 qts. 

(Jress, I oz. to 15G feet of drill ... 8 lbs. 

Cucumber, I oz. tv< 80 hills ... 13.^'' 

Egg Plant, 1 oz. to 2,000 plants 3 oz 

Endive, 1 oz. to 3oO feet of drill . 3 lbs. 

Flax, broadcast. 3^ bu. 

<-rourd, 1 oz. to 25 hills 23^ lbs 

Grass, Blue Kentuckv 2 "bu. 

■• Blue English 1 

Hungarian and Millet. K " 

Mixed Lawn. . 3 '• 

" Orchard, Perennial Rye, Red Top, 

Fowl Meadow and Wood Meadow . . 2 
* The above calculations are made for sowing 
double the quantity to give the same amount of plants. 



Quantity 
per acre. 

Garlic, bulbs, 1 lb. to 10 feet of drill . 

Hemp i^bu. 

Kale, 1 oz. to 3,000 plants 4' oz. 

Kohl-Rabi. I oz. to iOO feet of drill l^aoz. 

Leek, 1 oz. to 2-30 feet of drill . 4 lbs. 

Lettuce. 1 oz. to 2.')0 feet of drill 3 ■• 

Melon. Musk, 1 oz. to lOO hills 1% '• 

Melon. Water, oz. to 25 hills li^ " 

Nasturtium. 1 oz. to 50 feet of drill 10 '' 

Oats. .. 2'^bu. 

Okra, 1 oz. to 50 feet of drill 1 lbs . 

Onion Seed, 1 oz to 200 feet of drill .... 4 " 

" " for Sets 30 '• 

Onion Sets, ' quart to 20 feet of drill 8 bu. 

Parsnip, 1 oz to 2.50 feet of drill 5 lbs. 



Parsley, 1 oz. to 250 feet of drill 

Peas, garden, L quart to 150 feet of drill 

" held 

Pepper, 1 oz. to 1,. 500 plants .. 

Potatoes. ... 

Pumpkin, I quart to 300 hills 

Radish, 1 oz. to 150 feet of drill 

Rve 

Salsifv. 1 oz. to 60 feet of drill 8 

Spinach, oz. to 1-50 feet of drill 10 

SumniLT Savory, 1 oz. to oOO feet of drill.. 2 

Squash, summer, 1 oz. to 40 hills 2 

winter, 1 oz. to 10 hills 3 

Tomato, 1 oz. to 3,000 plants 3 

Tobacco, I oz. to 5,000 plants 2 

Turnip, 1 oz. to 2-50 feet of drill .... \\_ 

Vetches 2 bu. 

Wheat ItoJ" 

in the spring; during the siimmer it requires 



l^bu. 
21^ '• 
4 oz. 
10 bu. 
4 qts. 
8 lbs. 
U^bu. 
8 lbs. 



.lbs. 



Number of Plants or Trees to the Acre at given distances. 



Dis. apart. No. 
K foot. 

1 " " ... 

IK feet 

2 " 

2K •" 

3 feet by I foot.. 
3 " 2 feet... 



Plants. 
.174, 40 
. 4 ;,.56 i 
. P.), 360 

. ll',cSl)0 

. 6,969 
. 1 1,5 



Dis. apart. No. Plants. 



8 feet bv 3 feet. . . 


4,840 


4 •' 1 foot. . 


10,888 


4 •• 2feet .. 


5.444 


4 ■• 3 '■ . 


3,629 


4 •' 4 •' . . 


2 7^2 


5 " 5 '• ... 


1,742 



Dis. apart. No. Plants. Dis. apart. No. Plants. 

6 feet 1, i I 12 feet 302 

7 •' 6S9 i 15 " 193 

8 " (vS" I 18 " 134 

9 " ..; 573 I 20 " 108 

10 •' 435 I 25 "..... 69 

11 " 360 i 30 " 49 



.Standard Weight of Various Articles. 



Apples 

" dried. ; 

Barley . 

Beans' .. 

Buckwheat 

Broom Corn . . 

Blue Grass, Kentucky. . 
'V . " English..'.. 

Bran . . 

Canary Seed. 

Castor Beans 

Clover Seed 

Corn, shelled 

" on ear 

Corn Meal — 

Charcoal 

Coal, Mineral 

Cranberries 

Dried Peaches 

Flax -'eed 

Hemp Seed 

Hungarian Qrass Seed 
Irish Potatoes, heaping 

Millet 

Malt 

Oats. ;..:.v ...:;.. 

Osage Orange. ..... 

Orchard Grass 



per bui 



. 48 lbs. 
22 " 
48 " 


Onions 

Peas 

Plastering Hair 


per 


bush. :54 Ibj 
60 " 

8 '■ 


60 " 
48 " 


Rape 

Rve 




.5(1 " 


46 " 
14 " 


Red Top Seed 

Salt, ("oarse 




14 •• 
50 " 


24 '• 
20 '* 


Salt. .Michigan 

Sweet Potatoes 





.56 '• 
56 • • 


60 " 
46 •• 


Timothy Seed 

Turnips ... .... 




'"' . 4,5 '• 

58 ' • 


60 '• 
56 " 


AVheat 

Beef and Pork, per bbl 
Flour, per bbl., net 
White Fish and Trout, 

Salt, per bbl 

Lime, " . ■ 

Hay, well settled, per { 

Corn, on cob, in bin 

" shelled " 
Wheat, 
Oats, 

Potatoes, " 
Sand, dry, 
Clav. compa''t. 
Marble, 

Seasoned Beech Wood, 
Hickory, 


., net 


60 '• 
200 " 


70 " 
50 " 

0) " 


per bbl., net.. 


.... 196 '• 
.... 200 '• 
... 2S0 " 


80 '• 




2'>0 " 


40 " 
28 " 


nibic foot . ... 


22 '' 


56 " 




... 45 " 


44 " 
48 " 


A 


... 48 " 
... 25 V 


60 " 
50 " 
38 " 
32 " 


.:::■ 


... 381/^" 

... 95 *• 

... 135 " 

169 " 


33 " 


per cord 


5 616 ' ' 


14 " 




... 6,960 " 



FOR THE SOUTHERN STATES. 



.23 



DESCRIPTIVE CATALOGUE of YEGETABLE SEEDS. 



ARTICHOKE. 

AuTicHAUT (Fr.) Aktischoke (G.) 
Alcachofa (H[h) 

JLarge Giecn Globe. This 
is a very popular ve.^^etable in 
the South, and much esteemed 
by the native as well as the for- 
eign population from the South 
of Europe. It is extensively cul- 
tivated for the l^ew Oideans 
market. It is best propagated 
from suckers which come up 
around the large plants. Take 
them :off during the fall and 
early winter months ; plant them 
four feet apart each way. Every 
fall the ground should be man- 
ured and spaded or plowed be- 
tween them; at the same time 
the suckers should be taken off. 
If planted by seed, sow them 
in drills during winter or early 
spring, three inches apart and 
one foot from row to row ; cover 
with about one-half inch of 
earth. The following fall the 
plants can be transi)lanted and 
cultivated as recommended 
above. The seeds I offer are im- 
ported by me from Italy, and of 
superior quality; I can also fur- 
nish sprouts or plants in the 
fall of the year, at #1.50 per 100. 

fiarly Caanpansa. An 
early variety imported by me 
from Italy and which fruited for 
the first time two years ago. The cut represents as it grows, and has been taken 
from a branch brought to me ; it is flatter at the base than the Globe ; being very 
early, I consider it quite an acquisition. 

ASPARAGUS. 

AsPEROE (Fr.), Spargel (Ger.), Esparagos (Sp.) 
Purple Top. The Asparagus is not extensively cultivated in the South ; not 
that it is not liked well enough, but froth the fact that it does not succeed as well 
as in more Northern latitudes. It seems that it is shortlived, the roots giving out 
soon or throwing up very small shoots. 




Enriy Campania. 



-24 RICHAKD FROTSOHER S ALMANAC AND GARDEN MANUAL 



The ground should be well manured and prepared before either the roots or 
seeds are planted. For this climate the sowing of seed is preferable. Roots are 
generally imported from the North, and I have found that the roots raised here, 
one year old, are as strong as those received from the North three years old. Plant 
the seed in early spring. Soak over night in water ; plant in rows, or rather hills, 
one foot apart and two feet between ; put from four to five seeds in each hill ; when 
well up thin out tO:two plants. The following winter, when the stalks are cut off, 
cover with a heavy coat of well rotted manure and a sprinkling of salt; tishbrine 
will answer the same purpose. In the spring, fork in the manure between the rows 
and keep clean of weeds. The same treatment should be repeated every year. 
The bed should not be cut before being three years established. Care must be 
taken not to cut the stalks too soon in the fall of the year-^not until we have had 
a frost. If cut before, it will cause the roots to throw up young shoots, which will 
weaken them. 

BUSH BEANS. 

CULTURE. 

Place in rows eighteen inches apart. Plant from end of February, and for suc- 
cession, every two or three weeks to May. During June and July, Bush Beans 
planted in this latitude will not produce much. August and September are good 
months in which to plant again ; they will produce abundantly till killed by the 
frost. Do not cover the seeds more than two inches. 

POLE BEANS. 

Lima Beans should not be planted before the ground has become warm in 
spring. Strong poles ought to be set in the ground from four to six feet apart, and 
the ground drawm around them before the seed is planted. It is always best to 
plant after a rain and with the eye of the bean down. The other varieties can be 
planted flat, and not more than three to four feet apart, and hilled after they are 
up. Do not cover the seeds more than two inches ; one inch is enough for the 
Southern Prolific. 

BEANS. 

(DWARF, SNAP or BUSH, i 
Haricot (Fr.), Bohne (Ger.), Frijolenano (Sp.) 



Red Speckled French. 
Early China Red-Eye. 
Red Kidney. 



Extra Early Six Weeks, or Newington 

Wonder. 
Early Valentine Red Speckled. 
Early Mohawk Six Weeks. I Dwarf Golden Wax. 

Early Yellow Six Weeks. \ Best of All. 

German Dwarf Wax. I Improved Valentine. 

Wliite Kidney. WardwelVs New D waif Kidney Wax. 

Extra Early Six \¥eeks, or New- i It is used to a large extent for the mar- 



ing:toii Wonder, is very early, but the 
pods are small and round. Good for 
family use. 

Early Valentine, one of the best 
varieties ; pods round, tender and quite 
productive; not much planted for the 
market. Excellent for shipping. 

Early Moliawk Six weeks. This 
is a long podded variety, and very hardy. 



ket for the first planting; very produc- 
tive. 

Early Yellow Six liVeeks. This 
is the most i:)opular sort among market 
gardeners. Pods flat and long ; a very 
good bearer, but not so good for ship- 
ping as the Mohawk or Valentine. 

German Dw^arf W^ax. A new va- 
riety which is unsurpassed as a snap 



FOR THE SOUTHERN STATES. 



25 



bean. Pods are of a wax color and have 
no strings ; quite productive. Has come 
into general cultivation ; cannot be too 
highly recommended. 

White KidiBcy. A good strong 
growing variety, not much planted 

Red Speckled French is another 
strong growing variety, planted a good 
deal for the New Orleans market as a 
second crop, being about ten days later 
than the Mohawk and yellow Six Weeks. 
It is hardy and productive. 

Esirly China Red-Eye. Early and 
of good quality, but not very popular. 

Red Kidney. This variety is largely 
planted for the New Orleans market. 
It is a coarse growing variety, and much 
used for shelling when the pods turn 
yellow, so that the beans are well devel- 
oped, but yet soft. 

l>warf Oolden Wax. A dwarf 
variety with tiat pods, longer than the 
Dwarf German Wax; entirely stringless 




and white, mottled with purplish red. 
This variety will come into general cul- 
tivation, and will in time take the place 
of the black seeded Wax, being earlier 
and more productive. 

Best of All. A new variety from 
Germany of great merit, introduced 
here by me. It is green podded, long 
and succulent; it is pfolKic and well fla- 
vored. An excellent variety for shii)ping 
and family use. It is not quite so early 
as the Mohawk, but is of superior quality 
for shipping, and, therefore, is almost 




Dwarf Golden ^Yax Bean. 



Best of All Bean. % nutiiriil size 



m 



Rlt'HAED FlJOTSCHEll S ALMANAC AND GARDEN MANUAL 




beautiful 
Dwarf W; 
Golden W 
done best 



the only kind planted 
here for that purpose. 
The cut is a ^ood rep- 
resentation as it 
grows; it shows only 
two-thirds of its natu- 
ral size. Can not be too 
highly recommended. 
I expect to have a full 
supply this year. 

Improved Valen- 
tiaae. This variety has 
all the good qualities 
of the old Valentine ; 
only, it is ten days ear- 
lier, a great considera- 
tion when planted for 
the market ; it will su- 
persede the old varie- 
ty of Valentine. 

Tl'aa'd well's IV ew 
D Av a a* f Kidney 
T%^ay. Novelty from 
last year. This is the 
best dwarf Wax Bean 
in cultivation ; it is 
quite early ; the pods 
are of similar shape as 
the Golden Wax, but 
longer; color of a 
golden yellow. They are very prolific and hardy, surpassing any other 
IX Bean that I know of. The color of the bean is somewhat like the 
ax, but more kidney-shaped and more spotted with dark purple. It has 
here among the Dwarf Vv^ax Beans. 



Improved Valentine. 




VVAPDl'"'E'-l^B r 



^s-/ 



n 



KIDNEY WAX BEAN 



^^-^: 




FOR THE SOUTHERN STATES. 



27 



BEANS. 

POLE OR RUNNING. 
Haricots a Rames (Fr.), StanCtEN-Bohnen (Ger.), Frijol Yastago (Sp. 



Large Limit 
Carolina or Sewec. 
Horticultural or Ureu's Egg. 
Batch Case Knife. 
German Wax or Butter. 



Soutliern Prolific. 

Creole Back. 

New Gohlen Wax Flagolet. 

Lazy Wife's. 

Southern WWoic-leaved Sewee or Butter. 



Larg-e Lima. A well-known and excellent variety. It is the best shell bean 
known. Should have rich ground, and plenty room to grow. 

Carolina or Sewce. A variety similar to the Lima : the only difference is, the 
seeds and pods are smaller. It is generally culti- 
vated, being more productive than the Large 
Lima. 

HorticultQSE^aB or Wren's Egg-/ does not 
grow very strong; bears well, pods abcmt six 
inches long, which are roundish and very tender. 

Dutch Case Knife. A very good pole bean ; 
it is early; pods broad and long, somewhat 
turned towards the end. 

Oeriiaan IVax. This is a fine variety, and 
has the same good qualities as the German Dwarf 
Wax. Pods have a waxy appearance ; very suc- 
culent and tender. 

Southern!ProBi£ic. No variety will continue 
longer in bearing than this. It stands the heat of 
the summer better than any other, and is planted 
to succeed the other kinds. It is a very strong 
grower; pods about seven inches long and flat; 
seeds are dark yellow or rather light brown. It is 
the standard variety for the New Orleans market, 
for late spring and summer. 

Crease Back. A variety of Pole Beans which 
has been cultivated in the South for a long time, 
but has' never come into the trade till introduced 
by me. It is an excellent bean, earlier than the 
"Southern Prolific." Seeds white; pods round, 
with a crease in the back, from which the name. 
It is a good grower, bears abundantly, and, if 
shipped, will keep better than most other kinds. It 
sells better in the spring than any other for ship- 
ping purposes ; and when in season, it can not be 
surpassed. For early summer, the Southern Pro- 
lific is preferable, standing the heat better. 
Several years ago I received half a bushel from 
near Mobile, Ala., and all the beans of this variety 
about here can be traced back to that half bushel. 
■I supplied two growers in Georgia where it was 
not known at that lime. I expect to have a 
full supply this season. There is a light brown 
bean, streaked and mottled with dark brown and whito create liack Be;iii8. 




^ 



RICHAKD FKOTSCHER S ALMANAC AND GARDEN MANUAL 




black of the same name ; but it is not equal to the white 
variety. In some localities this kind is called "Calico Crease 
Back." Tile wliite seeded variety is also known in some 
sectioDs by the name of "Fat Horse." 

J^ew GoSdeaa Wax FBag^eolet. This is a novelty 
from last year ; it was brought out from Germany. After 
another year's experience I can confirm all what is claimed 
for it. It is the best Wax Pole Bean in cultivation ; surpasses 
in length and delicacy of flavor all other Wax varieties. It 
g i I is a very strong grower, 

'h-^ "^ j^di^ ^^^ which is wanting by most 

'" ^ oftheWaxPolekinds.lt 

bears abundantly, is en- 
tirely stringless, and does 
not spot, even by too 
much rain or other unto- 
ward weather. Cannot be 
too highly recommended. 
The Golden Wax Pole 
Bean, brought out last 
year, I have dropi)ed, as 
it can stand no compari- 
son with the Golden Wax 

4^"^^"'"^' ^ I F^'^'^^^'^^^^^JX Flageolet. 

^^ ^ ' ^^^ ^'^^^^' Lazy ISVife's. Anew 

Pole Bean from Pennsyl- 
vania. The pods are en- 
tirely stringless, 4—5 in- 
ches long, and have a fine 
flavor when cooked. They 
retain their rich flavor 
until nearly ripe. The 
Beans are white, and as 
fine as a shell Bean. 

SotUliern l>¥il low- 
leaved Sewee or Bat- 
ter. This is a variety 
which is grown by the 
market gardeners about 
New Orleans; the pods 

and beans are the same as the Sewee or Carolina Eean ; it is quite distinct in the 

leaves, being narrow like the willow. It stands the heat better than. any other 

Butter Bean, and is very productive. Try it. 




NtMV Golleu Wax Fl.igeol't 
Pole Bean'; 



Lazv Wife's Pole Beans 



ENGLISH BEANS. 

Feve de Marais (Fr.), Puff-Bohnf, (Ger.), Haba Comdn \Sp,: 



Broad Windsor. Not so much cul- 
tivated here as in some parts of Europe. 
It is much liked by the people of the 
Southern part of Europe. Ought to be 



l)lanted during November; as, if planted 
in the spring, they will not produce 
much. 



FOR TffE SOUTHERN STATES* 



29 



BEETS. 

BETRAVE(Fr.), RuNKELRUEBE (Ger. \ Remolacha (Sp.). 



Extra Early or Bassano. 
Simon's Early Bed Turnip. 
Early Blood Turnip. 
Long Blood. 
Half Long Blood. 



Egyptian Bed Turnip. 
Long Bed Mangel Wurzel. 
While French Sugar. 
Silver or Swiss Chard. 
New Eclipse. 



CULTURE. 

The ground for beets should be rich and well spaded or plowed. Sow in drills 
twelve to eighteen inches apart, cover the seed about one inch deep. When about 



m 








, ^n'. 



-imoii's Early Red Turnip Beet. Early Blood Turnip Beet. 



White French Sug.ir Beet. 





Silver Beet, or Swiss Chard. 



Egyptian Red Turnip Bvot 



30 



IIICHARD FROTOCHER S ALMANAC AND GARDEN MANUAL 



a month old, thin them out to four or six inches apart. In this latitude beets are 
sown from January till the end of April, and from the middle of July till the middle 
of November; in fact, some market gardeners sow them every month in the year. 
In the summer and fall, it is* well to soak the seeds over night and roll in plaster 
before sowing. 



Extra Early, or Bassano, is the 

earliest variety, but not popular on ac- 
count of its color, which is almost white 
when boiled. Earlihess is not of so 
much value here, where there are beets 
sown and brought to the market the 
whole year around. In the North it is 
different, where the first crop of beets 
in the market in spring will bring a bet- 
ter price than the varieties which ma- 
ture later. 

Simon's^ Early Red Tairsaip. 
This is earlier than the Blood Turnip, 
smooth skin and of light red color ; 
planted a good deal by the market gar- 
deners about New Orleans. 

Early ;SBootl TciriBip. The most 
popular variety for market purposes as 
well as family use. It is of a dark red 
color and very tender. This is the prin- 
cipal variety planted for shipi)ing. My 
stock is raised for me from dark selected 
roots, and can not be excelled. 

EoHg- BSood. Is not quite so tender 
as the foregoing variety ; it is not planted 
at all for the market, and very little 
for family use. In the North it is 
chiefly planted for winter use ; here we 
have Turnip Beets the whole winter 
from the garden; therefore it has not 
the same value. 

Half Long: Blood. A very dark 



red variety of a half long shape ; a good 
kind for family use. 

E§:ya>tiaBi Ked Tiirnap. This is 
a new variety sent out by 'Benary" 
some years ago. It is very early, tender, 
deep red and of Turnip shape. Leaves 
of this variety are smaller than of 
others. The seeds are also much smaller. 
I recommend it and consider it a good 
acquisition. The seed of this variety is 
obtained by me from the original source 
and is the finest stock offered. 

l^ew EcSipse. A new Beet from 
Germany, very regular, of globular 
shai^e. It has a small tOj), is of dark red 
blood color, sweet and fine grained flesh. 
It comes as early as the E'jryptian. 

Eo&BijT Red J^asig-el Warzel. This 
is raised for stock; it grows to a large 
size. Here in the South where stock is 
not stabled during the winter, the rais- 
ing of root crops is much neglected. 
Being very profitable for its food it 
ought to be more cultivated. 

IrVliite Ereaicli Sng-ar, is used the 
same as the foregoing; not much 
planted. 

Silver Beet, or Swiss Cliard. 
This variety is cultivated for its large 
succulent leaves, which are used for the 
same purposes as Spinach. It is very 
popular in the New Orleans market. 



BORECOLE, OR CURLED KALE. 

Choct-vert (Fr.), Gruner Kohl (Ger.), Breton (Sp.). 
I>warf Oernian Oreeais. 

A vegetable highly esteemed in the Northern part of Europe, but very little 
cultivated in this country. It requires frost to make it good for the table. Treated 
the same as cabbage. 

BROCCOLI. 

Chou Brocoli (Fr.j, Spargel-Kohl (Ger.), Broculi (Sp. ). 
Purple Cape. 

Beseinbles the Cauliflower, but not forming such compact heads, and not quite 
so white, being of a greenish cast. We raise such fine Cauliflower here that very 
little Broccoli is planted. 



FOB THE SOUTHERN STATES. 



M 



The Purple Ca]^e is the most desirable variety ; 
cultivated the same as Half Early Cauliflower; fur- 
ther North than New Orleans, where Cauliflower 
does not succeed, the Broccoli may be substituted, 
being hardier. 

BRUSSELS SPROUTS. 

Choi> de Bruxelles (Fr.), Eosen or Sprossen Kohl 
(Ger.), Breton de Bbuselas (Sp.). 

A vegetable cultivated the same as tlie Cabbage, 
but very little known here. The small heads which 
appear along the upper part of the stalk between 
the leaves, make a fine dish when well prepared. 
Should be sown during August and September, 

CABBAGE. 

Chou Pomme (Fr.), Kopfkohl (Ger.), Repollo (Sp.). 




^i» 



Brussels Sprouts. 



Earlij York. 
Edy^lil Large York. 
Earlij Sugar Loaf. 
Earhj Large Oxheart. 
Earlij Winning.Htadt. 
Jer^eij Wakefield. 
Earlij Flat Datch. 
Early Drumhead. 
Large Flat Brunaio'wk. 



Improved Earhj Summer. 

Improved Large Late Driimheail. 

FrotHcher's Superior Late Flat Dutch. 

Bed Dutch {for pickling). 

Green Globe Savo'j. 

Earhj Dwarf Savoj. 

DrujnJiead Savoy. 

St. Denis or Chou Bonneuil. 

Ercehlor. 



During the past "World's Exposition" I exhibited different vegetables as they 
were in season. Many visitors will recollect the fine specimens of Cabbage, Beets, 
Celery, Cauliflower, Lettuce, Cucumbers, etc., they saw there displayed. I received 
the Prize for '* Frotscher's Fa:U Diatcli CaS)b;ig:e " and Early Blooi Turnip 
Beets. Ten heads of Cabbage, devoid of all outside leaves, weighed one hundred 
and seventy-three pounds. They were raised on Captain Marcy's place, one mile 
below Algiers.— I did not exhibit them for competition, but merely to show ta our 
Northern visitors what fine vegetables we have here during the winter, when at 
their homes everything is covered with snow and ice. The Committee of Awards- 
on Vegetables gave me the Prize without any solicitation on my part,— they think- 
ing it well merited. (See inside cover.) 



CULTURE. 

Cabbage requires a strong, good soil, and should be heavily manured. To raise 
large Cabbage without good soil and without working the plants well, is an im- 
possibility. Cabbage is sown here almost in every month of the year, but the seed 
for a main crop should be sown from July to September. Some sow earlier, but 
July is time enough. For a succession, seed can be sown till November. . The main 
crop for Spring should be sown from end of October to end of November, as stated 
before. The raising of Cabbage for spring has become quite an item of late years ; 
Brunswick should be sown a little earlier than the Early Summer or the ^Excelsior, 
—the two latter kinds not till November, but in a frame, so the young plants can 
be protected against cold weather, which we generally have between December 



32 



KICHARD FROTS CHER S ALMANAC AND GARDEN MANUAL 



andJanuary. After the middle of January, setting out can be commenced with. 
These early varieties of Cabbage require special fertilizing to have them large. 
Early varieties are sown during winter and early spring. Cabbage is a very impor- 
tant crop, and one of the best paying for the market gardener. It requires more 
work and attention than most people are willing to give, to raise cabbage plants 
during the months of July and August. I have found, by careful observation, that 
plants raised in August are the surest to head here. The most successful gardeners 
in raising cabbage plants sow the seeds thinly in seed beds, and water several times 
during the day; in fact, the seed-bed is never allowed to get dry from the sowing 
of the seed till large enough to transplant. There is no danger, in doing this, of 
scalding the plants, as many would suppose ; but on the contrary, the plants thrive 
well, and so treated, will be less liable to be attacked by the cabbage-flies, as they 
are too often disturbed during the day. Tobacco stems chopped up and scattered 
between the plants and in the walks between the beds, are a preventative ao-ainst 
the fly. 




'^X^^-{^.§^ 



Early York Ciibbage. Large Flat 

JEarBy York.. This is an early va- 
riety, but very little grown here except 
for family use. As we have cabbage 
heading up almost the whole year, it 
has not the same value as in Northern 
climates, where the first cabbage in 
spring brings a good price. 

L.arg"e York. About two to three 
weeks later than the above, forming- 
hard heads ; not grown for the market. 
Recommended for family use. 

Early Sug^arLioaf. Another point- 
ed variety, with spoon-shaped leaves ; 
sown in early spring for an early sum- 
mer cabbage. 

£arly Larg^e Oxiieart. An excel- 
lent variety, which is later than the 
Large York, and well adapted for sow- 
ing in fall or early spring. 

Early lYinning^stadt. This is a 
very fine solid-heading variety ; pointed 
and of good size, of the same season as 
the Oxheart. It is very good for family 
use. It does not suit the market, as 
no pointed cabbage can be sold to any 
advantage in the New Orleans market. 

Jersey Wakefield. Very popular 
in the North ; but little planted here. 
It is of medium size and heads up well. 



Brunswick. Early Dwarf Savoy. 

Early FlatOiitcls. An intermediate 
variety between the early pointed and 
late varieties. It is not, on an average, 
as heavy as the Oxheart or Winning- 
stadt ; but, if raised for the market, more 
salable on account of being flat. Yery 
good variety for family use. 

Early I>rtiiiiliead. A similar va- 
riety to the above ; a little earlier, and 
not making as many leaves, it can be 
planted close. A good early spring 
cabbage. 

Earg:e Flat Brunswick. This is 
a late German variety, introduced by 
me about twenty years ago. It is as 
excellent variety, and when well headed 
up the shape of it is a true type of a 
Premium Flat Dutch Cabbage. It re- 
quires very rich ground, and should be 
sown early, as it is a little more suscep- 
tible of frost than the Superior Flat 
Dutch. It is v/ell adapted for shipping, 
being very hard, and does not wilt so 
quick as others. At Frenier, along the 
Jackson Eailroad, this is the kind prin- 
cipally planted, and is preferred over 
all other varieties. The j^eople living 
there plant nothing else but cabbage, 
and have tried nearly all highly recom- 



FOR THE SOUTHERN STATES. 



33 




Karly Winningstadt. 







St. Denis, or Choii Bonneuil. 









---.c^^-- 



L>"\ .^^--■^ 



i)rumlio.id h.n oj 




Green Globe Savoy 




Large York Cabbage. 



M^^^^^'^'^'A 




Early Flat Dutch. 




Frotscher'.^ Superior Late Flat Dutch. 



Karly Large Oxheart. 



34 



RICHARD FROTSCHKirS ALZ^IAXAC AXD GARDEX MANUAL 




^^--/5^^/v 

^.■z 



fe^lsd^? 



Early Prumhead Cabbage. 

mended varieties, and this is their 
choice. At that place the seeds are 
sown in October and November. The 
bulk of the cabbage raised there is ship- 
ped North in April and May, and is the 
finest which comes to the Chicago 
market. 

Iiupi'ov^^d Early Summer. This 
cabbage is of recent introduction. It is 
not quite so large as the Brunswick, but 
earlier: for fall it can be sown iu Au- 
gust; for spring, in November and as 
late as January-. It heads up ver^^ uni- 
form and does not produce many outside 
leaves. It is hardier than the Bruns- 
wick, and stands the cold and heat bet- 
ter. The seed I offer is of the best 
strain cultivated, and can be planted 
closer together than the late varieties — 
say about 8000 to the acre. The finest 
crop of this varietj'- (one hundred and 
fifty thousand heads of cabbagej I ever 
saw, was raised two 3^ears ago near the 
city. The grower could commence on 
one end of the row to cut, and continue 
to the end, all well headed. They aver- 
aged about 7 pounds. 

Improved Large L.ate Drum- 
head. Fine large variety; should be 
sown early in the fall for winter, or 
during December and Januuary for late 
spring use ; it will stand more cold 
weather than the Brunswick. 

Superior L,ate Flat I>utcli. 
This is the most popular variety for 
winter cabbage, and cultivated by al- 
most every gardener who plants for 
the New Orleans market. My stock is 
of superior quality, and I venture to 
say that seventy-five per cent, of all 




Iniiiroved Early -ummer. 

Cabbage sold in the New Orleans market 
are of seeds which have been obtained 
from my store.' During winter and 
spring, specimens Avhich are brought 
as samples to my establishment, weigh- 
ing from fifteen to twenty-five pounds, 
can frequently be seen. In regard to 
the time of planting, see remarks under 
head of "Cabbage" in the directions for 
planting for July. I have tried seed of 
the ITat Dutch from different growers, 
but have found none yet to equal the 
stock I have been selling for years, and 
which is raised for me by contract. 

Red Dutch. Mostly used for pick- 
ling or salads. Very little cultivated. 

Oreeu €rIohe Savoy. Medium 
sized heads, not very hard, but all the 
leaves can be used. This and the fol- 
lowing varieties are of fine flavor, and 
preferred by many over the other varie- 
ties. 

Early Dwarf Savoy. Heads rather 
small, but solid ; leaves very curled 
and succulent; of a dark green color. 
Very fine for family garden. 

Drumhead Savoy. Leaves are 
wrinkled, but not quite so much as the 
two foregoing kinds. It grows to a good 
size with large roundish heads. 

St. Desii8, or Chou Bouueuil. 
This was, at one time, one of the most, 
popular varieties .srown for this market, 
but during the past few years has not 
done so well as formerly, and is, there- 
fore, planted very little now. It wants 
good ground and high cultivation. It 
does better for spring than for fall. 
Should be sown in November. 

Excelsior. There are several varie- 



FOR THE SOUTHERN STATES, 



35 



ties called by this name. What I offer 
is a second early variety; light green 
color, but few outside leaves and a large 
roundish head. It is not as hardy as 
the Superior Flat Dutch, and does ex- 
cellently when planted for the spring. 



Seed sown last season as late as January, 
produced fine, large heads. It stands 
the' heat better than the Brunswick. 
This variety, the Brunswick and Early 
Summer, are the best to plant for ship- 
ping in spring. 



CAULIFLOWER. 

CHOtTFLEUR (Fr.), Blumenkohb (Ger.), Coliflor (Sp.j 



Extra Earhj Pnris. 

Half EarUj Paris. 

Early Erfar^t. 

Le Normanda {nJiort- stemmed). 



Early Italian Giant. 
Late Italian Giant. 
Imperial. 
Large Algiers. 



This is one of the finest vegetables grown, and succeeds well in the vicinity 
of New Orleans. Large quantities are raised on the sea-coast in the neighborhood 
of Barataria Bay. The two Italian varieties are of excellent quality, growing to 
large size, and are considered hardier than the German and French varieties. I 
have had specimens brought to my store, raised from seed obtained from me, 
weighing sixteen pounds. The ground for planting Cauliflower should be very rich. 
They thrive best in rich, sandy soil, and require plenty of moisture during the for- 
mation of the head. The Italian varieties should be sown from April till July ; the 
latter month and June is the best time to sow the Early Giant. During August, 
September and October, the Le Normands, Half Early Paris and Erfurt can be 
sown. The Half Early Paris is very popular, but the other varieties are just as good. 
For spring crop the Italian kinds do not answer, but the Early French and German 
varieties can be sown at the end of December and during January, in a bed pro- 
tected from frost, and may be transplanted into the open ground during February 
and as late as March. If we have a favorable season, and not too dry, they will 
be very fine ; but if the heat sets in soon, the flowers will not attain the same size 
as those obtained from seeds sown in fall, and which head during December and 
Januarj^ 

Extra Early Paris. The ear- 
liest variety, heads small, very 
tender. 

Half Early Paris. The most 
popular in the New Orleans market. 
Heads of good size, white and com- 
pact. 

Early Erfurt. This variety is 
of more dwarfish growth than the 
two former. Heads white and of 
good size. Heads with certainty. 

Ee Noriiiaudsis a French vari- 
ety, and largely cultivated here. 
It stands more dry weather than 
the other varieties, and has large 
and pure white heads. Not so pop- 
ular as the Half Early Paris in 
this market, but there is no good 
reason why it should not be, as it 

is an excellent variety in every Le Normands ahort-stemmed Cauliflower. 




36 



RICHARD FROTSCHER S ALMANAC AND GARDEN MANUAL 




J 



respect ; stands the heat better than 
any other. 

I^arge Alg^iers, A French va- 
riety of the same season as the Le 
Normands, but a surer producer. 
It is one of the best kinds, and has 
taken the place of other second 
li * early varieties since it has been in- 

^, I troduced. 

L. , '■ Early Btaliaai Oiant. Very 

large fine sort, not quite so late as 

the Late Italian, and almost as 

large. The heads are quite large, 

white and compact, and of delicious 

flavor. I recommend it to all who 

have not tried it. When sown at 

the proper season, it will head with 

certainty, and will not fail to give 

satisfaction. 

Late Italiaas ^iasit. This is the largest of all the Cauliflowers. It is grown 

to a considerable extent in the neighborhood of New Orleans. It is very large 

and compact; should not be sown later than June, as it takes from seven to 

nine months before it heads. 

Imperial. A variety from France, very similar to the Le Normands, perhaps 
a little earlier ; very good. I recommend it highly. 



Larj^e Algiers. 




Early Italian Giaut Caulifl()\\er. 

CARROT. 

Carotte (Fr.), Moehre or Gelbe Kuebe (Ger.), Zanahoria (Sp.) 

IJarhi Scarlet Horn. | St. Valerie. 

Half Long Scarlet French. I Half Long Lvc. 

Improved. Long Orange. i Banver's Intermediate. 

Long Red witJiout core. \ 

Requires a sandy loam, well manured, and deeply spaded up. Should be sown 
in drills ten to twelve inches apart, so the plants can be worked after they are up. 



FOR THE SOUTHERN STATES. 



37 



Gardeners here generally sow them broad-cast, and often the roots are small from 
being crowded too much together. 




Karly Scarlet Horn Carrot. 





Half Long Luc Carrot. 





Half Kong French 
Scarlet Carrot. 



A' 



I-ong Red Carr )t without core. 




St. Valerie Carrot. 



Dauver's Intermediate. 



EICHARD FROTSCHER S ALMANAC AND GARDEN MANUAL 



Early ScarJet llorBi. A short, 
stump-rooted variety of medium size, 
very early aud of fine flavor. Not culti- 
vated for the market. 

Half L.oii^ FreBBch §r.arlet. This 
is the most popular variety, and exten- 
sively grown for the market as well as 
for family use. It is a little later than 
the Early Horn, but much larger ; bright 
scarlet in color, and of fine flavor. 

Half I^osBg- Iwiie. This is a new va- 
riety from France. It is as early as any 
previously mentioned, but stump-rooted 
and larger. It is very smooth and of a 
fine color. 

IaBaprove«t £.®Eig- Orao^e. This is 
an old variety ; roots long and of deep 
orange color. It is not much cultivated 
in this section, and the flavor is not so 
fine as that of the two preceding kinds. 
Valuable for field culture. 

JLoBig" Red, without core. A new va- 



riety from France, which is of cylindri- 
cal shape, very smooth, bright scarlet 
color, and of fine flavor; has no heait 
or core. It is not quite so early as the 
Half Long, but more productive. Con- 
sider it a first-class variety for the table, 
and one that will come into general cul- 
tivation when better known. 

fet. Valeric. A new variety from 
France, bright red in color ; a little la.r- 
ger and longer than the Half Long- 
French, and stronger in the leaves. 
This is one of the finest carrots, and 
will take the place of the Half Long in 
the course of time. It is very smooth. 

©a&iver's. An intermediate Ameri- 
can variety of recent introduction. It 
is of a bright orange color ; very smooth ; 
symmetrically formed ; somewhat 
stump-rooted like the Half Long Luc. 
It will produce more in weight to the 
acre than any other Half Long variety. 



CELERY. 

Celeri (Fr.), Sellerie (Ger.), Apio (Sp.). 



Dwarf Large Ribbed. 
Cutting. 



Large Wldte Solid. 
Perfection Heartwell. (New.) 
Turnip -Rooted. 

Sow in May and June for early transplanting, and in August and September 
for a later crop. Sow thinly and shade during the hot months. When the plants 



are six inches high, transplant into 




Celcriac or Turnip-Rooted Celery, 



trenches about four inches deep, nine wide 
and two and a half feet apart, made 
very rich by digging in rotten manure. 
Plants should be from 6 to 8 inches 
apart. When planted out during the 
hot months, the trenches requh^e to be 
shaded, which is generally done by 
spreading cotton cloth over them ; latan- 
niers will answer the same purpose. 
Celery requires plenty of moisture, and 
watering with soapsuds, or liquid man- 
ure, will benefit the plants a great deal. 
When tall enough it should be earthed 
up to blanch to make it fit for the table. 
L.arg:e "White Solid is the variety, 
mostly grown . Is white, solid and crisp. 
Perfection Heartwell. A new in- 
troduction from France. This variety 
is in size between the Large White Solid 
and Dwarf kinds; it is of excellent 
quality, very thick, and when blanched 
the heart is of a beautiful golden yellow 



FOR THE SOUTHERN STATES. 



39 



color ; preferable to the White Solid, and 
one of the best kinds ever introduced. 

Celeriae or Turnip-Rooted Cel- 
ery, is very popular in some parts of 
Europe, but hardly cultivated here. It 
should be sown in the fall of the year, 
and transplanted six inches apart, in 
rows one foot apart. When the roots 
have obtained a .i>'ood size, they are 
boiled, scraped off, sliced and dressed 
with vineixar, etc., as a salad. 




Dwarf JLarg:e Rib l>ed. This kind 
was brought here several years ago from 
France. It is short, but very thick- 
ribbed, solid and of fine flavor. The 
best dwarf variety for this section. 

Celery for 8oup. This is sown in 
the spring of the year, broad-cast, to be 
used for seasoning, the same as Parsley. 




Dwarf, Large Ribbed Celery. 



Lais-e White Solid Celerv. 



CHERVIL. 

Ceefeuil (Fr,), Kerbelkraut (Ger.) 
An aromatic plant, used a good deal for seasoning, especially in oyster soup, 
and is often cut between Lettuce when served as a salad. In the North this vege- 
table is very little known, but in this section there is hardly a garden where it is 
not found. Sow broad-cast during fall for winter and spring, and in January and 
February for summer use. 

COLLARDS. 

A kind of cabbage w'hich does not head, but the leaves are used the same as 
other cabbage. Not so popular as in former years, and very little planted in this 
vicinity. 



40 



RICHARD FROTSCHER S ALMANAC AND GARDEN MANUAL 



CORN SALAD. 

Mache, Doucet (Fr.), Acker Salat (Ger,), Valeriana (Sp.)- 

Broad-leaved Corn Salad is the variety generally cultivated. It is used as salad 
during the winter and early spring months. Should be sown broad-cast during 
fall and winter, or in drills nine inches apart. 

CORN. 

INDIAN. 

Mais (Fr.j, Welschkorn (Ger 
Extra Early Dwarf Sugar. 
Adam's Extra Early. 
Early Sugar or Sweet. 
StoweVs Evergreen Sugar. 
Golden Dent Gourd Seed. 
Early Yellow Canada. 



), Maiz (Sp.). 
Large White Flint. 
Blunfs Prolific Field. 
Inip7'oved Learning. 
Golden Beauty. 
CJiampion White Peart. 
Mosby's Prolific. 



Plant in hills about three feet apart, drop four to five seeds and thin out to two 
or three. Where the ground is strong the Adam's Extra Early and Crosby's Sugar 
can be planted in hills two and a half feet apart, as these two varieties are more 
dwarfish than the other kinds. Plant for a succession from February to June. 



£xtra Early, or Crosby's Du^arf 
Sugrar. This is a very early variety 
and of excellent quality. Ears small, 
but very tender. It is not so extensively 
l)lanted as it deserves to be. 

Adam's Extra Early, the most 
popular variety with market gardeners 
for first planting. It has no fine table 
qualities, but as it grows to a good size, 
and is matured in about forty days from 
time of planting, it meets with ready 
sale in the market, and for these reasons 
gardeners prefer it. 

Early Sug:ar, or New Eiig^land. 
A long eight-rowed variety, which suc- 
ceeds the Extra Early sorts. Desirable 
variety. 

Stowel's Evergreen Sugar. This 
is the best of all Sugar Corn. It is an 
early Corn, but the ears are of large size, 
and are well filled. It remains green 
longer than any other variety, and is 
quite productive. The cultivation of this 
excellent cereal, as well as all other Sug- 
ar Corn, is much neglected, yet why 
people will ijlant common field-corn for 
table use, considering size instead of 
quality, I can not understand. 

OoldenDesettiiourdSeed. Afield 
variety which is very productive at the 
North, It makes a very fine Corn South, 
but has to be planted here several years 



in succession before it attains perfection 
as during the first year the ears are not 
well covered by the husk, which is the 
case with all Northern varieties. When 
selected and planted here for a few 
■ years, it becomes acclimated and makes 
an excellent Corn, with large, fine ears, 
grain deep and cob of medium size. 

Early Yellow Canada. A long 
eight-rowed variety. It is very early, 
and is planted in both the field and gar- 
den. It does well here. 

Earge White Flint. Avery popular 
variety with gardeners and amateurs. 
It is planted here for table use princi- 
pally, but like the Golden Dent, makes 
an excellent kind for field culture after 
it has been planted here for two or three 
years. 

Blunt's Prolific Field Corn. This 
is a very excellent variety, either for the 
field or for the table. It is very prolific, 
producing from four to six ears of corn. 
They are of medium size, but well filled 
and heavy, It is second early. This 
variety has done better than any other, 
and, being of Southern origin, it seems 
to be better adapted to our climate. I 
recommend it as an early yielding Corn 
for field culture. 

Improved Eeaming. An extra 
early variety, sold by me for the first 



FOU THE SOUTHEKN STATKS. 



41 



time four years ago. It is not hard and 
flinty, but sweet and nutritious, making 
excellent feed and fine meal. The ears 
are large and handsome, with deep, 
large grains, dee}) orange color and 
small red cob. It is very productive. 
The shucks cover the ear better than any 
Northern or Western variety I have ever 
tried. It is adaf)ted to a variety of soils ; 
and produces well on heavy or light soil ; 
ithas shown itself as very reliable. 

OoldeEi Beauty. This vaiiety is the 
handsomest of all yellow corn ; the ears 
are of a perfect shape, long, and filled 
out to the extreme end of the cob. The 
grains are not of a flinty type, neither 
are they so soft as to be greatly shrivell- 
ed, as in the Golden Dent. Golden 




Champion VVliiti^' I'eurl Corn 




Improved Learning. 



42 



RICHARD FROTSCHER's ALMANAC AND GARDEN MANUAL 




^^VH^\<i.V^\}^,\S^\ 



SMS; 

Ciohlen Beauty Corn. 

two years, anil have found it to do better than 
planted in Louisiana. Recommend it very highl>' 



Beauty matures early, rip- 
ening- in eighty days from 
planting, and surpasses all 
in size and beauty of grain. 

Ciianipioifi Whil« Pearl. 
This is a very handsome 
white corn. The grain is pure 
white, exceedingly heavy 
^nd long, two of which will 
span the cob, which is small 
Being medium in siz'3 of 
stalk it can be planted much 
thicker than a large Corn, 
and at the same time bear a 
full sized ear. The origina- 
tor has established in Cham- 
pion White Pearl Corn a 
short, thick stalk, with the 
ear growing low upon it, 
which is an advantage in 
stormy weather. 

JTIosby's Prolific Corn. 

This is a Southern Corn, and 
is recommended for general 
crop. The originator of this 
variety says: "This corn is 
a cross between two widely 
different varieties. It.is pure- 
ly white, small cob, deep, 
full grain, neither too hard 
nor too soft. It vvill stand 
crowding in the drill as 
close again as any other 
variety. Ears of medium 
size, but long. It stands the 
drought better than ordin- 
ary corn." 

I sold a large quantity of 
this corn for seed the last 
any other White Corn I ever saw 
Should be planted early. 



FOR THE SOUTHERN STATES- 



43 










Suyar Corn. 



Early Sugar, or New Engiaud C( 



Extra Pill SujTXi Corn. 



CRESS. 

Cresson (Fr.), Kresse (Ger.), Berro (Sp.i, 



Used for salad during winter and 
inches apart. 
Curled or Pepper €rra$$. Not I 

much used in tliis section. | 

Broacl-Licaved. This variety is ex- | 

tensive) y eullivated for the market. It j 

is sown from early fall to late spring. I 



spring. Sow broad-cast or in drills six 

The leaves resemble Water Cress ; a 
variety which does not well succeed 
here. Is considered a very wholesome 
dish. 



CUCUMBER. 

Concombre (Fr.), Gurke (Ger.), Pepino (Sp.). 



Improred Earhj WJnte Spine. 
Earhj Frame. 
Long Green Tnrkei/. 



Early Cluster. 

Long Green White Spj'me. 

Ghei'kin, or Burr (for plchilug}. 



Cucumbers need a rich soil. Plant in hills frotn three to four feet apart; the 
hills should be made rich with well decomposed manure, and eight to ten seeds 
should be planted in each hill, and covered about one-half inch deep; when well 
up, thin out to four plants in the hill till the vines meet. When the spring is dry 
the plants have to be watered, else they do not keep in bearing long. They can 
be planted from March till July. A great many cucumbers are planted here in 
February, or even sooner, and are protected by small boxes with a pane of glass 
on top. These boxes are removed during the day, and put back in the evening. 
When days are cloudy and cold, the plants are kept covered. 



u 



KICHAKD tEOTSCHER'S ALMANAC AND GARDEN MANUAL 



Improved Early ^l^liite Spine. 

This is the most popular variety. It is 
of medium size, light green, covered 
with white spines, and turns white when 
ripe. The best Icind for shipping. Of 
late years it is used by most gardeners 
for forcing as well as outdoor culture. 
It is very productive. 

£ai*ly Frame. Another early va- 
riety, but not so popular as the fore- 
going kind. It is deep green in color, 
but turns yellow very quickly; there- 
fore gardeners do not plant it much. 

l^OEig- Oreeai Turkey. A long va- 
riety attaining a length of from fifteen 
to eighteen inches when w^ell grown. 
Yery fine and productive. 

Early C Buster. Early, short and 
prickly ; it bears in clusters. 



Eong^ Oreen Wiiite Spine or 
I^ew Orleans Market. This is a va- 
riety selected from an imported forcing 
cucumber introduced by me. It is good 
for forcing or open ground ; very pro- 
ductive, keeps its green color, and has 
few vines. This kind can not be ex- 
celleel for shipping, as it produces very 
perfect cucumbers and but few culls ; 
\ the largest growers of cucumbers for 
i shipping about here i-lant none but this 
' variety. It is (luite different from the 
: Long White Hpine offered by some. 

litest India Olierkin. This is an 
! oval variety, siuall in size. It is used 
I for pickling when young and tender. 
I When grown to its full size it can be 
I stewed with meat. In fact, this is the 
i onlv use made of it about New Orleans. 





Kurlv Frame. 




West India tiherkin. 



Early Clust<!r. 



FOR THE SOUTHERN STATES. 



45 





Large Purple Epg-Plant. 



EGG-PLANT. 

Aubergine (Fr.), Eierpflanze (Ger.), Berengena (Sp.j. 

The seed should be sown in hot-beds in the early part of January. When a 
couple of inches high they should be transplanted into another frame, so that the 
plants may become strong and robust. When warm enough, generally during 
March, the plants can be placed in the open ground, about two and a half feet 
apart. This vegetable is very popular in tlie South, and extensively cultivated. 



LiSirg^c PBii'ple, or New OrSeaais 

Market. This is the only kind grown 
here ; it is large, oval in shape and of a 
dark purple color and very productive. 
Southern growm seed of this, as of a 
good many other troiHcal or sub-trop- 
ical vegetables, it is preferable to North- 
ern seed, as it will germinate more 



readily, and the plant will last longer 
during the hot season. 

£arly I>\varf Ova3. This variety 
is very early and i^roductive ; the fruit is 
not so large as the New Orleans Egg- 
Plant, but equal in flavor. For market 
it will not sell as well as the former ; 
desirable for familv garden. 



ENDIVE. 

Chicoree (Fr.), Endivien (Ger.), Endibia (Sp.). 

A salad plant which is very popular and much cultivated for the market, prin- 
•cipally for summer use. It can be sown in drills a foot apart, and, when the plants 
are well up, thinned out till about eight inches apart. Or it can be sown broad- 
cast thinly and transplanted the same 
as Lettuce. When the leaves are large 
enough, say about eight inches long, 
tie them up for blanching, to make 
them fit for the table. This can only 
be done in dry weather, otherwise the 
leaves are apt to rot. For summer use 
do not sow before the end of March, as 
if sown sooner, the plants will run into 
seed very early. Sow for a succession 
during the spring and summer 
months. For winter use sow in Sep- 
tember and October. ^,,e^„ (^.,,,j,^ P^^^i,.,,, 







46 



RICHARD FROTSCHER'S ALMANAC AND GARDEN MANUAL 



Oreeii Curled. Is the most desir- 
able kind, as it stands more heat than 
the following- sort, and is tlie favorite 
market variety. 

Extra Fiaie CurSed. Does not grow 
quite so large as the foregoing, and is 



more apt to decay when there is a wet 
summer. Better adapted for winter. 
Broad-L,eaved, or Escarolle. 

Makes a fine salad when well grown 
and blanclied, especially for summer. 



KOHL-RABI, or TURNIP-ROOTED CABBAGE. 

Chou Navet (Fr.j, Kohl-Kabi (Ger.), Col de Nabo (Sp.). 
This vegetable is very popular with the European population of this city, and 
largely cLiltivated here. It is used for soups, or prepared in the same manner as 
Cauliflower. For late fall and winter use it should be sown from the end of July 
till the middle of October ; for spring use, during January and Februarv. When 
the young plants are one month old transplant them in rows one foot apart, and 
"Tji about the same distance in the rows. 

They also grow finely if sown broad-cast 
A mh Vf<^/^ h 111/ '"^^^^ thinned out when young, so that 

the plants are not too crowded ; or, they 
may be sown in drills, and cultivated 
the same as Euta Eagas. 



Early T^^Siite VJesiaia. The finest 
variety of all, and the only kind I keep. 
It is early, forms a smooth bulb, and has 
few small leaves. The so-called large 
White or Green is not desirable. 

LEEK. 

PoiREAU (Fr.), Laugh (Ger.i, Puero (Sp.). 

A species of Onion, highly esteemed 
for flavoring soups. Should be sown 
broad-cast and transplanted, when 
about six to eight inches high, into rows 
a foot apart, and six inches apart in the 
rows. Should be planted at least four 
inches deep. They require to be well 
cultivated in order to secure large roots. 
Sow in October for winter and spring 
use, and in January and February, for 
summer. 

L.arg-e Eondoii Flagr* Is the most 
desirable kind, and the most generally 
grown. 

Earge Carentaai. This is a new 
French variety which grows to a very 
large size. 




Efirlv White Vienna K( hl-Kabi. 




Large Loudon Flag Leek. 



FOR THE SOUTHERN STATES. 



47 



LETTUCE. 

Laitue (Fr.), Lattich (Ger.), Lechuga (Sj).). 



White Paris Co.s'x. 

Perpignan. 

Improved Large Pa^Hioii. 



Earhj Cabbage, or IVJilte Batter- Head. 

Improved liogal Cabbage. 

Brown Datcli Cabbage, 

Drumhead Cabbage. 

Lettuce is sown here duriag the whole year by the market gardener. Of course 
it takes a great deal of labor to produce this vegetable during our hot summer 
months. For directions how to sprout the seed during that time, see "Work for 
June." The richer and better the ground the larger the head will be. No liner 
Lettuce is grown anywhere else than in New Orleans during fall and spring. The 
seed should be sown broad-cast, and when large enough, planted out in rows a foot 
apart, and from eight to ten inches apart in the rows. Some kinds grow larger 
than others ; for instance, Butterhead will not reiiuire as much space as Drumhead 
or Perpignan. 




Drumlieud C'abbace Lettuce. 




Early ("al^hage or White Butter. 




uiproved Royal Cabbage Lottaee. 

Early Cal>S>a§re, or l¥liite But- 
ter. An early variety, forming a solid 
head, but not quite so large as some 
others. It is the best kind for family 
use, to sow during fall and early spring, 
as it is very early and of good flavor. 

Improvecl Royal CaB>l>asre. This 
is the most popular variety in this State. 
Heads light green, of large size, and 
about two weeks later than the White 
Butter. It is very tender and crisp ; can 
be sown later in the spring than the 




\\\\\X< Pins ( OSS Lettuce 

foregoing kind, and does not run into 
seed so quickly. 

Browia DiitrJa Cal>f)a§:e. A very 
hardy kind, forms a solid head; not so 
po[)ular as many other kinds ; good for 
winter. 

Driiiiihcad Cal)2>age. An excel- 
lent spring variety, forming large heads, 
the outei- leaves curled. 

'White Paris Coss. Tliis is very 
])0!)ular with the New Orleans market 
gardeners, as it is the favorite with the 



48 



RICHARD FROTSCHER'S ALMANAC AND GARDEN MANUAL 



French population. It grows to perfec- 
tion and forms large, fine heads, partic- 
ularly" in the spring of the year. 

Perpig'naii. A fine German variety 
which forms large, light green heads, 
and which stands the heat better than 
the Eoj^al. It is much cultivated for the 
market, as it thrives well when sown 
during the latter end of spring. 

Improved tiarg^e Pa§§ioBi. This 



is a large Cabbage Lettuce introduced 
by me from California ; it attains a large 
size, grows slowly, but heads very hard. 
It does better here during late autumn 
and winter than in summer, as it cannot 
stand the heat. If sown late in the fall 
and transplanted during winter, it grows 
to very large heads, hard and firm. It 
is the kind shipped from here in the 
spring. 



MELON. 

MUSK OR CANTELOUPE. 

Melon (Fr.), Meloxe (Ger.), Melon (Sp.). 



Netted Nutmeg. 
Netted Citron. 
Pine Apple. 



Early White Japan. 
Persian or Casmba. 
New Orleans Market. 



Melons require a rich sandy loam. If the ground is not rich enough, a couple 
of shovels full of rotted manure should be mixed into each hill, which ought to be 
from five to six feet apart ; drop ten or twelve seeds, and when the plants have two 
or three rough leaves, thin out to three or four plants. Canteloupes are cultivated 
very extensively in the neighborhood of New Orleans ; the quality is very fine and 
far superior to those raised in the North. Some gardeners plant during February 
and cover with boxes, the same as described for Cucumbers. When Melons are 
ripening, too much rain will impair the flavor of the fruit. 




Note— Tiie above cut represents the New Orleans Melon; it has been taken fro: 
men grown by one of my customers, who raises the seed of this variety for me. 



a con\mon spoc; 



FOR THE SOUTHERN STATES. 



49 



Netted NiitEnes: Melon. Small 
oval melon, roughly netted, early, and 
of fine flavor. 

Netted Citron Canteloiipe. This 
variety is larger than the foregoing kind ; 
it is more rounded in shape, of medium 
size and roughly netted. 

Pine Apple Canteloupe. A me- 
dium sized early variety, oval in shape, 
and of very fine flavor. 

Early H^liite Japan Cante- 
loupe. An early kind, of creamish 
white color, very sweet, and of medium 
size. 

Persian or Cassaba. A large va- 
riety, of oval shape and delicate flavor. 
The rind of this kind is very thin, which 
is a disadvantage in handling, and pre- 
vents it from being planted for the mar- 
ket. Yery fine for family use. 

New Orleans Market. A large 
species of the citron kind. It is exten- 
sively grown for this market ; large in 
size, very roughly netted and of luscious 



flavor; different altogether from the 
Northern Netted Citron, which is earlier, 
but not so fine in flavor, and not half 
the size of the variety grown here. The 
New Orleans Market cannot be excelled 
by any other variety in the world. In a 
favorable season it is a perfect gem. I 
have tried it alongside of varieties prais- 
ed at the North, such as are brought out 
every year, — but none of them could 
compare with the New Orleans Market. 
As for some years past the seeds were 
scarce I had some grown North, but 
they lost their fine qualities, size and 
flavor. It requires a Southern sun to 
bring the seed to perfection. Small va- 
rieties of melons will imi^rove in size if 
cultivated hci.e for a number of years, 
and if care is taken that no Cucumbers, 
Squashes, Gourds or Pumpkin are culti- 
vated in the vicinity. If the best and 
earliest specimens are selected for seed, 
in three or four years the fruit will be 
large and fine. 



MELON 



WATEK. 

Melon d'Eau (Tr.), Wassermelone (Ger.), Sandia (Sp.) 

Mountain Sweet. 
Mountain Sprout. 



Improved Gipsen. 
Ice-Cream {White Seeded). 
Orange WatQr. 
Battle Snake. 



Cuban Queen. 
Mammoth Iron Clad. 
Pride of Georgia. 
Kolb Gem. 
Florida's Favorite. 
Oemler's Triumpli. 



Water Melon will grow and produce in places where Canteloupe will not do 
well. The soil for this plant should be light and sandy. Plant in hills about eight 
feet apart, eight to twelve seeds in a hill; when the plants are well up thin out to 
three. The plants should be hoed often, and the ground between the hills kept 
clean till the vines touch. 

Mountain Sweet l^a- 
ter. This was once a very 
popular variety ; it is of ob- 
long shape, flesh bright 
scarlet, and of good flavor. 
It is very ])roductive. 

Monntaias Sprout Wa- 
ter. This is similar in the 
shape to the foregoing va- 
riety, but rather later. It 





50 



BICHA.RD FROTSCHER's ALMANAC AND GARDEN MANUAL 



is light green with irregu- 
lar stripes of dark green. 
Flesh bright scarlet. 
Improved Oapsey. 

This is a lately intro- 
duced variety, which has 
come into general culti- 
vation. It is very large, 
oblong, and of a dark 
green color, striped and 
mottled with light green. 
Flesh scarlet and of deli- 
cious flavor. This i& 
without any exception 
the best market variety- 
Ice-Cream, (Whitb 
Seeded . ) A medium sized 
variety of excellent qual- 
ity. It is early and very 
productive. Being thin 
in the rind it is not so well 
adapted for the market 
as the other kinds ; not- 
withstanding this, it is grown exclusively by some for that, on account of its earli- 
ness. It has come into general cultivation more and more every year, as it is very 
sweet, and sells readily in the market. 




Improved Gipsey Melon. 



Orang'e Water, Quite a distinct 
variety from the others. The rind can 
be peeled off the same as the skin of an 
orange. It is of medium size, fair qual- 
ity. Very little cultivated. 

Rattle Snake. An old Southern 
variety which has come into notice of 
late years. It is of large size, the green 
not quite so dark as the Gipsey, but the 
stripes larger ; fine market variety. It 
stands transportation better than most 
other kinds; has been the standard 
market variety till the Kolb's Gem was 
introduced. However, it always will 
remain a favorite with market-gar- 
deners. The seed I offer of this variety, 
is grown for me by one of the best 
growers in Georgia. It is of the purest 
strain that can be found. 

Cuban Queen* A striped variety ; 
highly recommended by Northern 
seedsmen ; said to reach from fifty to 
seventy pounds. Sweet and of delicate 
flavor ; it does not grow as large here as 
said it does North. 

Manimotli Iron Clad. A new 
variety; highly recommended North. 



It did not do as well as Southern raised 
seed. I have the seed now grown in 
Florida, and, no doubt it will give better 
satisfaction. 

Pride of Oeorg^ia. A new Melon 
from Georgia, of excellent quality ; at- 
tains a large size when well cultivated. 
A very good variety for family use. 

The Kolb Gem. Only a few years 
since this variety has, been introduced, 
but the shipping qualities are so good, 
that the bulk of melons raised for the 
market are of that kind. Flesh crimson,, 
very thin but tough rind ; fine flavor and 
full of flesh, no hollow in the middle. 
It is the heaviest melon for its size. 
What I offer are Southern grown seeds, 
which stand the sun better and produce 
larger and more Melons than Northern 
grown seeds. 

Florida's Favorite. This is a 
novelty from last year. It originated 
with W. M. Girardeau, of Monticello, 
Fla. It is an excellent variety, very 
l^rolific, earlier than the Kolb Gem, 
Rattlesnake or Pride of Georgia, and 
very fine for the table. It is not as good 



FOR THE SOUTHEEN STATES. 



61 



for shipping as the Kolb Gem, or Kattle- 
snake ; it is of medium size, colored with 
light and dark green stripes alternately, 
flesh deep red, deliciously sweet, very 
firm and crisp. Best Melon. for family 
use. 

Oemler's Trinmpli llVater ]?Iel- 

on. This new Melon originated on the 
borders of the Black Sea, in Russia. 
The seeds are so diminutive that a No. 
6 thimble will hold 55 of them, whereas 
it holds only 7 of those of our ordinary 
water melon seeds, hence they can be 
swallowed without inconvenience. It 
is very early and very productive. In 




Oemlera Triumph Water Melon. 




Mammoth Iron Clad Melon. 




Florida's Favorite Melon. 



52 



KICHAED FEOTSCHER S ALMANAC AND GAEDEN MANUAL 



shape it is a short oval, weighing about 15 lbs., more or less. The color is a dark 
mottled green, and that of the flesh a dark red with an edging of orange yellow. 
It has no light colored or tasteless core. Its flavor is very sweet. Good for family use. 




Pride of Georgia Melon. 



0^1:^^, 




Kolh riem Melon. 



FOR THE SOUTHERN STATES. 



53 



MUSTARD. 

MouTARDE (Fr.), Senf (Ger.), Mostaza iSp.). 

White or Yellow Seeded. \ Large-Leaved, Curled. 

Chinese very large Cabbaae- Leaved. 

This is grown to quite an extent in the Southern States, and is sown broad-cast 
during fall, winter and spring. It maybe used the same as spinach, or boiled with 
meat as greens. The White or Yellow Seeded is very little cultivated, and is used 
chiefly for medical pur[)oses, or pickling. The Large-leaved or Curled has black 
seed, a distinct kind from the Northern or European variety. The seed is raised 
in Louisiana. It makes very large leaves ; cultivated more and more every year. 



l.arg:e-L.eave€l Curled. This is 
the favorite kind here, sown largely for 
the market. Leaves are pale green, large 
and curled or scalloped on the edges. 

Chinese Very L-arge Cabtoage- 



ILeaved. This is a European variety, 
with light green very large leaves. It 
has not the same taste as the large- 
leaved or the large curled, but will stand 
longer before going to seed. 



NASTURTIUM. 

Capuciisie (Fr.), Indianisghe Kresse (Ger.), Capuchina (Sp.). 

Tall. I Dwarf. 

Planted here only for ornament. (For description, see List of Climbing 
Plants.) 

OKRA. 

Green Tall Growing. \ Dwarf Green. \ New Velvet. 

This is a highly esteemed vegetable in the South, and no garden, whether small 
or large, is without it. It is used in making "Gumbo," a dish the Creoles of 





New Velvet. 




rail (.rowino- Qk, 



54 KICHAKD FKOTSCHER's ALMANAC AND GAKDEN MANUAL 



Louisiaua know how to prepare better than any other nationality. It is also boiled 
in salt and water, and served with vinegar as a salad, and is considered a very 
wholesome dish. Should not be planted before the ground is warm in spring as the 
seeds are apt to rot. Sow in drills, which ought to be two to three feet apart, and 
when up, thin out, and leave one or two plants every twelve or tifteea inches. 

Tall OrowiBBg:. This is the variety , vated here in this locality for some 



most cultivaied here. The pods are 
long, round towards the end, and keep 
tender longer than the square podded 
kind. 

1> warf Oreen. This is a very early 
and prolific variety, and remains tender 
longer than any other. It has come 
into general cultivation, planted much 
more than the tali. It may be said 
here, that all dwarf varieties, when culti- 



years, will grow taller every year. 

Ne^' Velvet. A new variety ; dwarf, 
round, smooth pods, free from ridges 
and seams, and not prickly to the touch ; 
very prolific and early. I tried this 
variety the last two years, and sold a 
good deal of the seed last year. It has 
come up to what is claimed for it. Ire- 
commend it to all who have not tried it. 



ONION. 

Ognon (Fr. I, ZwiEBEL (Ger.). Cebolla (Sp.). 
Lindsmna or Creole. \ Keir White Queen. 

The Onion is one ol: the most important vegetables, and is grown to a large ex- 
tent in Louisiana. It is one of the surest crops to be raised, and always sells. 
Thousands of barrels are shipped in Spring from liere to the Western and Northern 
States. There is one peculiar feature about raising Onions here, and that is, they 
can only be raised from Southern or so-called Creole seed. No seed from North. 
West, or any part of Euroiie, will produce a merchantable Onion in the South. 
When the crop of Creole seed is a failure, and they are scarce, they will bring a 
good price, having been sold as high as ten dollars a pound, when at the same time 
Northern seed could be had for one-fourth of that price. Northern raised seed can 
be sown to be used green, but as we have Shallots here which grow during the 
whole autumn and winter, and multiply ver}^ rapidly, the sowing of seed for green 
Onions is not profitable. Seed ought to be sown from the middle of September to 
the end of October : if sown sooner, too many will throw up seed stalks. When 
the month of September has boon dry and hot, the beds where the seeds are sown 
ought to be covered with moss. Where this cannot be had, palmettos can be used, 
but they should be taken off in the evening and rei)laced in the morning. When 
the seeds are well up, this is no longer necessary, but watering should be continued. 
—They are generally sown broad-cast, and when the size of a goose quill should be 
transplanted into rows one to two feet apart, and about five inches in the rows. 
Onions are dilTerent, in regard to rotation, from other vegetables. They do best if 
raised on the same ground for a succession of years. Onions did not bring very 
high prices, owing to the very heavy yield, the largest ever made in Louisiana upon 
the same acreage. The crop of seed has been short the past season, and prices so 
high that it was impossible to sow any for sets. Could not fill orders received in 
the latter part of the season ; seeds were sold out. 

JLoutsiana or Creole Onion. This been selling, of this kind, for a number 

is generally of a light red color, darker of years, has been raised on Bayou La- 

thantheStrassburg, and lighter in color fourche, and has never failed to make 

than the Wethersfield. The seed I have fine large Onions. 



roR THE southp:kn states. 




The croi) of Creole Onion seed having failed some years ago, I sold a good deal 
of Italian seed and had ample opportunity to see the results. The Giant Eoca I 
have discarded ; it takes too long to bulb and is very spongy. The Bermuda and 
Ked Tripoli have done fairly, but the Onions do not mature as early as the Creole, 
and do not keep so well, although attaining a very large size, and more so the Ber- 
muda. They are of mild flavor, and well adapted to be used up in spring; but I 
would not recommend them to be raised for shipping, except the White Queen. 



JVen^ it"<^^n* Tliis 
sized, white variety from Italy, very 
early and flat; can be sown as late as 
February, and good sized bulbs will yet 



NEW ITALIAN ONIONS, 
is a medium i be obtained. 



It is of mild flavor and 
very fine when boiled and dressed for 
the table. It can not be too highly 
recommended. 



56 RICHAED FROTSCHER's ALMANAC AND GARDEN MANUAL 

SHALLOTS. 

ECHALLOTTE (Ff.), SCHALOTTEN (Ger.). 

A small sized Onion which grows in clumps. It is generally grown in the South, 
and used in its green state for soups, stew, etc. There are two varieties, the Red 
and White ; the latter variety is the most popular. In the fall of the year the bulbs 
are divided and set out in rows a foot apart, and four to six inches in the rows. They 
grow and multiply very fast, and can be divided during winter, and set out again. 
Late in spring, wheu-the tops become dry, they have to be taken up, thoroughly 
dried, and stored in a dry airy place. 

PARSLEY. 

Persil (Fr.), Petersilie (Ger.i, Perjil (Sp.). 
Plain Leaved. r Improved Garnishing. 

Double Curled. \ 

Parsley can be sown during the fall from August to October, and during 
spring, from the end of January to the end of April. It is generally sown broad-cast. 
Plain Leaved. This is the kind , flavor as the other kind, but is not so 

raised for the New Orleans market. popular. 

Iniproved OarEiisliiaig^. This is 
Double Curled. The leaves of this | the best kind to ornament a dish ; it has 
variety are curled. It has the same i the same flavor as the other kinds. 

PARSNIP. 

Panais (Fr.), Pastinake iGer. \ Pastinaca iSp.). 
Hollow Crown, or Sugar. 
Should be sown in deep, mellow soil, deeply spaded, as the roots are long, in 
drills twelve to eighteen inches apart; when the plants are three inches high, thin 
out to three inches apart in the row. Sow from September to November for winter, 
and January to March for spring and summer crops. 
TSie Hollow CroAVBS, or Sug-ar, i sesses all the good qualities for which 



is the kind generally cultivated ; it pos- 



other varieties are recommended. 



PEAS. 

Pois (Fr.j. Erbse i^Ger.,), Guisante (Sp. ). 

EARLIEST. 

Cleveland's Alaska, 2h feet. i Earl'j Tom Thumb, I foot. 

Extra Earlij, or First and Best, 21 feet. j La.rton's Alpha, 3 feet. 

Earhj Washington, 3 feet. i America u Wonder, Ih feet. 

SECOND CROP. 

Bishop's Dwarf Long Pod, Ihfeet. McLean's Little Gem, 1\ feet. 

Chamxjion. of England, 5 feet. Laxton's Prolific Long Pod, 3 feet. 

McLean's Advancer, 3 feet. Eugenie, 3 feet. 

Carter's Stratagem, 21 feet. i Carter's Telephone, 5 feet. 



Dwarf Blue Imperial, 3 feet. 
Royal Dwarf Marrow, 3 feet. 
Black Eyed Marrowfat, 4 feet. 



GENERAL CROP. 

Large White Marrowfat, 4 feet. 
Dwarf Sugar, -lifeet. 
Tall Sugar, G feet. 



FOR THE SOUTHERN STATES, 



57 



Peas are a fine vegetable, and therefore are very generally cultivated. It is 
best to plant in ground manured the previous year, else they will make more vines 
than peas. As a general thing the dwarf kinds require richer ground than the 
tall growing varieties. Marrowfa.t Peas planted in ricli ground will not bear well, 
but they produce finely in sandy light soil. 

The Extra Early, Tom Thumb, or Laxton's Alpha will not produ(;e a large 
crop without being in rich ground. Peas have to be planted in drills two inches 
deep and from two to three feet apart, according to the height they may grow. 
Tom Thumb can be planted one foot apart, whereas White Marrowfat or Cham- 
pion of England require three feet. The Extra Early, Alpha and Tom Thumb can 
be planted during August and September for fall. During November and Decem- 
ber we plant the Marrowfats ; January and February, as late as March, all kinds 
can be planted, but for the latter month only the earliest varieties should be used, 
as the late varieties will get mildewed before they bring a crop. Peas will bear 
much better if some brush or rods are stuck in the drills to supi)ort them, except 
the very dwarf kinds. 



Cleveland's Alaska. This is an 
extra early Pea, blue in color, the ear- 
liest by a few days of any other kind ; 
very pure and prolific, the best flavored 
pea among the Extra Early smooth 
podded kinds. Recommend it highly. 



Extra Eaaiy. or First aeid Kest. 

This w^as the earliest Pea cultivated, 
until the Alaska was introduced; very 
popular with the small market garden- 
ers here, who have rich grounds. It is 
very productive and good flavored. The 




58 



RICHARD FROTSCHEk'S ALMANAC AND GARDEN MANUAL 



stock I sell is as good as any sold in the 
country, not surpassed by any, no mat- 
ter whose name is put before ''Extra 
Early." 

£»rEy T^asEaiBigtoiB, E«Biy May 
or Frame, which are all nearly the 
same thing ; is about ten days later than 
the Extra Early. It is very productive 
and keeps longer in bearing than the 
foregoing kind. Pods a little smaller. 
Yery popular about New Orleans. 

T©SBi Tlfiuinlb. Very dwartish and 
quite productive. Can be cultivated in 
rows a foot apart : requires no bran<dies 
or sticks. 

LaxtOBi's Alpha. This is a variety 
of recent introduction ; it is the earliest 
wrinkled variety in cultivation ; of deli- 
cious flavor and very prolific. This va- 
riety deserves to be recommended to all 
who like a first-class pea. It will come 
into general cultivation when better 
known. 

Amerlcati ^Wonder. A wrinkled 
pea of dwarf growth, 10 to 12 inches ; 
it is prolific, early and of fine quality ; 
it comes in after the Extra Early. 

Bislaop's Dwai-f luOMg Pod. An 
early dwarf variety : very stout and 
branching ; requires no sticks but sim- 
ply the earth drav^^n around the roots. 
It is very productive and of excellent 
quality. 

ClBainptoiB of England. Agreen, 
wrinkled variety of very line flavor; not 
mended for family use. 

Mcl^eaiB's AdvanceB-. This is an- ; 
other green, wrinkled variety, about two \ 
weeks earlier than the foregoing kind. 

McI^eaBi's Little OesBB. A dwarf, i 
wrinkled variety of recent introduction. I 
It is early, very prolific and of excellent ! 
flavor. Eequires no sticks. ' 

L.a:xtOBB'8 ProlBtie JLobbi^ Pod. A 
green marrow ]>ea of good quality. : 
Pods are long and well filled. It is sec- 
ond early, and can be recommended ; 
for the use of market gardeners, being i 
very prolific. ' 

£ug:eBBfle. A white wrinkled variety, | 
of fine flavor; it is of the same season | 
as the Advancer. Cannot be loo highly ■ 
recommended for family use. 

CaB"teB''s gtratag^eBBi. This is a | 
new wrinkled variety from England, I 




r^i ▼-■TV/ 

Garter's Stratagem. 

profitable for the market, but recom- 

sold by me for the first time last year. 
It is very distinct in vine and foliage, 
growing thick and large, does not need 
any supi>ort. It is the latest variety ever 
brought out, pods 4— 5i inches long, 
which cannot be surpassed in flavor and 
is very productive. Eecoramend it 
highly. 

CaB-tt'i-'s T«»lepIioaie. Another 
wrinkled English late variety; grows 
about from 4| to 5 feet high. The pods 
are very long containing from 8—12 fine 
flavored Peas. It is ]iroductive; will 
bear twice as much as the Champion of 
England which is about of. the same 
season. 

Dwarf BliBe iBBBpes'sal, A very 
good bearer if })lanted early; pods are 
large and well filled. 



KOK THK SOin'HEUN STATKS. 



51) 




^'1 



Carter's Telephoao, 




Extra Earlv. or First and Best. 



Ko^'al Dwarf x1S»i'b-ow. Similar ! 
to the large Marrowfat, but of dwarf j 
habit. \ 

Black-eyed ITIai'rowf'at. This I 
kiad is planted more for the market I 
than any other. It is very productive, j 
and when young, quite tender. Grows i 
about four feet high. ■ 

Liarge ^Vhite marrowfat. Simi- | 
lar to the last variety, except that it '' 



grows about two feet taller, and is less 
productive. 

I>warf Sug-ar. A variety of which 
the whole pod can be used after the 
string is drawn off from the back of the 
pod. Three feet high. 

Tall Stig'ar. Has the same qualities 
as the foregoing kind, only grows taller, 
and the pods are somewhat larger. 
Neither of these two varieties are very 
popular here. 



THE PEA BUG. 

All peas grown near Philadeli)hia have small holes in them, caused by the 
sting of the Pea Bug, while the pod is forming, when it deposits its efi;^^ in.it. Later 
the insect perfects itself a)id comes out of the dry pea, leaving the hole. 

The germ of the pea is never destroyed, and they grow equally as well as those 
without holes. Market gardeners in this neighborhood who have been planting 
the Extra Early Peas for years, will not take them without holes, and consider 
these a trade mark. 



6'0 



EICHAKD FKOTSCHER S ALMANAC AND GARDEN MANUAL 



FIELD OR COW PEAS. 

There are a great many varieties of Cow Peas, different in color and growth. 
They are pk^nted mostly for fertilizing purposes, and are sown broad-cast; when 
in a good stand, and of safficient height, they are plowed under. The Clay Pea is 
the most poimlar. There are several varieties called'crowders, w^hich do not grow 
as tall as the others, but produce a great many pods, which are used green, the 
same as snap-beans, and if dried, like dried beans, make a very good dish. The 
crowders are of an oblong shape, almost pointed at one end ; they are on an aver- 
age larger than the other Field Peas. Lady Peas are small, white, with a black 
eye ; they are generally planted between corn, so that they can run up on it. Dry, 
they are considered the very best variety for cooking. 



PiMENT (Fr 

Bell or Bull Xo.^e. 
Sweet Spanish Mon 
Sweet Rnbij King. 
Golden nawn Mango 
Long Red Cayenne. 



PEPPER. 

Spanischer Pfeffer (Ger.), Pimento (Sp.). 
Red Cherry, 
tron.i. Bird Eye. 

Chill. 
Tabasco. 



Pep])ers are tender and retpure to be raised in the hot-bed. Seed should be 
sown in January, and when large enough transplanted into the ground in rows 
from one and a half to two feet apart, and a foot to a foot and a half in the rows. 
There are more Pe[)pers raised here than in other sections of the country; the hot 
varieties are used for seasoning and making pepper sauce; the mild variety is 
highly esteemed for sala I. Care should be taken not to grow different kinds close 
together, as thev mix verv readilv. 



Sweet SpasaisSi or MoMSti'otis. ; 

A very ])opulnr va.iiety, much culti- 
vated. It is very mild, grows to, a large 
size, taj-ering towards the end, and, ; 
when green, is used as a salad. Supe- ■ 
rior for that i urpose to any other kind. 

Sweet Pepper, Utihy Kieig:. This 
variety grows to a Jarger size than the 
Sweet Si)aDish Monstrous, and is of 
different shape. The fruit is from 5 to 
6 inches long by about 3 to .4 inches in 
diameter, and of a bright red coh-r. It 
is remarkably mild and pleasant in 
flavor, and can be sliced and eaten as a 
salad, the same as the Spanish Mon- 
strous. Single plants ri[-en from 8 to 10 
fruits, making this variety both produc- 
tive and i)roiitable. A decided acquisi- 
tion. 

Ooldeii DawBB i7Iaii§:o. This sweet 
])epper attracted much attention for the , 
last two years, and was admired by all 
who saw it. I believe it to be all the 
originator claims for it. In shape and ' 



size it resembles the Bell. Color, a 
bright wa.ry golden yellow ; very brilliant 
and handsome. Single plants ripen 
from twelve to twenty-four fruits, mak- 
ing them i)roductive and profitable. 
They are entirely exempt from any fier 
taste or flavor, and can be eaten as 
readily as an apple. 

Bell oi'BuSI ^'ose. Is a large ob- 
long variety which is not sweet or mild, 
as thought by some people. The seeds 
are very hot. Used for pickling. 

ILoiag- Red Cayesaiie. Is very hot 
and pungent. CuUivated liere and used 
for pepper sauce and -seasoning pur- 
poses. There are two varieties; one is 
long and straight, and tlie other like 
shown in cut, which is the only kind I 
keej). 

Red Ciaerry. A small roundish va- 
riety, very hot and productive. 

Bird Eye. Small, as the name indi- 
cates. It is very hot and used princi- 
pally for pe])per vinegar. 



FOR THE SOUTHERN STATES. 



61 



\ 



':M'm'^ 








Sweet Popper Pvuby King. 





Long Red Cayenne Pepper. 



Red Cherry Pepper. 



Chili. A small variety, from three- 
fourths to an inch long. It is strong, 
and used for pepper sauce ; very prolific. 

Tabasco. True. Another small va- 



riety, used more for pepper sauces than 
any other kind; the fruit is easily 
gathered, growing almost erect on the 
branches. 



POTATOES 



POMME DE TeREE (Fl 

Earhj Rose. 
Breese':< Feerle^o^. 

E.rtra EarJij Vermont. 



Kartoffel (Ger.). 

Snoiuffake. 
Beaiiiif of Hebron. 
White EJephant. 
Rural Bliinh. 



Potatoes thrive and produce best in a light, dry but rich soil. Well decom- 
posed stable manure is the best, but if not to be had, cotton seed meal, bone dust, 
or any other fertilizer should be used to make the ground rich enough. If the 
ground v^^as planted the fall previous with Cow Peas, which were plowed under, it 



62 RICHAHD FEOTSCHEK's ALMANAC AND GARDEN MANUAL 



will be in good condition for Potatoes, Good sized tubers should be selected for 
planting, which can be cut in pieces not too small ; each piece ought to contain at 
least three eyes. Plant in drills from two to three feet apart, according to the 
space and how to be cultivated afterwards. Field culture two and a half to three 
feet apart ; for garden, two feet will answer. We plant potatoes here from end of 
December to end of March, but the surest time is about the first of February. If 
planted early they should be planted deeper than if planted late, and hilled up as 
they grow. If potatoes are planted shallow and not hilled soon, they will suffer 
more, if caught by a late frost, than if planted deep and hilled up well. Early po- 
tatoes have not the same value here as in the North, as the time of planting is so 
long, and very often the first planting gets cut down by a frost, and a late planting, 
which may just be peeping through the ground, will escape and produce in advance 
of the first planted. A fair crop of potatoes can be raised here if planted in August ; 
if the autumn is not too dry, they will bring nice tubers by the end of November. 
They should not be cut if planted at this time of the year, but planted whole. 
They should be put in a moist place before planting, so thej^ may sprout The 
early varieties are preferable for this time of planting. 

I have been handling several thousand barrels of potatoes every season for 
planting, and make Seed-Potatoes a specialty. The potatoes I sell are Eastern 
grown, which, as every one interested in potato culture knows, are superior and 
preferable to Western grown. 

I have tried and introduced all new kinds here ; but of late so many have come 
out that it is almost impossible to keep up with them. New varieties of potatoes 
come out with fancy prices, but these prices for new potatoes do not pay here, as 
we can keep none over for seed, and any person raising for the market would not 
realize a cent more for a new fancy variety per barrel, than for a barrel of good Peer- 
less or Early Kose. Earliness is no consideration, as we i')lant from December to 
end of March. Somebody may plant Early Kose in December and another in Feb- 
ruary, and those planted in February come to the market first; it depends entirely 
upon the season. If late frosts set in, early planted potatoes will be cut down, and 
those j ust coming out of the ground will not be hurt. The Jackson White has given 
but little satisfaction the last four years, except in cases where planted very early. 
The yield was very good, but the quality poor and very knotty. Perhaps this was 
the fault of the season. It is hardly planted any more for the market. Up to now 
the Peerless is the standard variety. Among the new kinds I have tried, I find the 
White Elephant to be a fine potato. It is a very strong grower, tubers oblong, very 
productive, good quality and flavor. It is late, and will come in at the end of the 
season, if planted with the earlier varieties. The Extra Early Vermont, Beauty of 
Hebron, Snowflake and Early Rose for early, and Peerless and White Elephant for 
late, are as good varieties as exist, and it is not likely that we will have anything 
better by new introductions. The Rural Blush, which I introduced two years ago, 
may be added to the late varieties ; it is of excellent quality, strong grower, and 
yields heavily. Most people are not careful enough in selecting theirseed. Some 
of the potatoes sold in this market for seed are not fit for planting,. 



Eai'SyRose. This is, without any j shouldnot be planted too soon, from the 

doubt, the best potato for the table. | fact that they make small stalks, and 

It is oval, very shallow-eyed, pink- | cut down by frost, they suffer more than 

skinned, very dry, and mealy when ' other varieties; but they want rich, 

boiled. It has not become so popular | light soil to grow to perfection, 

as it deserves as a market variety, as - JBreese's Peerless. Fourteen years 

l>ink or red potatoes do not sell so well I ago this variety was introduced, yet at 

here as the white kinds. This variety ■ present it is the leading variety for mar- 



FOR THE SOUTHERN STATES. 



63 




I 




Snowflake. 



ket as well as for family use. Skin dull 
white, sometimes slightly russetted ; 
eyes few and shallow, round, occa- 
sionally oblong ; grows to a large size ; 
very productive and earlier than the 
Jackson White. As white potatoes are 
more salable than pinkish kinds, and as 
this variety is handsome in appearance, 
and of good quality, it has become the 
general favorite in this section. 

Russets. This kind is still planted 
by some. It is round, reddish and slight- 
ly russetted. Eyes deep and many. 



Very productive, but not so fine a qual- 
ity as some others. Does best in sandy 
soil, such as we have along the lake 
coast. If the season is dry it will do 
well, but in a wet season, this variety 
will rot quicker than any other. 

Extra Early Veranont. Very sim- 
ilar to the Early Rose, but of a stronger 
growth ; a little earlier, and the tubers 
are more uniform and larger. It is an 
excellent table variety. 

ISiioivllake. This is a very early 
variety. Tubers good medium size,. 



64 



RICHARD FROTSCHER's ALMANAC AND GARDEN MANUAL 



elongated, very uniform and quite pro- 
ductive. Eyes flat on the body of tlie 
tuber, but compressed on the seed end. 
Skin white, flesli very fine grained, and 
when boiled, snow-white. 

Be^iuty of Hebroai. I have tried 
this variety thoroughly and found it in 
every particular fis has been repre- 
sented. It is earlier than the Early 
Kose, which resembles it very much, 
being a little lighter and more russetted 
in color. It is very productive and of 



excellent table quality ; more mealy 
than the Early Kose, but smaller. 

l>¥Biate Slepliaait. This variety has 
again given entire satisfaction the past 
season. The tubers are large and of ex- 
cellent quality ; planted alongside of the 
Peerless, it produced fully one third 
more than that variety. 

Rua^al Blush. vSecond early, tubers 
roundish flattened, blush skin, flesh 
slighted with pink. Very dry and of 
excellent quality. A heavy yielder. 



THE SWEET POTATO. 

Convolvulus Batatas. 
The sweet Potato is next to corn the most imi)ortant food crop in the South. 
They area wholesome and nutritious diet, good for man and beast. Though cul- 
tivated to a limited extent on the sandy lands of New Jersey and some of the middle 
States, it thrives best on the light rich lands of the South, which bring their red 
and golden fruits to greatest perfection under the benign rays of a southern sun. It 
is a plant of a warm climate, a child of the sun, much more nutritious than the Irish 
Potato on account of the great amount of saccharine matter it contains, and no 
southern table should be found without it from the first day of August till the last 
day of May. Some plant early in spring the potato itself in the prepared ridges, 
and cut the vine from the potato when large enough, and plant them out; others 
start the potatoes in a bed prepared expressly for that purpose, and slip off the 
sprouts as they come up, and set these out. The latter method will produce the 
earliest potatoes ; others who set the vines, say that they make the largest tubers. 
In preparing the land the soil should be thoroughly pulverized, the ridges laid off 
about five feet apart, well drawn up and rather flat on top. If every thing is ready, 
and time for planting has arrived, do not wait for a rain, make a paste of clay and 
cow manure ; in this dip the roots of the slips and press the earth firmly around 
them. Old slips are more tenacious of life than young ones, and will under cir- 
cumstances answer best. Watering afterwards, if dry weather continues, of course 
will be beneficial. Otherwise plant your vines and slips just before or after a rain. 
Two feet apart in the rows is considered a good distance. The ridges should never 
be disturbed by a plow from the time they are made until the potatoes are ready to 
be dug. 

Scrape off the grass and young weeds with the hoe, and pull up the large ones 
by hand. Crab grass is peculiarly inimical to the sweet potato, and should be 
carefully kept out of the patch. The vines should never be allowed to take root 
between the rows. Sweet potatoes should be dug before a heavy frost occurs ; a 
very light one will do no harm. The earth should be dry enough to keep it from 
sticking to. the potatoes. The old fashionel potato bank is the best 'arrangement 
for keeping them, the main points being a dry place and ventilation. 
Varieties generalhj cultivated in the Souih. 
The YaiM. Taking into considera- 
tion quality and productiveness, the 
Yam stands at the head of the list. 



Frequentl3% when baked, the saccharine 
matter in the shape of candy will be seen 
hanging to them in strings. Skin and 
flesh yellow and very sweet. Without 
a doubt, the best potato for family use. 



§oigtherfiB ^meeii. Very similar to 
the former, but smoother, the tubers 
having no veins or very few ; it is earlier. 

ShaBBg^haii or CaBsfornJa Vmia, 

This is the earliest variety we have, 
frequently, under favorable circum- 
stances, giving good sized tubers two 
months after planting the \iue. Very 



FOR THE SOUTHERN STATES. 



productive, having given 300 bushels per white or yellow, flesh white, dry and 

acre when planted early and on rich mealy, in large specimens frequently 

land. Is almostthe only kind cultivated stringy, 
for the New Orleans market. Skin dull u 

There are some other varieties of Sweet Potatoes highly prized in the West, but 
not appreciated here. The Ked and Yellow Nansemond are of a fine quality and 
productive, but will not sell so well as the California Yam, when taken to market. 
For home consumi:>tion they are fine7 and deserve to be cultivated. 



Kentucky Field 
Large Cheese. 



PUMPKIN, 

PoTiRON (Fr.), KiiRBiss (Ger.), Calabaza (Sp.). 

I Cashaw Ci'ook Neck. ( Green Striped . ) 



Golden Yellow Mammoth. 



Are generally grown in the field, with the exception of the Cashaw, which is 
planted in the garden ; but great care must be taken not to plant them close to 
Squashes or Melons, as they will mix and spoil their (luality. Plant in hills from 
eight to twelve feet apart. 




Golden Yellow Mammoth. 



Kcnteicky Field. Large round, 
soft shell, salmon color; very jiroduc- 
tive ; best for stock. 

Large Cheese. This is of a bright 
orange, sometimes salmon color, fine 
grained, and used for table or for stock 
feeding. 

Cashaw Crook Neck. This is 
very extensively cultivated in the South 
for table use. There are two kinds, one 
all yellow and the other green striped 
with light yellow color. The latter is 
the preferable kind ; the flesh is fine 



grained, yellow and very sweet. It 
keeps well. This variety takes the place 
here of the Winter Squashes, which are 
very little cultivated. 

Ooldeii Yello^v Mamnioth. This 
is a very large Pumpkin. Flesh and skin 
are of a bright golden color, fine grained 
and of good quality, I had some 
brought to the store weighing one hun- 
dred to one hundred and fifty pounds, 
raised on land which w^as not manured 
or fertilized. 



66 



RICHARD FROTSCHER S ALMANAC AND GARDEN MANUAL 



RADISH. 

PtADiES, Have (Fr.), Radies, Rettig (Ger.), Rabano (Sp.j. 

Earl ij Long Scarlet. Scarlet Half Long French . 

Chartler's Long. . Scarlet OUre-sJia.pecl, WJdte- Tipped or 

Earlij Scarlet Taridp. French Breakfast. 

Golden Globe. Black Sjxin'cih ( Winter). 

Earlg Scarlet Olive-shaped. Chinese Rose {Winter). 
White Summer Turnip. 

This is a very popular vegetable, and grown to a large extent. The ground for 
radishes should be rich and mellow. The early small varieties ean be sown broad- 
cast among other crops, such as beets, peas, spinach, or where lettuce has been 
transplanted. Early varieties are sown in this section the whole year, but during 
summer they require frequent watering to malce them giow quickly. The Golden 
Globe and White Summer Turnip are best for planting during the summer months. 
The Half Long Scarlet French is the only red kind raised for the New Orleans 
market, and all the other cities in the United States taken together do not use as 
many of that one variety as New Orleans does. I have sold nearly two thousand 
l)ounds of the seed per annum for the last twelve years. 

Early l^oaig: Scarlet. This is a very 
desirable variety; it is of a bright scar- 
let color ; short top and very brittle. 

Chai-tiei-'s ILong: Radish. A new 

long Radish, described as deep crimson 
colored at the top, shading off lighter 
until at the bottom it becomes white. 
My trials with this variety have not 



been satisfactory ; the roots are larger, 
but not very symmetrical, and not bet- 
ter in flavor than the long scarlet. Never 
will become a favorite here. 

Early Scarlet Turnip. A small, 
round variety, the favorite kind for fa- 
mily use. It is very early, crisp and 
mild when young. 

Oolden Globe. This stands the 
heat better than the foregoing kinds. 
It is of an oblong shape, and of a beau- 
tiful bright yellow color. It should be 
sown very thinly. Best adapted for 
summer and fall sowing. The variety 
I keep is of the finest strain, and as good 
as any ever sold. 

Early Scarlet Olive-sliaped. 
This is similar to the Half Long French, 
but shorter, and not quite so bright in 
color. It is early and of good quality. 
Top short. 

IfVhite Sum uier Turnip. This is 
a summer and fall variety. Oblong in 
shape, skin white, stands the heat well, 
but not much used. 



Scarlet Half I.on§r French. 

This is the most popular Radish for the 
market. It is of a bright scarlet color, 
and when well grown, from two to three 
inches long, very brittle and tender. 

Scarlet Olive-shaped. White 
tipped, or French Breakfast. A 
handsome Radish of the same shape as 




Early Long Scarlet. 



FOK THE SOUTHERN STATES. 



()7 




-r-^i^'nr- 



^ 



\ ^>^i 



Early Sc-.u-let Turiiiy. Scarlet Half 

the foregoing kind, with end and root ' 
white. Quite tender. 

BIsick. Spanish. (Winter.) This 
is sown during fall and early winter. 
It is oval in shape, very solid, and stands 
considerable cold weather without be- 
ing hurt. It can be sown broad-cast be- 
tween Turnips, or planted in rows a 



Frouch. GoMcn (ilobc. 

foot apart, thinned out from three to 
four inches in the rows. 
"• Cliiiiese Rose. (Winter.) This is 
of ixlhiiU long shape, bright rose color. 
It is as hardy as the last described kind, 
not so popular, but superior to the fore- 
going kind. Consider it the best win- 
ter variety. 



ROQUETTE 



Eoqoette (Fr.) 
Sown from September to March. It is used as a salad, 
resembling the Cress in taste. 

SALSIFY, 

OR Oyster Plant. 

Salsifis (Fr.), Haferwurzel (Ger.) Ostra Yegetal (Sp.). 

New Sandwich Isla^id (Mammoth). 

A vegetable which ought to be more cultivated than it is. 
It is prepared in different ways. It partakes of the flavor 
of oysters. It should be sown in the fall of the year ; not 
later than November. The ground ought to be manured 
the spring previous, deeply spaded, and well pulverized. 
Sow in drills about ten inches apart, and thin out from 
three to four inches in the rows. 

Mew Sand WBcli Island Salsify. (Mammoth.) This 
i^ a new sort which grows much quicker than the old varie- 
ties, it attains a large size ; can be called with right mam- 
moth. 

SPINACH. 

Epinard (Fr.), Spinat (Ger.), Espinago (Si).). 
Extra Large Leaved Savoy. Broad Leaved Flanders. 

A great deal of this is raised for the New Orleans Market. 
It is very popular. Sown from September to end of March. 
If the fall is dry and hot, it is useless to sow it, as the seeds 
require moisture and cool nights to make them come up. 
The richer the ground the larger the leaves. 




Salsify, or Oyster Plaut 



RICHARD FROTSCHER'S ALMANAC AND GARDEN MANUAL 



ExtraL.argeI.eave€lSavoy. The 

leaves of this variety are large, thick 
and a little curled. Yery good for family 
use. 



Broad Leaved Flanders. This 
is the best standard variety, both for 
market and family use. Leaves large, 
broad and very succulent. 



SORREL. 

OsEiLLE (Fr.), Sauerampfer (Ger,), Acedera (Sp.). 

Planted in drills a foot apart, during the fall of the year, and thinned out from 
three to four inches in the drills. Sorrel is used for various purposes in the kitchen. 
It is used the same as Spinach ; also in soups and as a salad. 



SQUASH 



CouRGE (Fr. ), KilRBiss (Ger.), Calabaza Tontanera (Sp.). 

The Hubhard. 



Early Bush, or Patty Pan. 

Long Green, or Summer Crook Neck. 

London Vegetable Marrow. 

Sow during March in hills from three to four feet apart, six to eight seeds. 
When v^ell up, thin them out to three of the strongest plants. For a succession 
they can be i^lanted as late as June. Some who protect by boxes, plant as soon as 
the first of February, but it is best to wait till the ground gets warm. When it is 
time to plant Corn, it is also time to plant Squash, 
Early Bush, or Patty Pan. Is ; and continues in bearing longer than 



the earliest and only popular kind here. 
All other varieties are very little culti- 
vated, as the Cashaw Pumpkin, the 
striped variety, takes their place. It is 
of dwarfish habit, grows bushy, and 
does not take much room. Quality as 
good as any. 

Eon^ green, or 8nninier Crooli- 
IVecIi. This is a very strong grower. 



the first named kind. It is of good 
quality, but not so popular. 
Eondon Vegetable Marro\i. A 

European variety, very little cultivated 
here. It grows to a good size and is very 
dry. Color whitish with a 7/ellow tinge. 
The IInt>l>ard. This is a Winter 
Squash, very highly esteemed in the 
East, but hardly cultivated here, It is, 






Early Bush or Pnttv Pan. 



Long fJrcoii orSuinmer Crook Neck. The IIub])ar(l. 



FOR THE SOUTHERN STATES. 



69 



if planted here, inferior to the Southern 
striped Cashaw Pumpkin whicli can be 
kept from one season to another, and is 
superior in flavor to the former kind. 

Boston Marrow. Cultivated to a 
large extent North and East for winter 



use, where it is used for custards, etc. It 
keei)s for a lon^ time and is of excellent 
(puility, but not esteemed here, as most 
people consider the Southern grown 
Cashaw Pumpkin superior to any Win- 
ter Squash. 



TOMATO. 

TOMATE (Fr.), LlEBESAPFEL (Ger.), TOMATE (Sp. 



Extra Early Dwarf Bed. 

Early Large Smooth Red. 

Tilden. 

Trophy, (Selected.) 

Large Yellow. 



Acme. 

Paragon. 

Livingston's Perfection. 

Livingston's Favorite, 

Livingston's Beauty. 



Seed should be sown in January, in hot-beds, or in boxes, which must be placed 
in a sheltered spot, or near windows. In March they can be sown in the open 
ground. Tomatoes are generally sown too thick, and become too crowded when 
two or three inches high, which makes the plants too thin and spindly. If they 
are transplanted when two or three inches high, about three inches apart each 
way, they will become short and sturdy, and will not suffer when planted into 




Selected Tro])liy 



I 



70 



EICHARD mOTSCHEIl's ALMANAC AND GARDEN MANUAL 




the oi^en ground. Plant them from three tu four feet apart. Some varieties can 
be planted closer; for instance, the Extra Early, which is of very dwarfish habit, 
two and a half feet apart is enough. 

They should be supported by stakes. When allowed to grow up wild, the fruit 
which touches the ground will rot. For a late or fall crop the seed should be sown 
towards the latter part of May and during June. 

extra Eaaiy Duarf. 
This is the earliest in culti- 
vation. It is dwarfish in 
habit ; fruit larger than the 
following kind, and more 
flat ; bright scarlet in color 
and very productive. For an 
early market variety it can- 
not be surpassed. 

Early Earge Siiaooth 
Ke<l. An early kind of me- 
dium size ; smooth and pro- 
ductive. 

Tilden. This has been 
the standard variety for 
family gardens as well as 
market, but has been sup- 
planted to a great extent by 
later introductions. It is of 
a good shape, brilliant scar- 
let, and from above medium 
to large in size, and keeps 
well. 

Selected Trophy. A 
very large, smooth Tomato, 
more solid and heavier than 
any other kind. It is not 
quite as early as the Tilden. 
Has become a favorite va- 
riety. 

I^ar^-e Teilow. This is 
similar in shape to the large 
Eed, but more solid. Not 
very popular. 

Accsee. This is a new va- 
riety, and the prettiest and 
most solid Tomato ever in- 
troduced. ItTs -of. medium 
size, round and very smooth 
a strong grower, and a good 
and a long bearer. They 
are the perfection of Toma- 
toes for family use, but will not answer for shipping purposes; the skin is too 
tender, and cracks when fully ripe. Of all the varieties introduced, none yet has 
surpassed this kind when all qualities are brought into consideration. It does well 
about here where the ground is heavy. 

Paragon. This variety has lately come into notice. It is very solid, of a i 
bright reddish crimson color, comes in about the same time as the Tilden, but is I 




Acme T()mat< 



FOR THE SOUTHERN STATES. 



heavier in foliage, and i)roteets its fruit. It is jiroductive and keeps long in bearing-. 
Well adapted for shipping. 

L<iviBi|;!B»ton^s Perfection. Very similar to the foregoing in shape and 
color. 





p:xtr;! Early Dwarf. 




TJvingston's Beauty, 



RICHARD FROTSCHER S ALMANAC AND GARDEN MANUAL 



L<i\ iug^ston's Favorite. This 
is the latest novelty ; it is as perfect 
in shape and as solid as the Acme, 
but much larger, and of a handsome 
dark red color. I had some sent to 
me by a customer, and they surely 
were the finest specimen of toma- 
toes I ever saw, and were admired 
by everybody who saw them. They 
will keep well, and do not crack. 

L.i\ iiig^stou's Seauty. A new 
variety, offered for the first time 
two years ago. It is quite distinct in 
color, being a very glossy crimson 
with a light tinge of purple, (lighter 
than the Acme). It ripens with the 
Acme or Paragon, but keeps longer. paragon. 

It is very perfect in shape and does not crack, like some of the thin skinned sorts. 




The seeds of the last live varitties are raised for me by th* 
and can he relied npon as being trne to name and of superior 



orisrinators. Messrs. Livingston's 
qnality. 



TURNIP. 

Xavet (Fr.j, EiiBE iG-er. i, Xabo Comun (Sp. 



Early Bed or Purple Top, 

(strap-leaved). 
Earhi Wldte Flat Batch, strap-leaved. 
Purple Top Globe. 
Large White Globe. 
Pomerlan Globe. 
White Spring. 
Yelloic Aberdeen. 



Golden Ball. 
Amber Globe. 
Barlij Ptirple Top Munich. 
Extra Earlii ParpAe Top. 
Parpjle Trjp Paita Baga. 
Lnpjroved Rata Baga. 
Extra Early White French , or White 
Egg Turnip. 



Turnips do best in new ground. When the soil has been worked long, it should 
receive a top dressing of land-plaster or ashes. If stable manure is used the ground 
should be manured the spring previous to sowing, so it may be well incorporated 
with the soil. When fresh manure is used the turnips are apt to become speckled. 
Sow from end of July till October for fall and winter, and in January, February 
and March for spring and summer use. They are generally sown broad-cast, but 
the Enta Baga should 1)e sown in drills, or rather ridges, and should not be sown 
later than the end of August; the Golden Ball and Aberdeen, not later than the 
end of September. The White Flat Dutch. Early Spring and Pomerlan Globe are 
best for spring, but also good for autumn. 



Early Red ov Purple Top. 

(STRAf Leaved.) This is one of the most 
popular kinds. It is flat, with a small 
tap-root, and a bright purple top. .iThe 
leaves ai^e narrow and grow erect from 
the bulb. The flesh is finely grained 
and rich. 

Early White Flat Dutch, i Strap- 
Leaved, i This is similar to the above 



in shape, but considered about a week 
earlier. It is very popular. 

Purple Top Globe, A variety of 
recent introduction ; same shape as the 
Pomerlan Globe, but with purple top. 
Fine variety for table or for stock. It is 
not quite so early as the Early Bed or 
Purple Top. I recommend it very highly, 

Earge "White Globe, A very large 



FOR THE SOUTHERN STATES. 



7:i 




variety, mostly grown for stock. It can 
be used for the table when yonoK. Flesh 
coarse, but sweet ; tops very large. 

Pomeriaii Olobe. This is selected 
from the above. It is smoother and 
handsomer in shape ; good to plant early 
in spring. When pulled before it is too 
large it is a very salable turnip in the 
market. 

White iSpring:. This is similar to 
the White Flat Dutch ; not quite so 



large, hut romuler in shape. The tops 
are larger ; it is early, a good (luality, 
and best adapted for siiring planting. 

Yellow Aberdeen. This is a variety 
very little cultivated here. It is shaped 
like the Rata Baga, color yellow with 
purple top. Good for table use or feed- 
ing stock. 

Robertson's Golden Ball, is the 
best of the yellow Turnips for table use. 
It is very smooth, oval in shai)e, and of 



74 



KICHAKD FEOTSCHER S ALMANAC AND txARDEX MANUAL 






a beautiful orange color. Leaves 
are small. Should be sown in the 
fall of the year, and always in 
drills, so that the plants can be 
thinned out and worked. This 
kind ought to be more culti- 
vated. 

Auaber Globe. This is very 
similar lo the above kind. 

Early Purple Top ?Iiiii- 
icli. A new variety from Ger- 
many; flat, wirh red or purple 
top; same as the American va- 
riety, but fifteen days earlier to 
mature. It is very kardy, ten- 
der, and of fine flavor. 

Purple Top Riita Ba^a 
or §\vede. This is grown for 
feeding stock, and also for table 
use. It is oblong in shape, yel- 
lowy flesh, very solid. Should al- 
ways be sown in rows or ridges. 

Improved Purple Top 
Rula Ba^ra. Similar to the 
above : but smoother, and with 
few fibrous roots. 

Extra Early White 
Freuch. orTTIiite Egg Tur- 
nip. Tnis is a lately introduced 
variety : is said to be very early. 
: :-.::- '-i"^e. tender and crisp. The shape of 

it is oblong, resembling an egg. 
Having tried it, I found it as represented, quickly growing, tender and sweet. It 
will never become a favorite market variety, as only flat kinds sell well in this 
market. It has to be pull -r I . ~ -. i- it becomes pithy shortly after attaining 
maturitv. 




^c? 





Extra Earlv P 



Earlv White FlaT DiUoh [strap-kiiVt:.! 



FOK 'JHH SOUTH EI;N STATES. 



I 




Extra Eiiriy White FrtMich, or Wliitc i:,n«- Turnip 



IiMproved Piiriili' Top Kiitn Pxi^ii. 



RICHAKD FROTSCHER S ALMANAC AND GARDEN MANUAL 



TOBACCO SEEDS 



Imported Hnvasia. I imported from one of the principal growers, the 
finest and ]^urest strain of Yuelto Abajo ; which is considered the best of the 
Havana varieties. 

Price, 10 cts. per package,— 50 cts. per oz.. — 85.00 per 9). 

CoiinecticHt Sefed L.eaf. A well-known American variety. 
Price, 10 cts. per package, — 25 cts. per oz.,--S2.50 per ft. 



SWEET AND MEDICINAL HERBS. 

Some of these herbs possess culinary as well as medicinal properties. Should be 
found in every garden. Ground where they are to be sown should be well prepared 
and pulverized. Some of them have very fine seed, and it is only necessary, after 
the seed is sown, to press the ground with the back of the spade; if covered too 
deep they cannot come up. Early spring is the best time to sow them— some, such 
as Sage, Eosemary, Lavender and Basil, are best sown in a frame and afterwards 
transplanted into the garden. 

Anise, Pimpinelle Anisiim. Lavender, Laveiidnla Vera. 

Balm, MeJisse Officinalis. Majoram, sweet, Oririanum Mayorani. 

Basil, large and small leaved, Ocymum Pot Marigold, Calendula OfficinaU.H, 

BasiUcum. Rosemary, Rosemary Officinalis. 

Bene, Sesaniuni Orientale. Rue, Rata Graveolens. 

Borage, Borago Officinalis. Sage, Salvia Officinalis. 

Caraway, Cnnun Carni. Summer Savory, Satureja Horte}isis. 

Dill, Anethum Graveolens. Thyme, Thi/imis Vulgaris. 

Fennel, sweet, Anethum Foenlrulum. Wormwood. Artemisia Absinthium. 



GRASS AND FIELD SEEDS. 



I have often been asked what kind of Grass Seed is the best for this latitude, 
but so far I have never been able to answer this question satisfactorily. For hay 
I do not think there is anything better than the Millet. For permanent grass I 
have almost come to the conclusion that none of the grasses used for this purpo.-ie 
North and West will answer. Rye. Red Oats and Rescue Grass will make wintei 
pasturage in this latitude. Different kinds of Clover answer very well daring 
spring, but during the hot summer inonths I have never found anything to stand 
and produce except the Bermuda andCrabgrass, which are indigenous to the South. 
The Bermuda, in my opinion, is better suited for pasturage than hay, as it is rather 
short and hard when cured. Having tried Guinea Grass I have "come to the con- 
clusion that it will not answer here, from the fact that it will freeze out every year. 
It will produce a large quantity of hay or green fodder, but has to beresown every 
spring. The seeds that are raised here are light, and do not germinate freely. To 
import seed every year is rather troublesome. The Johnson Grass advertised by 
some as Guinea Grass, is not Guinea Grass ; it is much coarser, and can hardly be 
destroyed after having taken hold of a piece of ground. Some are enthusiastic 



FOR THE SOUTHERN STATES. 



77 



about Alfalfa or Lucerne ; others, whose opinion ought also to be respected, say it 
will not do here. There exists a great difference of opinion in regard to which grass 
seed is most suitable for the South. 



Red Clover. Should be sown either 
during fall or early in spring. Six to 
eight pounds to an acre. 

White Dtitcli Clover. A grass 
sown for pasturage at the rate of four to 
six pounds to the acre. Should be sown 
in fall and early spring. 

Alfalfa or Chili Clover, or 
French L.iiceriie. This variety does 
well here, but the ground has to be well 
prepared and deeply plowed. It will 
not do in low wet ground. Should be 
sown in the fall of the year,"or January 
and February ; eight to ten pounds per 
acre. This being of special value I refer 
to the letter written by E. M. Hudson 
on the subject. (See latter part of this 
Almanac.) 

Kentucky Blue Orass. (Extra 
Cleaned.) Should be sown in dry soil. 
Two bushels per acre. 

Meadovi^ Fescue, FeMucajorateiifiU. 
As a pasture grass I consider this one of 
the most valuable. It is not affected by 
dry weather, as its roots i:)enetrate the 
earth 12 to 15 inches ; it is much relished 
by all kinds of stock on account of its 
long and tender leaves. It yields a 
very superior hay when cured. It has 
been grown very little in this country 
and is deserving of much more attention. 
Sow in spring or fall. 2 bushels to the 
acre. In some sections it is called Ran- 
dall Grass. This should not be con- 
founded with the English 'Rye Grass, 
offered by some dealers as the same 
variety. 

Orchard Orass. This is one of the 
best grasses for pasturing. It grows 
(iuickly, much more so than the Blue 
Grass. Can be sown either in fall or 
spring. Sow one to one and a half 
bushels per acre. (See extract from 
"Farmers' Book of Grasses.") 

Rescue Orass. A forage plant from 
Australia. It grows during winter. Sow 
the seed in the fall of the year, but not 
before the weather gets cool, as it will 



not sprout so long as the ground is 
warm. Sow li bushels seed to the acre. 
Hung:arian Orass. This is a valu- 
able annual forage plant, and good to 
make hay. Sow three pecks to the acre. 
It should be cut when in bloom. 

Oerman Millet. Of all the Millets 
this is the best. It makes good hay, 
and produces heavily. Three pecks sown 
to the acre broad-cast secures a good 
stand. Can be sown from April tillJune 
but the former month is the best time. 
Should be cut the same as the foregoing- 
kind. 

Rye. Is sown during the fall months 
as late as December, for forage ; and for 
pasturage, during winter and spring. 

Barley, Fall. Can be sown fall and 
winter, but requires strong, good soil. 
Used here for forage during its green 
state. 

Red or Rust Proof Oats. It is 
only a few years since these oats have 
come into general cultivation. They 
are very valuable, and will save a great 
deal of corn on a farm. The seed of this 
variety has a reddish cast, and a pecul- 
iar long beard, and is very heavy. It 
is the only kind which will not rust in 
the Southern climate. They can be sown 
as early as October, but should be pas- 
tured down as soon as they commence 
to joint, till February. When the ground 
is low, or the season wet, this cannot 
well be done without destroying the 
whole crop. During January and Feb- 
ruary is the proper time, if no pasturing 
can be done. One to one and a half 
bushels per acre is sufficient. These 
oats have a tendency to stool, and there- 
fore do not re(iuire as much per acre as 
common oats. Those who have not al- 
ready tried this variety should do so. 
Sorg-huni. Is planted for feeding- 
stock during the spring and early sum- 
mer. For this purpose it should be sown 
as early in spring as possible in drills 
about two to three feet apart ; three to 



78 



RICHARD FROTSCHEK S ALMANAC AND GARDEN MANUAL 



four quarts per acre. It makes excel- 
lent green fodder. 
DBiouB'o, or £:|^y3>taa8B Corn. 

Sorghum vulgare. This is a well known 
cereal. It produces a large quantity of 
seed, of which fowls and animals are 
fond.— Can also be sown broad-cast, for 
soiling or in drills for fodder and seed. 
If sowed in drills, one peck of seed per 
acre is ample. If sowm broad-cast, one 
bushel per acre. For grain, the stalks 
should not be nearer than 10 inches in 
the drill, but if to be cut repeatedly for 
soiling, it is better to sow quite thickly 
in the hills. Seed should not be sown 
too early, and covered from one half to 
one inch. If too much rain in the 
Spring, the seed will not come well ;— 
they require more heat than the other 



Sorghums. Eural Branching Sorghum 
or Millow Maize produces the seed heads 
upright in a vertical position, wliile the 
others are dropping. The seeds are 
smaller, but will keep longer than the 
other varieties. The stalk grows very 
large and produces a good many large 
leaves. It suckers and tillers more and 
more the oftener it is cut. It exceeds 
greatly in yield of green fodder an y of 
the familiar fodder plants, except the 
"Teosinte."— It should be planted ex- 
clusively in drills four feet apart, 18 to 
20 inches in the drills. 

^rooua Corsi. Can be planted the 
same as corn, put the hills closer to- 
gether in the row. Six (luarts will plant 
an acre. 



The following extracts have been taken, by permission, from the author, Dr. 
D. L. Phares, from his book "Fartners" Book of Grasses." It is the most valu- 
able work of the kind ever published in the South, and should be in the hands of 
every one who takes an interest in the cultivation of grasses. 

. Copies for sale at publisher's price. Paper covers, 50 cents; Cloth, 75 cents; 
postage paid. 

ORCHARD GRASS. 



(DactyUs 
Of all the grasses this is one of the 
most widely diffused, growing in Africa, 
Asia and every country in Europe and 
all our States. It is more highly es- 
teemed and commended than any other 
grass, by a larger number of farmers in 
most countries -a most decided proof 
of its great value and wonderful adap- 
tation to many soils, climates and treat- 
ments. Yet, strange to say, though 
growing in England for many centuries 
it was not appreciated in that country 
till carried there from Virginia in 1764. 
But, as in the case of Timothy, soon af- 
ter its introduction from America, it 
came into high favor among farmers, 
and still retains its hold on their esti- 
mation as a grazing and hay Crop. 

Nor is this strange when its many ad- 
vantages and points of excellence are 
considered. It will grow well on any 
soil containing sufficient clay and not 
holding too much water. If the land 
be too tenacious, drainage will remedy 



Glomerata.) 

the soil ; if worn out, a top dressing 

I of stable manure will give it a good 

; send-off, and it will furnish several good 

mowings the first year. It grows well 

between 29 c and 48 - latitude. It may 

be mowed from two to four times a year, 

according to the latitude, season and 

treatnaent; yielding from one to three 

tons of excellent hay per acre on poor 

to medium land. In grazing and as 

i hay, most animals select it in preference 

' among mixtures in other grasses. In 

; lower latitudes it furnishes good winter 

grazing, as well as for spring, summer 

and fall. After grazing, or mowing, few 

grasses grow so rapidly (three or six 

inches per week), and are so soon ready 

again for tooth or blade. It is easily 

\ cured and handled. It is readilyseeded 

and catches with certainty. Its long, 

i deeply penetrating, fibrous roots enable 

; it to sustain itself and grow vigorously 

j during droughts that dry up other gras- 

■ ses, except tall oat grass, which has 



FOR THE SOUTHERN STATES. 



75) 



similar roots aad characteristics. It 
grows well in open lands and in forests 
of large trees, the underbrush being all 
cleared off. I have had it grown luxu- 
riantly even in beech woods, where the 
roots are superficial, in the crotches of 
roots and close to the trunks of trees. 
The hay is of high quality, and the 
young grass contains a larger per cen- 



tage of nutritive digestable matter than 
any other grass. It thrives well wit hout 
any renewal on the same ground for 
thirty-flve, nay forty years ; how much 
longer, I am not able to say. It is 
easily exterminated when the land is 
desired for other crops. Is there any 
other grass for which so much can be 
said? 



RED TOP GRASS. 



{A(jro>itls 

This is the best grass of England, 
the herd grass of the Southern States ; 
not in honor of any man, but probably, 
because so well adapted to the herd. It 
is called also Fine Top, Burden's and 
Borden's Grass. Varying greatly in 
characters, according to soil, location, 
climate and culture, some botanists 
have styled it A. Pohjmorpha. It grows 
two to three feet high, and I liave mown 
it when four feet high. It grows well 
on hill tops and sides, in ditches, gullies 
and marshes, but delights in moist 
bottom land. It is not injured by over- 
flows, though somewhat prolonged. In 
marshy land it produces a very dense, 
strong netw^ork of roots capable of sus- 
taining the weight of men and animals 
walking over it. 

It furnishes considerable grazing dur- 
ing warm "spells" in wi-nter and in 
spring and summer an abundant supply 
of nutrition. It has a tendency, being 



VaUjarifi. ) 

very hardy, to increase in density of 
growth and extent of surface, and will 
continue indefinitely, though easily 
subdued by the plow. 

Cut before maturing seed, it makes a 
good hay and large quantity. It seems 
to grow taller in the Southern States 
than it does further North, and to make 
more and better hay and grazing. Red 
Top and Timothy, being adapted to the 
same soil and maturing at the same 
time do well together, and produce an 
excellent hay. But the Bed Top will 
finally root out Timothy, and if past- 
ured much it will do so sooner. 

Sow about two bushels (2i lbs.) per 
acre, if alone, in September, October, 
February, or March ; if with Timothy 
for hay, from 6 to 10 pounds ; if with 
other grasses for pasture, 3 to 5 pounds. 
It is an excellent pasture grass, and 
will grow on almost any kind of soil. 



KENTUCKY BLUE GRASS. 



{Poa Pr 
This is also called smooth meadow 
grass, spear grass, and green grass, all 
three very api)ropriate, characteristic 
names. But Blue is a misnomer for 
this grass. It is not blue, but 'green as 
grass,' and the greenest of grasses. The 
P. CO mpres.S'a, flat-stalked meadow grass, 
wire grass, blue grass is blue, 'the true 
blue' grass from which the genus re- 
ceived its trivial name. 

Kentucky blue grass, known also in 
the Eastern States as June grass, al- 
though esteemed in some parts of 
America as the best of all pasture grass- 
es, seems not to be considered very 



atensls.) 

I valuable among English farmers except 
; in mixtures. It is certainly a very de- 
\ sirable pasture grass however. Its very 
j narrow leaves, one, two or more feet 
I long, are in such profusion, and cover 
I the ground to such depth with their 

luxuriant growth, that a mere descrip- 
I tion could give no one an adequate idea 
I of its beauty, quantity, and value ; that 
I is on rich land. On poor, sandy land, 

it degenerates sadly, as do other things 
I uncongenially located. 
1 Perennial, and beaiing cold and 
' drought well, it furnishes grazing a large 
! i:>art of the year. It is specially valuable 



80 



RICHARD FROTSCHER S ALMANAC AND GARDEN MANUAL 



as a winter and spring grass for the 
South. To secure the best winter results, 
it should be allowed a good growth in 
early fall, so that the ends of the leaves, 
being killed by the frost, afford an ample 
covering for the under-part which con- 
tinue to grow all winter, and afford a 
good bite whenever required by sheep, 
cattle, hogs and horses. In prolonged 
summer drought it dries completely, so 
that, if fired, it would burn off clean. 
But this occurs in Kentucky, where in- 
deed it has seemed without fire, to dis- 
appear utterly; yet, when rain came, 
the bright green spears promptly re- 
carpeted the earth. 

With its underground stems and many 
roots, it sustains the heat and drought 
of the Southern States as well. as those 
of Kentucky, where indeed it is sub- 
jected to severer trials of this kind than 
in the more Southern States. In fact, 
it bears the vicissitudes of our climate 
about as well as Bermuda grass, and is 
nearly as nutritious. 

Blue grass grows well on hill tops, 
or bottom lands, if not too wet and too 
poor. It may be sown any time from 
September to April, preferably perhaps 
in the latter half of February, or early 
in March. The best catch I ever had 
was sown the •20th of March, on un- 
broken land, from which trash, leaves, 
etc., had just been burned. The surface 
of the land should be cleaned of trash 
of all kinds, smooth, even; and if re- 



cently plowed and harrowed, it should 
be rolled also. This last proceeding is 
for compacting the surface in order to 
prevent the seed from sinking too deep 
in the ground. Without harrowing or 
brushing in, many of them get in too 
deep to come up, even when the surface 
of the land has had the roller over it. 
The first rain after seeding will put them 
in deep enough, as the seeds are very 
minute, and the spears of grass small as 
fine needles, and therefore unable to 
get out from under heavy cover. These 
spears are so small as to be invisible, 
except to close examination ; and in 
higher latitudes, this condition con- 
tinues through the first year. Thus, 
some who have sown the blue grass 
seed, seeing the first year no grass, 
imagine they have been cheated, plant 
some other crop, and probably lose 
what close inspection would have shown 
to be a good catch. This, however, is 
not apt to occur in the Southern tier of 
States, as the growth here is more rapid. 
The sowing mentioned above, made on 
the 20th of March, came up promptly, 
and in three months the grass was from 
six to ten inches high. One year here 
gives a finer growth and show than two 
in Kentuckv, or any other State so far 
North. 

Sown alone, 20 to 26 pounds, that is 2 
bushels, should be used ; in mixtures, 4 
to 6 pounds. 



ENGLISH OR PERENNIAL RYE GRASS 



{Lolium 

This is the first grass cultivated in 
England over two centuries ago, and at 
a still more remote period in France. 
It was long more widely known and 
cultivated than any other grass, became 
adapted to a great variety of soils and 
conditions, and a vast number (seventy 
or more) of varieties produced, some of 
which were greatly improved, while 
others were inferior and became 
annuals. Introduced into the United 
States in the first quarter of the current 
century, it has never become very 



Perenne.) 

popular, although shown by the sub- 
I joined analysis of Way not to be de- 
I ficient in nutritive matter.^ In 100 parts 
I of the dried grass cut in bloom were 
i albuminoids 11.85, fatty matters 3.17, 
j heat-producing principles 42.24, wood 
I fibre 35.20, ash 7.54. The more recent 

analysis of Wolff and Knopp, allowing 
: for water, gives rather more nutritive 

matter thtin this. 
It grows rapidly, and yields heavy 

crops of seed ; makes good grazing, and 

good hay. But, as with all the Eye 



FOR THE SOUTHERN STATES. 



81 



grasses, to make good hay, it must be 
cut before passing the blossom stage, as 
after that it deteriorates rapidly. The 
roots being short, it does not bear 
drought well, and exhausts the soil, ! 
dying out in a few years. In these re- i 
spects it is liable to the same objections ■ 
as Timothy. The stem, one to two feet i 



high, has four to six purplish joints and 
as many dark green leaves ; the flexious 
spiked panicle, bearing the distant 
spikelets, one in each bend. 

It should be sown in August or Sep- 
tember, at the rate of twenty-flve or 
thirty pounds, or one bushel seed per 
acre. 



TALL MEADOW OAT GRASS. 



(Arrhenatheram 
Evergreen grass in Virginia, and other | 
Southern States, and it is the Tall Oat ': 
(Ave}ia elatlor) of Lina^us. It is closely 
related to the common oat, and has a 
beautiful open panicle, leaning slightly 
to one side. "Spikelets two flowered, 
and a rudiment of a third, open ; lowest 
flower stamJnate or sterile, with a long- 
bent awn below the middle of the back." 
—(Flint.) 

It is widely naturalized and well adapt- 
ed to a great variety of soils. On sandy, 
or gravelly soils, it succeeds admirably, 
growing two or three feet high. On 
rich, dry upland it grows from five to 
seven feet high. It has an abundance 
of perennial, long fibrous roots, pene- 
trating deeply in the soil, being, there- 
fore, less affected hy drought or cold, 
and enabled to yield a large quantity 
of foliage, winter and summer. These 
advantages render it one of the very best 
grasses for the South, both for grazing 
(being evergreen) and for hay, admitting 
of being cut twice a year. It is probably 
the best winter grass that can be ob- 
tained. 

It will make twice as much hay as 
Timothy, and containing a greater 
(luantity of albuminoids and less of heat- 
producing princi[)les, it is better adapted 
to the uses of the Southern farmer, 
while it exhausts the surface soil less, 
and may be grazed indefinitely, except 
after mowing. To make good hay it 



Avenaceum.) 

must be cut the instant it blooms, and, 
after being cut, must not get wet by dew 
or rain, which damages it greatly in 
quality and appearance. 

For green soiling, it may be cut four 
or five times with favorable seasons. 
In from six to ten days after blooming, 
the seeds begin to ripen and fall, the 
upper ones first. It is, therefore, a little 
troublesome to save the seed. As soon 
as those at the top of the panicle ripen 
sufficiently to begin to drop, the heads 
should be cut off and dried, when the 
seeds will all thresh out readily and be 
matured. After the seeds are ripe and 
taken off, the long abundant leaves and 
stems are still green, and being mowed 
make good hay. 

It may be sown in March or April, 
and mowed the same season ; but for 
heavier yield, it is better to sow in Sep- 
tember or October. Along the more 
southernly belt, from the 31 '^ parallel 
southward, it may be sown in November 
and onw^ard till the middle of December. 
Whenever sown it is one of the most 
certain grasses to have a good catch. 
Not less than two bushels (14 pounds) 
per acre should be sown. Like Timothy, 
on inhospitable soils, the root may 
sometimes become bulbous. The aver- 
age annual nutrition yielded by this 
grass in the Southern belt, is probably 
twice as great as in Pennsylvania and 
other Northern States. 



JOHNSON GRASS 

(Sorglnun hakijjense.) 

% This has been called Cuba grass, 
Egyptian grass. Means grass, Alabama 
and Guinea grass, etc. 
It seems pretty well agreed now, how- 



ever, to call it Johnson grass, and leave 
the name Guinea grass for the Fanicum 
famentorum, to which it properly be- 
longs. 



82 



RICHARD FROTSCHER S ALMANAC AND GARDEN MANUAL 



It is true that in Mr. Howard's pamph- 
let, as well as in many periodicals and 
books, and in letters and common usage, 
this grass has been far more generally 
called Guinea grass than the true Guinea 
grass itself, thus causing vast confusion. 
It is, therefore, assuredly time to call 
each by its right name. Johnson grass 
is perennial and has cane-like roots, or 
more properly, u'nderground stems, 
from the size of a goose-quill to that of 
the little finger. These roots are tender, 
and hogs are fond of and thrive on them 
in winter. The roots literally fill the 
ground near the surface, and every joint 
is capable of developing a bud. Hence 
the grass is readily propagated from 
root cutting. It is also propagated from 
the seeds, but not always so certainly ; 
for in some localities many faulty seeds 
are. produced, and in other places no 
seeds are matured. Before sowing the 
seeds, therefore, they should be tested, 
as should all grass seeds indeed, in order 
to know what [)roportion will germinate, 
and thus what quantity per acre to sow. 
One bushel of a good sample of this seed 
is sufficient for one acre of land. 

The leaf, stalk and panicle of this 
grass resemble those of other sorghums. 
It grows on any land where corn will 
grow ; and like the latter, the better the 
land the heavier the crop. On rich land 
the culms attain a size of over half an 
inch in diameter, and a height of seven 
feet. It should be cut while tender, 
and then all live stock are fond of it; 
for a few weeks are sufficient to render 
it so coarse and hard that animals refuse 
it, or eat sparingly. 

A few testimonials are here quoted to 
give an idea of the productiveness and 
value of this plant. In a letter published 
in the Rural Carolinian for 1874, Mr. N. 
B. Moore, who had for more than forty 



years grown crops, speaks of this grass 
under the name of Guinea grass. 

"My meadow consists of one hundred 
acres of alluvial land, near Augusta. 
* * * In winter I employ but four men, 
who are enough to work my packing- 
press ; in summer, when harvesting, 
double that number. In autumn I 
usually scarify both ways with sharp, 
steel-toothed harrows, and sow over the 
stubble a peck of red clover per acre, 
which, with volunteer vetches, comes 
off about the middle of May. The second 
yield of clover is uniformly eaten up by 
grasshoppers. The top root remains to 
fertilize the then coming Guinea grass, 
which should be but from two to three 
feet high. " * * On such land as 
mine, it will afford three or four cuttings 
if the season is propitious. I u^e an 
average of five tons of gypsum soon 
after the first cutting, and about the 
same quantity of the best commercial 
fertilizers, in March and April. =« * * 
The grass, which is cut before noon, is 
put up with horse sulky rakes, in cocks, 
before sun-down." 

Mr. Moore's income from this field 
was from seven thousand to ten thou- 
sand dollars a year. 

Mr. Goelsel, of Mobile, says: "It is 
undoubtedly the most profitable soiling 
plant yet introduced, and also promises 
to be the plant for our Southern hay 
stacks, i:>rovided it can be cut every 
three or four weeks." 

Note. — Kecognizing all the above, I 
would say, that great care must be taken 
not to sow this grass near cultivated 
lands. If done, it should not be allowed 
to go to seed, as the wind will blow them 
off from the stalks, and when it gets 
amongst cane or other crops it causes 
a great deal of trouble. It is almost im- 
possible to get it out of the land. 



RESCUE GRASS. 

(Ceratochloa anstralis or BromiiH Scliraderi.) 



It is an annual winter grass. It varies 
in the time of starting growth. I have 
seen it ready for mowing the first of 
October and furnish frequent cuttings 
till April. Again, it may not start be- 



fore January, nor be ready to cut till 
February. This depends upon the 
moisture and depression of temperature. 
When once started, its growth, after 
the successive cuttings or grazings, is 



FOR THE SOUTHERN STATES. 



83 



very rapid. It is tender, very sweet, 
and stock eat it greedily. It makes also 
a good hay. It produces an immense 
quantity of leaves. On loose soil some 
of it may be i)ulled out by animals graz- 
ing it. I have seen it bloom as early as 
November when the season had favored 
it, and no grazing or cutting were per- 
mitted. Oftener it makes little start 
before January. But whether late or 
early starting, it may be grazed or 
mowed frequently, until April, it still 
will mature seed. It has become natur- 
alized in limited portions of Texas, 

JAPAN 

{Lespede, 
There is now so much enquiry about 
this plant, so much confusion, lack of 
knowledge and confounding with or 
mistaking for it another worthless na- 
tive species, and also the same errors 
in regard to a small genuine clover, 
that it is deemed proper to give some 
correct information on the subject. 

HISTORY. 

To botanists this plant has been 
known for many generations in its 
native habitat in China and other 
eastern parts of Asia. Finding its 
way to Japan it encountered congenial 
climate and soil, and rapidly spread 
over the entire country occupying all 
waste places, which it has continued 
to possess and improve for much more 
than a century. Here as on the con- 
tinent, it was of dwarfish habit and 
received a name indicative of the fact. 

Finally a few seeds, arriving in the 
United States, germinated, contested, 
a few feet of soil with other native and 
exotic plants that had long pre-occu- 
pied the land. 

It gained strength and increased in 
yield ®f seed till becoming somewhat 
abundant, it commenced its westward 
invasion, simultaneously extending its 
conquests northward and southward 
firmly holding all conquered territory. 
Since 1870 its strides westward have 
been immense. It now extends from 
the Atlantic seaboard across the Mis- 
sissippi, and its out-posts are pushed 



Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, and 
perhaps other States. It is a very pretty 
grass in all its stages ; and especially so 
whea the culms, two or three feet high, 
are gracefully bending the weight of the 
diffuse panicle with its many pedicelled 
flattened spikelets, each an inch or more 
long and with twelve to sixteen flowers. 
I would not, however, advise sowing 
this grass on poor land with the expec- 
tation of getting a remunerative return. 
It tillers abundantly under favorable 
conditions. ■ 



CLOVER. 

'M Striata.) 

far towards the western border of 
Texas. 

Denuded, soil-less hill tops, sandy 
plains, gjavelly slopes, bottoms and 
banks of washes and gullies, pine 
thickets, open woods, fields, dry and 
damp soils, all seem as if specially 
created for its home. It seizes upon all 
with equal facility. 

It maintains its dwarfish habit on 
sands, gravels and other spots too poor 
to produce any other vegetation, densely 
covering the surface with its green robe 
and affording delighted live stock with 
delicious nutritious grazing for four to 
eight months of the year. But on richer 
soil it doffs the dwarf and dons the tree 
style justifying the American name of 
"bush clover ;" sending its long tap root 
deep down in the subsoil and its stem 
two to three feet up into the light and 
air, with its many branches thickly set 
with leaves, inviting tooth and blade. 

It attains here on rich or medium soil 
protected from live stock a magnitude 
that could not have been imagined by 
one seeing it injts far eastern home. It 
takes possession not only of unoccupied 
land and pine thickets but grows among 
sedges, grasses, briers and weeds, com- 
pletely eradicating many species of 
noxious grasses and weeds. It subdues 
even broom grass and holds equal con- 
test with Bermuda grass ; in some local- 
ities one yielding, in other localities the 
other succumbing, while in other spots 



8i 



RICHARD FROTSCHER S ALMANAC AND GARDEN MANUAL 



both maintain equal possession ; or one 
year one may seem to rule, and the next 
year the other. 

VALUE. 

On sands, gravels, or denuded cla^' 
hill tops no other plant known to me is 
so valuable for grazing. Taking a suc- 
cession of ten years, the same assertion 
would not be far out of the way for rich 
lands, while few forage plants on these 
would yield so much or so valuable hay. 

The analysis of red clover gives 16 per 
cent, albuminoids and 41 carbohydrates. 
The average of two analyses of Japan 
clover gives 15.85 albuminoids and 56 
carbohydrates, placing it above red 
clover in nutritive value. It is 

SUPERIOR TO OTHER FORAGE PLANTS 

in several important particulars not 
generally observed by the careless 
stock-man. 1. The growing plant con- 
tains less moisture than any other very 
valuable forage plant with perhaps a 
single exception. Hence we never hear 
of animals having hoven or bloat or 
scours from eating this plant as when 
they have free access to red clover, pease 
and many grasses. 2. We have never 
yet found on the Japan clover any 
fungous growths which are so common 
on other plants as to cause many deaths 
annually among animals grazing on 
them or fed with the hay. 3. Heavy graz- 
ing for a few weeks destroys the clovers, 
lucerne and most of the grasses, while 
this plant may be grazed however close- 
ly, whether the season be wet or pro- 
longed drouth prevail, without damage. 
i. There is less difficulty of obtaining a 
catch with this plant than most others. 
The seed may be scattered on bare, 
poor, barren ground, rich soil, among 
weeds and dead grass, or in IVIarch on 
small grain sown the previous autumn 
or winter and a catch will be obtained. 
5. The grain being harvested when 
ripe does not injure the Lespedeza ; 
which is ready for the mower through 
September and October. 6. It is more 
easily cured than the clovers, pea vines 
and many grasses. 7. It does not lose 
the foliage in curing as do clovers, pease 
and some other plants. 8. It furnishes 
good grazing from May, some years last 



of March till killed by frost in October 

or November. 

PRODUCT OF HAY. 

On medium to good land it ranges 
from one to three tons per acre ; and 
this may be obtained after having dur- 
ing the summer harvested from the same 
land a good crop of grain and straw. 

QUALITY. 

Some of our farmers, who have been 
uaowing Lespedeza striata for five to ten 
years regard it as the soundest, best, 
most wholesome and palatable hay they 
ever used. These mowings have ranged 
from two to three hundred tons on 
single farms in one season. Yet no 
complaint as to quality, or relish of 
animals for it, or as to its nutritive 
value and good effect on the stock has 
ever reached us. Those who have used 
it longest and in largest quantities and 
kept animals— cattle, sheep, horses and 
mules— in best condition commend it 
most. We have now before us a beauti- 
ful sample of this hay from Louisiana 
being from a crop of perhaps 300 tons 
mowed last autumn. 

SEEDING. 

A measured half bushel of seed per 
acre may be sown broad-cast the first 
week in March south of parallel 32 - of 
latitude, a few days later as we proceed 
northward for each degree or two. Sown 
in the fall or winter it springs up, but 
freezes often throw it out and destroy 
it. As already stated it germinates and 
grows well on land in any condition, if 
the surface is not so loose as to let the 
seed sink too deep. When land has been 
prepared for or sown in grain, the winter 
rains ])Ut it in about the best condition 
for growing this plant for heavy crops 
of hay. 

All our remarks on this plant, as 
found in our Southern States, are based 
on what we have seen and learned of it 
in a belt lying between 30i - and 34 ^ of 
latitude. 

The only 

COMPLETE PROOF 

of the value of a forage plant is found in 
the concurrence of chemical analysis 
and the observation and experience of 
the stockman. When the relish of an 



FOR THE SOUTHERN STATES. 



85 



animal for the forage is Iceen, the health 
preserved and improved, growth pro- 
moted, a maximum quantity of excellent 
beef or mutton or pork, and, if superior, 
milk and butter, are obtained, we cer- 
tainly have an admirable food plant. 
The judgment of the cow, the convic- 
tions of the farmer arising from his 
experiences independent of, and indeed 
in utter ignorance of any chemical 
analysis, confirming the decisions of the 
chemist, give us the best of all evidences 
of the value of forage. And all these 
we have in this case. Japan clover is 
also a great 

AMELIORATOR AND FERTILIZER. 

Its abundant, long tap roots decaying 
render the soil porous and leave in it 
much nitrogenous material and humus. 
It releases and brings up from the sub- 
soil valuable plant food ; the ashes con- 



taining nearly 40 per cent potash, 21).- 
GO oxide lime, 7.82 sul])liuric acid, 7.54 
phosphoric acid— all most valuable ele- 
ments in plant life and growth. Soils 
are thus renovated, sloi)es prevented 
from washing, gullies filled, moisture 
solicited and retained, atmos[)heric fer- 
tilizers gathered and garnered ; bald, 
barren wastes covered with living green 
to fill the stomach, delight the eye and 
cheer the heart. 

It should have been stated that this 
plant has eradicated over large areas 
the much detested helenium or bitter 
weed, which so often damages the fiavor 
of the milk of (;ows eating it while 
grazing. It is believed that it extermi- 
nates also two or three ])lants that are 
fatally poisonous to cattle and horses. 

Price, $4.00 per bush. ; i bush., $2-50; 
per pound 30 cts. 



DIRECTIONS FOR PLANTING 



The directions given here are for the Southern part of Louisiana. If a[)plied 
to localities North of here, the time of planting will not be quite so early in spring, 
and earlier in fall. For instance : the directions for January will answer for Feb- 
ruary in the Northern part of this State, and Southern part of Mississippi or Arkan- 
sas. In autumn, directions for September can be followed in August. In those 
sections, very little can be planted in November and December. 



JANUARY 



Sow Spinach, Mustard, Carrots, Beets, 
Parsnips and Leeks, the early varieties 
of Kadish, and for the last crop, the 
Black Spanish. 

Sow Spring and Purple To)) Turnip, 
Ruta Baga may also be sown, for table 
use later in spring. 

Sow Lettuce, Endive, Cabbage, Broc- 
coli, Kohlrabi, and early Cauliflower ; 
the best sown in a frame to be trans- 
planted next month. 

Cress, Chervil, Parsley and Celery for 
cutting, sh{>uld be sown this month. 
Sow Koquette and Sorrel. 

If the hot-bed has not been prei)ared 
already, make it at once to sow Egg 
Plant, Pepper and Tomatoes. 



All kinds of Herb sfeed may be sown 
during this month. Plant Peas for a 
general crop, towards the end of the 
month the Extra Early varieties may 
be planted. 

Plant Potatoes, but the Early Rose 
should not be planted before tlie latter 
end of this month. 

Divide; and transplant Shallots. 
Transplant Cabbage plants sown in 
November. Onions, if not already set 
out, should be hurried with now, so they 
may have time to bulb. Those who de- 
sire to raise Onion sets, should sow the 
seed this month, 'as they may be used 
for setting out early in the fall, and can 
be sold sooner than those raised from 



86 



RICHAED FROTSCHEE's ALMANAC AND GARDEN MANUAL 



seed. Creole seed is the ouly kind wiiieli 
can be used to raise sets from. Xortliern 
seed will not make sets. This I know 
from ex[)erience. Asparagus roots 
should be set out this mouth. 

Ked Oats can be sown. I consider 
these and the German Millet the two 



best annual forage plants for Louisiana. 
— Cucumbers can be planted in the hot- 
bed ; they are mostly planted here dur- 
ing November and December, but if the 
hot-bed is properly made, those planted 
in this month will bear better than 
those planted in November. 



FEBRUARY 



All winter vegetables can be sown this 
month, such as Spinach, Mustard, Car- 
rots, Beets, Parsnips and Leeks. Also, 
the early varieties of Radishes and 
Spring and Purple Top Turnip. Swiss 
Chard and Kohlrabi. 

Sow, for succession, Lettuce, Cabbage 
and early Cauliflower : if the season is 
favorable, and the month of April not 
too dry, the latter may succeed. 

Cauliflower and Cabbage plants 
should be transplanted ; Shallots divid- 
ed and set out again. 

Sow Sorrel, Eoquette. Chervil. Pars- 
ley, Cress and Celery. 

Peas of all kinds can be planted, es- 
pecially the early varieties. The late 
kinds should be sown in January, but 
they liiay be planted during this month. 

This is the time to plant the general 
crop of Potatoes. On an average they 
will succeed better when planted during 
this, than during any other month. 

Herb seeds should be planted ; tender 
varieties best sown in a frame, and 
transplanted into the open ground af- 
terwards. 

MAR 

Sow Beets, Eadish, Cabbage, early 
varieties : Kohlrabi, Lettuce, Spinach, 
Mustard, Carrots. Swiss Chard and 
Leek. 

Also, Celery for cutting. Parsley, 
Eoquette, Cress and Chervil. The lat- 
ter part of the month sow Endive. Of 
Lettuce, the Royal Cabbage and Perpig- 
nan ; the T^'hite Coss is a favorite varie- 
ty for spring ; the Butterhead will run 
into seed too quickly, and should not be 
sown later than the middle of February 
in this latitude. 

Plant a full supply of Bush and Pole 
Beans. For Lima Beans better to wait 
till towards the end of the month, as 



Asparagus roots should be planted : 
this is the proper month to sow the seed 
of this vegetable. 

Plants in the hot-bed will require at- 
tention ; give air when the sun shines, 
and the weather is pleasant. If too 
thick, thin out. so they may become 
sturdy. 

Bush Beans can be commenced with 
this month ; Cucumbers, Squash and 
Melons may be tried, as they often suc- 
ceed ; if protected by small boxes, as 
most gardeners protect them, there is 
no risk at all. 

Corn can be planted towards the end 
of this month. For market, the Adams 
Extra Early and Early White Flint are 
planted. I recommend the Sugar va- 
rieties for family use ; they are just as 
large as those mentioned, and Stowel's 
Evergreen is as large as .any variety 
grown. 

Mangel Wurzel and Sugar Beet should 
be sown in this month for stock. Sweet 
Potatoes can be put in a bed for sprout- 
ing, so as to have early slips. 

CH. 

they rot easily when the ground is not 
warm enough, or too wet. 

Squash, Cucumbers, Melons and Okra 
can be planted. The remark in regard 
to Lima Beans holds good for Okra. 
Early varieties of Peas may still be 
planted. 

* Tomatoes, Egg Plants and Peppers 
can be set out in the open ground, and 
seed sown for a later crop. Plant Sweet 
Corn. 

Potatoes can be planted ; all depends 
upon the season. Some years they do 
as well as those planted during last 
month. 

Beans are hard to keep in this climate, 



FOK THE SOUTHEUN STATES. 



and therefore very few are planted for 
shelling purposes. With a little care, 
however, they can be ket)t, but they 
ought not to be planted before the first 
of August, so that they may ripen when 
the weather gets cooler. When the 
season is favorable leave them out till 
dry; gather the pods and expose thera 
a few days to the sun. It is best to shell 
them at once, and after they are shelled 



put them to air and sun again for a few 
days longer. Sacks are better to keep 
them in than barrels and boxes. The 
Red and White Kidney are generally 
the varieties used for drying. Beans 
raised in spring are hard to keep, and if 
intended for seed they should be put up 
in bottles, or in tin boxes, and a little 
camphor sprinkled between them. 
Hweet Potatoes should be planted. 



APRIL 



Sow Bush, Pole and Lima Beans, 
Sweet Corn, Cucumbers, Squash, Melons 
and Okra 

Beets, Carrots, Swiss Chard, Radish, 
Lettuce, Mustard, Endive, Roquette, 
Cress, Parsley, Chervil and Celery for 
cutting. 

Sow Tomatoes, Egg iPlants and Pepper 
for succession. It is rather late to sow 
Cabbage seed now, but if sown, the 
early varieties only can be successfully 
used. Kohlrabi can still be sown, but 
it is best to sow it thinly in drills a foot 
apart, and thin out to four inches in the 
rows. 

Towards the end of this month a 
sowing of the late Italian Giant Cauli- 
flower can be "made. It is very large, 
and takes from eight to nine months 
before it matures, so it has to be sown 
early. It is always best to make a 
couple of sowings, so that in case one 
should fail the other may be used. This 
variety is hardier than the French and 



German kinds. A good plan is to sow 
the seed in boxes, elevated two feet or 
more above the ground, as it will keep 
the cabbage-fly off. The plants should 
be overlooked daily, and all green cab- 
bage worms or other vermin removed. 

Sweet Potato Slips, for early crop, 
can be planted out. Early Irish Pota- 
toes will be fit to dig now,and the ground 
they are taken out of may be planted 
with Corn, Beans, Squash, etc. 

Sow Pumpkins of both kinds, the 
Field and the Cashaw. 

German Millet should be sown this 
month. The ground ought to be well 
plowed and harrowed. Three pecks of 
seed is the quantum to be sown per acre. 
It will be well to roll the ground after 
sowing, and the seed will require no 
other covering. If no roller is handy, 
some brush tied together ought to be 
passed over the ground sown. For hay, 
it sliould be cut when in flower. Every 
planter should give it a trial. 



MAY. 



I 



Very few varieties of vegetables can 
be sown during this month. Many of 
the winter varieties will not do well if 
sown now. The grounds should now be 
occupied with growing crops. 

Where Potatoes and Onions are taken 
np, Corn, Melons, Cucumbers, Squash 
and Pumpkins may be planted. 

Nothing of the Cabbage kind, except 
the Creole Cabbage seed, can be sown 
this month. It is supposed to stand the 
heat better than other varieties, but it 
makes only loose heads and runs up to 
seed as early as the end of November. 



Yellow and white summer Radish and 
Endive should be sown. Lettuce re- 
quires much water during hot weather, 
and, if neglected, will become hard and 
tasteless. The Perpignan is the best 
kind for summer use. Okra can still be 
sown. 

The first sowing of White Solid Celery 
is to be made this month. The seed 
requires to be shaded, and, if the 
weather is dry, should be regularly 
watered. Late Italian Cauliflower 
should be sown. 

Cow Peas can be planted between the 



EICHARD FROTSCHER's ALMANAC AND GARDEN MANUAL 



corn, or the crowders in rows : the latter 
are the best to be used green. If they 
are sown for fertilizino- purposes, they 
are sown one bushel per acre, and 
plowed under when the fjround is well 
covered ; or sometimes they are left till 
fall, when they commence to decay, and 
then plowed down. 

Sweet Potato Slips can be set out. 
taking advantage of an occasional rain : 
if it does not rain thev have to be 



watered. The top of Shallots will com- 
mence to get dry: this indicates that 
they are fit to take up. Pull them up 
and expose to the sun for a few days, 
and then store them away in a dry, airy 
place, taking care not to lay them too 
thick, as they are liable to he^t. Lima 
or Pole Beans can be planted; the 
Southern Prolific is the best variety for 
late planting. 



JUNE 



This month is similar to the last, that 
is, not a great deal can be sown. The 
growing crops will reciuire attention, as 
weeds grow fast. Plant Corn for the last 
supply of roasting ears. A few Water 
and Musk Melons may be planted. 
Cucumbers. Squash and Pumpkins 
planted this month generally do very 
well, but the first requires an abundance 
of water if the weather is dry. 

Southern Prolific Pole Beans may be 
planted during this month. Continue 
to set out Sweet Potato ^ines. 

Sow Yellow and White Summer Pvad- 
ish ; sow Endive for Salad ; this is raised 
more easily than the Lettuce. 

Lettuce can be sown, but it requires 
more care than most people are willing 
to bestow. Soak the seeds for half an 
hour in water, take them out and put 
them in a piece of cloth, and place in a 
cool spot — under the cistern, or, if con- 
venient, in an ice box. Keep the cloth 
moist, and in two or three days the 
seeds will sprout. Then sow them ; best 
to do so in the evening, and give a 
watering. 

If the seed is sown without beiusr 



sprouted, ants will be likely to carry it 
away before it can germinate, and the 
seedsman be blamed for selling seeds 
that did not grow. This sprouting has 
to be done from May to September, 
depending upon the weather. Should 
the weather be rnoist and cool in the 
fall, it can be dispensed with. Some 
sow late Cabbage for winter crop in this 
month, saying the plants are easier 
raised during" this than the two following 
months. I consider this month too soon ; 
plants will become too hard and long- 
legged before they can be planted out. 

This is the last month to sow the Late 
Italian Cauliflower: towards the end 
the Early Italian Giant Cauliflower can 
be sown. Some cultivators transplant 
them, when large enough, at once into 
the open ground ; others plant them 
first into flowerpots and transplant 
them into the ground later. If trans- 
planted at this time, they will require 
to be shaded for a few days, till they 
commence to grow. 

Sow Tomatoes for late crop during the 
latter part <>f this month. 



JULY 



Plant Pole Beans ; also, Bush Beans, 
towards the end of the month. Sow 
Tomatoes in the early part for the last 
crop. Some Corn for roasting ears may 
still be planted. Cucumbers can be 
]>lanted for pickling. Early Giant Cau- 
liflower can be sown. Sow Endive, Let- 
tuce, Yellow and White Summer Eadish. 
Where the'ground is new. some Turnips 



and Euta Bagas can be sown. Cabbage 
should be commenced with after the 
15tli of this month : Superior Flat Dutch 
Improved Drumhead, vSt. Dennis, or 
Bonneuil and Brunswick are the leading 
kinds. It is hard to say which is the 
best time to sow, as our seasons differ so 
much — some seasons we get frost early, 
other seasons not before Januarv. Cab- 



FOR THE SOUTHERN STATES. 



S9 



bage is most easily liurt by frost when 
it is half grown; when the ])lants are 
small, or when they are headed up, frost 
does not hurt much. It is always good 
to make two or three sowings. As a 
general thing, plants raised from July 
and August sown seeds give the most 
satisfaction : they are almost certain to 
head. September, in my experience, is 
the most ticklish month ; as the seed 
sown in that month is generally only 
half grown when we have some frosts, 
and therefore, more liable to be hurt. 
But there are exceptions. Some years 
ago the seed sown in September turned 
out best. Seed sown at the end of Oc- 
tober and during November generally 
give good results. November is the 
proper month to sow for shipping. The 
surest way to sow is in a cold frame, to 
protect the i)lants from frosts which 
sometimes occur in December aiid Jan- 
uary. January, and the early part of 
February, is early enough to set out. 
Brunswick and Excelsior are the earli- 
est of the large growing kinds, and it 



should be sown in July and August, so' 
that it may be headed ui) when the (!Old 
(U)mes, as it is iriore tender than the Flat 
Dutch and Drumhead. The same may 
be said in regard to the St. Dennis. All 
cabbages require strong, good soil ; but 
these two varieties particularly. Bruns- 
wick makes also a very good spring 
cabbage when sown at the end of Octo- 
ber. The standard varieties, the Supe- 
rior Flat Dutch and Imi)roved Drum- 
head, should be sown at the end of this 
month and during next. It is better to 
sow plenty of seeds than to be short of 
plants. I would prefer one hundred 
plants raised in July and /Vugust, to four 
times that amount raised in September. 
It is very hard to protect the young- 
plants from ravages of the fly. Strong- 
tobacco water is as good as any thing- 
else for this purpose, or tobacco stems 
cut fine and scattered over the ground 
will keep them off to some extent. As 
the plants have to be watered, the smell 
of the tobacco will drive the flies away. 



AUGUST. 



I 



This is a very active month for garden- 
ing in the South. Plant Bush Beans, 
Extra Early and Washington Peas. Sow 
late Cabbages and Drumhead Savoy, 
also Broccoli, Brussels Sprouts and 
Kale. The Early Italian Giant Cauli- 
flower may still be sown ; but now is 
the proper time to sow the Half Early 
Paris, Asiatic and other early varieties. 

Sow Parsley, Roquette, Chervil, Let- 
tuce, Endive and Sorrel ; but, in case of 
dry weather, these seeds w^ill have to be 
watered freciuently. 

Continue to sow Yellow Turnip Rad- 
ishes, and commence to sow red varie- 
ties, such as Scarlet Turnip, Half Long 
French and Long Scarlet. 

Towards the end of the month the 
Black Spanish Radish can be sown ; 
also, Swiss Chard. 

Sow Mustard and Cress ; the former 
will generally do well. All kinds of 
Turnips and Ruta Bagas should be 
sown ; also, Kohlrabi. 



The seed of all kinds of Beets should 
be put in the ground. 

Towards the end of the month Carrots 
can be sown ; but the sowing of all 
vegetables at this time of the year de- 
pends much upon the season. If we 
should have hot and dry w^eather, it is 
useless to do much, as seed cannot come 
up without being w^atered. White Solid 
Celery should be sown for a succession, 
and the Dwarf kinds for spring use. 

Shallots can be set out during this 
month; also. Onion Sets especially if 
they are raised from Creole seed. The 
early part of the month is the proper 
time to plant Red and White Kidney 
Beans, for shelling and drying for win- 
ter use. 

Early Rose and other varieties of Po- 
tatoes should l)e planted early this 
month for a winter crop, and the latest 
of Tomato plants should be set out, if 
not done last month. If Celery plants 
are set out during this month, they re- 
quire to be shaded. 



90 



RICHARD FROTSCHEK S ALMANAC AND G^ARDEN MANUAL 



SEPTEMBER 



Most of the seeds recoinmended for 
last month can be sown this month, and 
some more added. 

In the early part, Bush Beans can be 
planted, as they will bear before frost 
comes. Plant Extra Earl^^ and early 
varieties of Peas. Sow Radishes of all 
kinds. Carrots, Beets, Parsnip, Salsify. 
Eoquette, Chervil, Parsley, Sorrel, 
Cress, Lettuce. Endive, Leek, Turnips, 
Kohlrabi, Broccoli. Early Cauliflower. 
Kale, Celery, Corn Salad and Mustard. 

After the 15th of this month, Creole 
Onion seed can be sown. This is an im- 
portant crop, and should not be neglect- 
ed. If it is very dry, cover the bed, af- 
ter the seed has been sown, with green 
moss; it will keep the ground moist. 



and the seed will come up more regu- 
larly. The moss has to be taken off as 
the young plants make their appear- 
ance. 

Celery plants may bw set out in dit- 
ches prepared for that purpose. Cauli- 
flower and Cabbage plants can be trans- 
l^lanted if the weather is favorable. 

If the weather is not too hot and dry. 
Spinach should be sown : but it is use- 
less to do so if the wccither is not suit- 
able. 

Cabbage can be sown, but it is much 
better to sow in August and transplant 
during this month. 

Set out Shallots. Sorrel should be 
divided and replanted. 

Sow Turnip-rooted Celery. 



OCTOBER 



Artichokes should be dressed, the 
suckers or sprouts taken off, and new 
plants made. 

Onion seed can still be sown ; but it 
is better to get the seed into the ground 
as soon as possible, so the plants get to 
be some size before the cold weather 
comes. 

Towards the end of the month Black 
Eye Marrowfat Peas can be planted ; 
also, English or Windsor Beans. 

Sow Cabbage, Cauliflower, Broccoli, 
Brussels Sprouts, Kale, Spinach, Mus- 
tard. Swiss Chard, Carrots, Beets, Sal- 
sify, Leek, Corn Salad, Parsley, Eo- 
quette, Chervil, Kohlrabi, Radish. Let- 
tuce, Endive and Parsnip. Shallots 
from the first planting can be divided 
and set out again. Salsify does very 
finely here, but is generally sown too 
late; this is the proper month to sow 
the seed. The ground should be mellow 



and have been manured last spring. It 
should be spaded up very deeply, as the 
size and smoothness of the roots depend 
upon the preparation of the soil. 

Water the Celery with soap suds, and 
if the season has been favorable by the 
end of this month, some may be earthed 
up. 

Sow Rye. Barley and Red Oats, Or- 
chard Grass, Red and White Clover, and 
Alfalfa Clover. Strawberry plants 
should be transplanted ; they cannot be 
left in the same spot for three or four 
years, as is done North. The Wilson's 
Albany, and Sucker State, are the fav- 
orite varieties for the market. 

The Wilson's Albany do not make 
many runners here, but they form a 
stool, something like the plants of 
violets, and these stools have to be taken 
up and divided. 



NOVEMBER 



Continue to sow Spinach, Corn Salad, 
Radish. Lettuce, Mustard, Roquette, 
Parsley, Chervil, Carrots, Salsify, Pars- 
nips, Cress and Endive, also Turnips 
and Cabbage. Sui^rior Flat Dutch and 
Improved Drumhead, sown in this 



month, make fine Cabbage in the spring. 
—Artichoke should be dressed, if not 
already done last mouth. 

Sow Black Eye and other late varieties 
of Peas. Frost does not hurt them as 
long as thev are small, and during this 



FOR THE SOUTHERN STATES. 



91 



time of the year they will grow but 
very slowly. English Beans can be 
planted ; frost does not hurt them, and, 
if not planted soon, they will not bear 
much. 

Manure for hot-beds should be looked 
lifter, and ought not to be over one 
month old. It should be thrown to- 
gether in a heap, and, when heated. 



forked over again, so the long and short 
manure will be well mixed. The first 
vegetables generally sown in the hot- 
beds are Cucumbers ; it is best to start 
them in two or three inch pots, and 
when they have two rough leaves, trans- 
plant them to their place; two good 
plants are sufficient under every sash. 



DECEMBER 



Not a great deal is planted during this 
month, as the ground is generally occu- 
pied by the growing crops. 

Plant Peas for a general crop ; some 
Potatoes may be risked, but it is uncer- 
tain whether they will succeed or not. 

Sow Si.)inach, Roquette, Radish, Car- 
rots, Lettuce, Endive and Cabbage. 

Early varieties of Cauliflower can be 
«own in a frame or sheltered situation, 
to be transplanted in February into the 
open ground. Early Cabbages, such as 



York, Oxheart and Winningstadt, may 
be sown. 

To those who wish to force Tomatoes, 
I will say that this is the month to sow 
them. The best kind for that purpose 
is the Extra Early Dwarf. Red. It is 
really a good acquisition ; it is very 
dwarfish, very productive, and of good 
size, and bears the fruit in clusters, but 
will sell only for the first, as the fruit is 
not so large as the Livingston varieties, 
which come in later. 




92 RICHARD FEOTSCHER's ALMANAC AND GARDEN MANUAL 



FLOWER SEEDS. 



The following list of Flower seeds is not very large, but it contains all which is 
desirable and which will do well in the Southern climate. I import them from one 
of the most celebrated growers in Prussia, and they are of the best quality. There 
are very few or no flower seeds raised in this country, and Northern houses, which 
publish large lists and catalogues, get them from just the same sources as myself; 
but they, on an average, sell much higher than I do. Some varieties, which are 
bi-ennial in Europe or North, flower here the first season ; in fact, if they do not, they 
generally do not flower at all, as they usually are destroyed by the continued long- 
heat of summer. Some kinds grow (luicker here and come to a greater perfection 
than in a more Northern latitude. 

Flower seeds require a little more care in sowing than vegetable seeds. The 
ground should be well pulverized and light enough not to bake after a rain. Some 
of the more delicate and finer varieties are better sown in boxes or seed pans, 
where they can be better handled and protected from hard rains or cold weather; 
the other kinds do not transplant well, and are better sown at once where they are 
to remain, or a few seeds may be sown in small pots to facilitate transplanting into- 
the garden without disturbing the plants, w^hen large enough. Some have very 
fine seeds, which the mere pressing of the hand or spade to the soil will cover ; others- 
may be covered one-fourth of an inch, according to their size. Watering should be 
done carefully, and if not done with a syringe, a watering pot, where the holes of 
the spout are very fine, should be used. 

By setting the plants out, or sowing the seeds in the border, consideration 
should be taken of the height, so that the taller varieties may be in the middle and 
the dwarf kinds on the edge of the bed. 

The seeds are put up at ten cents a package, fifteen packages for one dollar, 
except a few rare or costly kinds, where the price is noted. All flow'er seeds in 
packages are mailed free of postage to the purchaser. Where there is more than 
one color, I generally import them mixed, as I find that most of ray customers do 
not wish to purchase six packages, or more, of one variety, in order to get all the 
colors. One package of Asters, Zinnia, Phlox, Chinese Pink, German Stocks, 
Petunia, Portulaca, and others, will always contain an equal mixture of the best 
colors. 

Altliea Roi^ea. Hollyhock. This | of all shades, from white to dark purple 



flower has been much improved of late 
years, and is very easily cultivated. Can 
be sown from October till April. A'ery 
hard}'^ ; from four to six feet high. 

Alyssuin iiiaritiinuni. Sweet 
Alyssum. Yery free flowering plants, 
about six inches high, with white 
flowers ;very fragrant. Sow from October 
till April. 

Antirliiiiiiiii iiiajiis. Snapdragon. 
Choice mixed. Showy plant of various 
colors. About tw^o feet high. Should be 
sown early, if perfect flowers are desired. 
Sow from October till March. 

Aster. Queen Margaret. German 
Quilled. Perfect double quilled flower. 



and crimson. One and a half feet high. 

Aster. Trufaut's Pa^ony-Flowered 
Perfection. Large double ])a?ony-shapecl 
flowers, of fine mixed colors ; one of the 
best varieties. Two feet high ; sow from 
December till March. Asters should be 
sown in a box or in pots, and kept in a 
green-house,, or near a window; when 
large enough, transplant into the border. 
Take a shovel of compost and mix with 
the ground before planting. Put three 
to four plants together, and they will 
show better. They can be cultivated in 
pots. 

Adonis aiituoiiialis. Flos Adonis 
or Pheasant's Eye. Showy crimson. 



FOR THE SOUTHERN STATES- 



9'i 





Amaranth us Salicifolius, Fountain IMant. 



Trufaut's Piponv-l-'lowcred Aster. 




Althoa Rosea. 



tierman Quilled Aster. 



-Vmaranthus Tricolor. 




Amaranthus Caudiitui 



Double Daisy 



94 



RICHARD FROTSCHER S ALMANAC AND GARDEN MANUAL 



flower, of long duration. One foot high. 
Sow from November till April. 

Ainarunthus eaudatus. Love 
Lies Bleeding. Long red racemens with 
blood red flowers. Very graceful ; three 
feet high. 

Ainarantiiiis tricolor. Three 
colored Amaranth. Very showy; cul- 
tivated on account of its leaves, which 
are green, yellow and red. Two to three 
feet high. 

AiiiaraHtiaMSl>acolor. Two colored 
Amaranth. Crimson and green varie- 
gated foliage ; good for edging. Two 
feet high. 

AmaraBBtBaiis SalicifoliBis. Foun- 
tain Plant. Eich colored foliage, very 
graceful. Five to six feet high. Sow 
from February till June. 

Aquile^ia. Columbine. A showy 
and beautiful flower of different colors ; 
two feet high. Sow from October till 
March. Should be sown early if flowers 
are wished ; if sown late will not bloom 
till next season. 

Balsamina Morteiasis. LadySlip- 
l^er. A well known flower of easy cul- 
ture. Kequires good ground to produce 
double flowers. 

Balsaiiaina. Improved Camelia- 
flowered. Very double and beautiful 
colors. The strain which I offer of this 
variety is very flne ; but to have them 
perfect, they should not be sown too 
soon. In rich ground and during dry 
weather they require plenty of water. 

Balsaiiiina camellia flora alba. 
Pure white flowers, used for bouquets ; 
about two feet high. Sow from Febru- 
ary till August. 

Bellis Pcrcamis. Daisy. Finest 
double mixed variety ; four inches high. 
From October till January. 

Cacalia coccinea. Scarlet Tassel 
Flower A profuse flowering plant, with 
tassel-shaped flowers in cluster; one 
and a half feet. Sow February till May. 

Calendula ofliciaialis. Pot Mari- 
gold. A plant which, i)roperly speaking, 
belongs to the aromatic herbs, but 
sometimes cultivated for the flowers, 
which vary in differentshades of yellow; 
one and a hall' feet high. From January 
till j^pril. 



Celosia cristata. Dwarf Cock's- 
conib. Well known class of flowers 
which are very ornamental, producing 
large heads of crimson and yellow 
flowers ; one to two feet high. Sow from 
February till August, 

Cliea'iaaatlati^Claea'i. Wall Flower. 
This flower is highly esteemed in some 
parts of Europe, but does not grow very 
perfectly here, and seldom produces the 
large spikes of double flowers which 
are very fragrant. Two feet high. No- 
vember till March. 

CaiiapaaiiBla SpecaiUana. Bell- 
Flower, or Venus' Looking-Glass. Free 
flowering plants of different colors, from 
white to dark blue ; one foot high. Sow 
from December till March. 

Ceiatawa^ea cyauais* Bottle Pink. 
A hardy annual of easy culture, of 
various colors ; two feet high. 

Ceiataiia'ea suavoleais. Yellow, 
Sweet Sultan. December to April. 

Ciaaea^aria iaybrida. A beautiful 
green-house plant. Seed should be sown 
in October or November, and they will 
flow^er in spring. Per package, 25 cents. 

Cineraria Maa^itiana. A hand- 
some border plant, which is cultivated 
on account of its silvery white leaves. 
Stands our summer well. 

Coleus. A well known and beautiful 
bedding plant, which can be easily pro- 
pagated by seeds which produce differ- 
ent shades of colored plants. 

Diaoatiaus Baa^batiis. Sweet Wil- 
liam. A well known plant which has 
been much improved of late years. 
Their beautiful colors make them very 
showy. Should be sown early, otherwise 
they will not flower the first spring ; one 
and a half feet high. October till ApriL 
Diaiatlaias Claineaasis. Chinese 
Pink. A beautiful class of annuals of 
various colors, which flower very pro- 
fusely in early spring and summer; one 
foot high. From October till April. 

DiantSaiis IIeddewig:g^ii. Japan 
Pink. This is the most showy of any of 
the annual pinks. The flowers are very 
large and of brilliant colors ; one foot 
high. Sow from October till April. 

Diantlataspltaniaris. Border Pink. 
A fragrant pink used for edging. The 



FOR THE SOUTHERN STATES. 







Celosia Cristatii. 



Balsumina C'amellia-FloxwiHMl. 



C'aleiKluhi ofliciiiali^. 



96 



RICHARD FROTSCHER S ALMANAC AND GARDEN MANUAL 



flowers are tinged, generally pink or 
white, with a dark eye. Does not flower I 
the first year ; two feet high. Sow from | 
January till April. ' 

Diaiithus caryophy""*. Carna- 
tion Pink. This is a well known and i 
highly esteemed class of flowers. They \ 
.are double, of different colors, and very 
fragrant; can be sown either in fall or 
spring; should be.- shaded during mid- } 
summer and protected from hard rains ; ; 
three to four feet high. November till \ 
April. 

DiaaitliU!S Pir.otee. Finest hybrids. 
Stage flowers saved from a collection 
of over 500 named varieties ; per 
package 50c. 

Diantlius piimila. Early dwarf 
flowering Carnation. If sown early this 
variety will flower the first season. 
They are quite dwarfish and flower very 
profusely. November till April. 

l>eli>liiuiuiii Iiiaperialis, 11. pi. 
Imperial flowering Larkspur. Very 
handsome variety of symmetrical form. 
Mixed colors ; bright red, dark blue and 
red stripes ; la feet high. 

nelpliiniuiii ajacis. Kocket Lark- 
spur. Mixed colors ; very shoM^y ; two 
and a half feet. 

Delpliliiiaiii Cliincnsis. Dwarf 
China Larkspur. Mixed colors ; very 
pretty; one foot high. November till 
April. 

Note.— None of the above three varie- | 
ties transplant well, and are better sown 
at once where they are intended to re- 
main. 

Dahlia. Large flowering Dahlia. 
Seed sown in the spring will flower by 
June. Very pretty colors are obtained 
from seed ; the semi-double or single 
ones can be pulled up as they bloom; , 
but those seeds which are saved from 
fine double varieties will produce a good , 
per centage of double flow^ers. Febru- 
ary till June. 

Esclischoltzia Califoriiica. Ca- 
lifornia Poppy. A very free fiowering I 
plant, good for masses. Does not trans- | 
plant well. One foot high. December | 
till April. 

Oaillardia bicolor. Two colored i 
'Gaillardia. Very showy plants, which ' 



continue to flower for a long time. 
Flowers red, bordered with orange yel- 
low. One and a half feet high. Janu- 
ary till April. 

Oillia. Mixed Gillia. Dwarf plants, 
which flower freely of various colors. 
One foot. December till April. 

Oomplirena alba and psirpiirea. 
White and Crimson Batchelor Button 
or Globe Amaranth. Well known va- 
riety of flowers; very early and free 
flowering ; continue to flower for a long- 
time. Two feet high. From February 
till August. 

Oeranium Zonale. Zonale Ger- 
anium. Seed saved from large flower- 
ing varieties of different colors ; should 
be sown in seed pans, and when large 
enough transplanted into pots, where 
they can be left, or transplanted in 
spring into the open ground. 

Oeraniuiii pelarg^oiiiuiii. Large 
flowering Pelargonium. Spotted varie- 
ties, 25 cents per package. 

Creraniiini odoratissiina. Apple- 
scented Geranium. Cultivated on ac- 
count of its fragrant leaves ; 25 cents 
per package. Both of these kinds are 
pot plants, and require shade during 
hot weather. Should be sown during 
fall and winter. 

Oypsopliila paiiiciilata. Gypso- 
phila. A graceful plant with white 
flowers, which can be used for bouquets. 
One foot high. From December to 
April. 

HelJotropiuiii. Mixed varieties 
with dark and light shaded flower. A 
well known plant, esteemed for the 
fragrance of its flowers, which are pro- 
duced during the whole summer in great 
profusion. This plant is generally pro- 
pagated by cuttings, but can also be 
raised from seed. Should be sown in a 
hot-bed if sown early. 

Heliclirysuui fiiioaBSirostiiii :il- 
biiiii. White Everlasting Flower. 
Very showy double flowers. One and a 
half feet high. 

HeliclBi'ysui" iitoiistrosiiiii rub- 
rum. Bed Everlasting Flower. Very 
ornamental. One and a half feet high. 
December till April. Does not trans- 
plant well. 



FOR THE SOUTHERN STATES. 



^7 




Cacalia, Cocciuea. 



Delphinium Chinensis. DiantliuS) Caryophyllus. 





Purple Globe Amaranth. 



WWii/fv 




Dianthus Picotee. 



Dianthus Heddewiggii. 



?)3 



"RICHARD FROTSCHER S ALMA^'AC AND GABBEK MAN'TJAL 



Meiianthus fl. pi. Double Flower- 
ing Sunflower. A well known plant, 
with showy yellow flowers. The double 
is often cultivated in the flower garden. 
The single varieties are cultivated most- 
ly for the seed. They are said to be 
anti-malarious. Four feet high. Feb- 
ruary till May. 

Iberis amara. White Candytuft. 
A well known plant raised a good deal 
by florists for bouquets. Can be sown 
at different times to have a succession of 
flowers. One foot high. 

Iberis umbeBata rosea. Purple 
Candytuft. One foot. October till April. 

Xinum g^raiidi^orimi rubruni. 
Scarlet Flax. A very pretty plant for 
masses or borders, with bright scarlet 
flowers, dark in the centre. One foot. 
January till April. 

ItObelia erinus. Lobelia. A very 
graceful plant with white and blue 
flowers, well adapted for hanging bas- 
kets or border. Half foot. October till 
March. 

liychnischalcedonica. Lychnis. 
Nice plants with scarlet, white and rose 
flowers. Two feet. December till April. 

Xupinus. Lupinus. Plants ^vith 
spikes of flowers of various colors. 
Should be sown soon. Does not trans- 
plant well. Two feet. October till 
March. 

Ulathiola an&iua. Ten weeks stocks. 
This is one of the finest annuals in cul- 
tivation. Large flowers of all colors, 
from white to dark blue or crimson. 
Should be sown in pots or pans, and 
vrhen large enough transplanted into 
rich soil. One and a quarter feet. Octo- 
ber till March, 

Mesembryantheniiiiu crystaUi- 
nuna. Ice i lant. Neat ] laut with icy 
looking foliage. It is of spreading habit. 
Good for baskets or beds. One foot. 
February till March. 

JYliinulus ti^rinus. Monkey flower. 
Showy floweis of yellow and brown. 
Should be sown in a shady place. Does 
not trans[)lant well. Half foot. Decem- 
ber till March. 

Matiicaria capeiLsis. Double 
Matricaria. White double flowers, re- 
sembling the Daisy, but smaller; are 



fine for bouquets; blooms very nearly 
the whole summer. Two feet. Decem- 
ber till March. 

Mimosa piidica. Sensitive Plant. 
A curious and interesting plant which 
folds up its leaves when touched. One 
foot. February till June. 

Mirabills jalapa. Marvel of Peru. 
A well known plant of easy culture; 
producing flowers of various colors. It 
forms a root which can be preserved 
from one year to another. February till 
June. Three feet. 

Myosotis palustris. Forget-me- 
not. A fine little plant with small, blue, 
star-like flowers. Should have a moist, 
shady situation. Does not succeed so 
well here as in Europe, of which it is a 
native. Half foot higb. December till 
March. 

Nemopbila Insignis. Blue Grove 
Love. Plants of easy culture, very 
pretty and profuse bloomers. Bright 
blue with white centre. One foot high. 

Neniopbila oiaculata« Large 
white flowers spotted with violet. One 
foot high. December till April. 

IVig^elSa dainascena. Love in a 
Mist. Plants of easy culture, with light 
blue flowers. Does not transplant well. 
One foot high. December till April. 

Nlereniberg:ia g:racilis. Nierem- 
bergia. Nice plants with delicate foli- 
age, and white flowers tinted with lilac. 
One foot high. November till April. 

CCiiotbera Laaaarckiaoa. Eve- 
ning Primrose. Showy, large yellow 
flowers. December till April. Two feet 
high. 

Papaver Somuifcrum. Double 
flowering Poppy. Of different colors; 
very showy. 

Papaver ranuncuBus flowered. 
Double fringed flowers; very showy. 
Cannot be trans; lanted. Two feet high. 
October till March. 

Petunia bybrida. Petunia. Splen- 
did mixed hybrid vai'ieties. A very de- 
corative plant of various colors, well 
known to almost every lover of flowers. 
Plants are of si rt a ling habit, about one 
foot high, January till May. 

Petunia IIor;fi pleno. Large dou- 
ble flowering vaiiciies. They are hy- 



FOB THE 80UTHKBN STATEB. 



99 



bridized with the finest Strains, and will i Phlox Driimmondii. Drum' 

give from 20 to 25 per cent, of double ' mond's Phlox. One of the best and most 

flowers. Very handsome; 25 cents per popular annuals in cultivation. Their 

package. January ti)l March, 1 various colors and length of flowering, 




Early Dwarf Double Carnation Pink. 



Gaillardia Bieolor 



Lobelia Erinus. 




Heliotropium, 




Mathiola Annua. 




Qoranium Zonale. 



1(')0 



EICHABD FEOTSC'HER'g''ALMAKA:C AND &ARDEN MANUAL 







Blue Grove Love. 




Petunia Hybridf 














Xigella Damascena. 



with easy culture, make them favorites 
with every-one. All fine colors mixed. 
One foot high. December till April. 

Plilox DruiHinondii grandi- 
flora. This is an improvement on the 
above; flowers are larger, with white 
centre, different colors mixed. Very 
beautiful. One foot high. December 
till April. 

PJitox Druiumondii g^randi- 
flora aiba. Pure White, some with 
purple or violet eye.— 

Phlox Druniiiio»dii g:randi- 
flora, stellata splendour. (New.) 
This is admitted to be the richest co- 
lored and most effective of all large- 
flowered Phloxes. It combines all the 
good qualities of the Spleudens, with 
the addition of a clearly defined, pure 
white star, which contrasts strikingly 
with the vivid crimson of the flowers. 

Portulaca. A small plant of great 
beauty, and of. the easiest culture. 
Does best in a well exposed situation, 
where it has plenty of sun. The flow- 
ers are of various colors, from white to 
bright scarlet and crimson. The plant 
is good for edging vases or pots ; or 
where large plants are kept in tubs, the 
surface can be filled with this neat 
little genus of plants. Half toot high. 
February till August. 

Portulaca g:raudiflora fl. pi. 
Double Portulaca. The same variety 
of colors with semi-double and double 
flowers. Half foot high. February till 
August. 

Primula veris. Polyanthus. An 
herbaceous plant of various colors, 
highly esteemed in Europe. Half foot 
high. December till April. 

Primula cliiiieusis. Chinese Prim- 
rose. A green-house plant, which flow- 
ers profusely and continues to bloom 
for a long time ; should be sown early 
to insure the plant flowering well. Dif- 
ferent colors; mixed, per package, 25 
cents. One and a half feet high. Oc- 
tober till February. 

Pyretlirum a urea. Golden Fea- 
ther. The flowers resemble Asters. It 
has bright yellow leaves which make 
it- very showy as a border if massed 
with plants, such as Coleus, etc. 



FOR THE SOUTHERN STATES. 



101 




Lychnis Chalccdonica. 



f f \ 





Geranium Pelargonium. 





Do.ubJe Matricaria. 



Ilelichrysum Monstrosum Album. 



102 



RICHARD rROTSCHER*S ALMANAC AND GARDEN MANUAL 




CEnotliera Lamarokiana. 




Papaver Ranuuculus Flowered. 




Poptulaca, 



Reseda odorata. Sweet Migno- 
nette. A fragrant plant and a favorite 
with everybody. One foot hi^h. 

Reseda gfrandlflora. Similar to 
the above plant and flower, spikes lar- 
ger. Fifteen inches. December till 
April. 

Scabiosa nana. Dwarf Mourning 
Bride. Plants of double flowers of va- 
rious colors. One foot high. Decem- 
ber till April, 

Saponaria calabrica. Soapwort. 
A very free flowering annual, of easy 
culture, resembling somewhat in leaves 
the Sweet William. One and a half feet 
high. December till April. 

Salvia cocciiiea splendens. 
Scarlet Salvia or Eed Flowering Sage. 
A pot or green- house plant, but which 
can be grown as an annual, as it flowers 
freely from seed the first year. Two to 
three feet high;- February till April. 

Silcne Armeria. Lobel'sCatchfly. 
A free blooming plant of easy culture; 
flowers almost anywhere. Red and 
white. One and a half feet high. 

Tag"etes erecta. African or Tall- 
growing Mari^'oid. Very showy annuals 
for borders, with bright yellow flowers 
growing upright. One and a half feet 
high. 

Tagetes patuBa. French or Dwarf 
Marigold. A very compact dwarf grow- 
ing variety, covered with yellow and 
brown flowers. One and a half feet 
high. January till April. 

Torenia Fournieri. A plant from 
Mexico of recent introduction, but which 
has become very popular in a short 
time. It stands the heat well, is well 
adapted to pot culture, and makes one 
of the most valuable bedding plants we 
have. The flowers are of a sky blue 
color, with three spots of dark. blue. 
The seeds are very fine and take a good 
while to germinate. It transplants very 
easily. 

Verbena hybrida. Hybridized Ver- 
bena. A well known and favorite flower 
for borders. Their long flowering and 
great diversity of color make them 
valuable for every garden, however 
small. All colors mixed. One and a 
half feet high. January till April. 



I'OE The southern sTaTeS. 



103 




Phlox Drumondii Grandifior 





Phlox Drummondii G;andiflora irtellata Splendcus. [New.] 



Scahiosa nana. 



104- 



EICEAED rr.OTSCHER S ALMAIS'AC A2sD GAEDEN MAISTAL 




Primula Veris. 



Petunia Hvbrida, Double. 



Tagetes Erecta. 




Tagetes Patula. 



Vinca Rosea and Alba. 



Reseda Odorata. 



Verbena Striped Italian, These 
are beautiful striped kinds of "all colors 
with large eyes. 

Verbena JViveni. White Verbena. 
Pure white Verbena of more or less fra- 
grance. One and a half feet high. 
January till April. ^-^^~ ■ 

Vinca rosea and alba. Eed and 
White Periwinkle. Plants of shining 
foliage, with white and dark rose colored 
flowers, which are produced the whole 
summer and autumn. Two feet high. 
February till April. 

Viola odorata. Sweet Violet. Well 
known edging plant, which generally is 
propagated by dividing the plants ; but 
can also be raised from seed. Half foot 
high. Sown from January till March. 



Viola tricolor maxima. Large 

flowering choicest Pansy. This is one 
of the finest little plants in cultivation 
for pots or the open ground. They are 
of endless colors and markifigs. When 
planted in the garden, they will show 
better if planted in masses, and a little 
elevated above the level of the garden. 
Half foot high. Octol)er until March. 

Large Trimardeau Pansy. This 
is the largest variety in cultivation ; the 
flowers are well formed, generally three 
spotted ; quite distinct; the plants grow 
compact. 

Zinnia eleg^ans fl. pi. Double 
Zmnia. Plants of very easy culture, 
flowering very profusely through the 
whole summer and fall ; producing 



FOR THE SOUTHERN STATES. 



105 




Toreuia Fauruieri. 



Cho.icest Large English Pausy. 



106 



RICHARD FEOTSCHEr's ALMANAG A^X) GARDEN MANtTAL 




LargQ Trimai'deau Pansy. 




Double Portulaca. 




Hybridized Verbena. 



double llowers of all colors, ajmost as j section, especially desirable. The corn- 
large as the flower of a Dahlia. Three pact, bushy plants rarely grow over two 



feet high. February till AuQust. 
Zinnia elegsjtns piiinila fl. pi. 

Pwarf Pouble Mixed. A new dwarf 



feet high, and are covered with large, 
double Dahlia like flowers of great 
beauty. 



FOR THE SOUTHERN STATES. 



107 



CLIMBING PLANTS 






f \M¥m 





Balloon Viii?. 





Morning- Glory. 



Mixed Tlaunbergia. 



Beniiicasa cerifera. Wax Gourd. 
A strong growiog vine with long shaped 
dark crimson fruit, which looks very 
ornamental. It is used for preserves. 

Cardiosperniiini. Balloon Vine. 
A quick-growing climber, the seeds of 
which are in a pod shaped like a minia- 
ture balloon, therefore the name. 

Cobaea SeandeFis. Climbing 
Cobsea. Large purple bell shaj^ed' 
flowers. Should be sown in a hot-bed, 
and not kept too moist. Place the seed 
edgewise in the ground. Twenty feet 
high. January till April. 

ConvoBvuBus major. Morning 
Glory. Well known vine with various 
handsomely colored flowers, of easy 



culture. Grows almost anywhere. Ten 
feet high. February till July. 

CsircurbJta. Ornamental Gourd. 
Mixed varieties or Ornamental Gourds 
of different shapes and sizes. February 
till May. 

Curciirbita Bag^eoiaria cluBcis. 

Sweet Gourd. A stronor growing vine 

of which the young fruits are used like 

S'piash. Feb]-uary till April. 

DoIichosLiablab. Hyacinth Beans. 

; Free growing plant, with purple and 

' white flowers. March till April. 

IpoinsBa QiiainocBit rosea. Eed 
I Cypress Vine. Very beautiful, delicate 
j foliage, of rapid growth, with scarlet 
i flowers. 



108 



EICHAED FEOTSCHER's ALMANAC AND GARDEN MANUAL 





Hyacinth Bean. 



Maurandia Barclayana. 



IpomfeaQuamoclit alt>a. White 
Cypress Vine. The same as the red 
variety. 

Ipoiuaea Bona Nox. Lar.i^e Flow- 
ering Evening Glory. A vine of rapid 
growth, with beautiful blue and white 
flowers which open in the evening. 
Twenty feet high. February till June, 

L.athyr«s odoratiis. Sweet Peas. 
Beautiful flowers of all colors, very 
showy. Good for cut flowers, Six feet 
high. December till April. 

Mauraiidia Barelayaiia, Mixed 
Maurandia. A slender growing vine of 
rapid growth. Kose purple and white 
colors mixed. Ten feet high. February 
till April. 

Maiiiordica Balsamina. Bal- 
sam Apple. A climbing i)lant of very 
rapid growth, producing Cucumber-like 
fruits, with warts on them. They are 
believed to contain some medicinal vir- 
tues. They are put in jars with alcohol. 



and are used as a dressing for cuts, 
bruises, etc. 

Liiffa aciiSangiila. Dish Bag Vine. 
A very rapid growing vine of the Gourd 
family. When the fruit is dry, the flbrous 
substance, which covers the seeds, can 
be used as a rag. February till April 

Secliiuin edule. Vegetable Pear or 
Mirliton. A rapid growing vine . with 
grape-like leaves, of which the fruit is 
eaten ; there are two varieties, white and 
green. It has only one seed, and the 
whole fruit has to be planted. 

Tropaeoluiii iiiajus. Nasturtium. 
Trailing plants with elegant flowers of 
different shades, mostly yellow and 
crimson, which are produced in great 
abundance. Four feet high. February 
till April. 

Thimbergia. Mixed Thunbergia. 
Very ornamental vines, with yellow 
bell-shaped flowers, with dark eye. Six' 
feet high. February till May. 



BULBOUS ROOTS. 



Anemones. Double flowering. 
Planted and treated the same as the 
Banuuculus. They are of great varie- 
ties in color. 

Double Dutch, 40cts. per dozen. 

Dahlias. Fine double-named varie- 
ties. Plants so well known for their 
brilliancy, diversity of colors and pro- 
fuse flowering qualities, that they re- 



quire no recommendation. They can be 
planted from February till May; they 
thrive best in rich loamy soil. They 
should be tied up to stakes, which ought 
to be driven into the ground before or 
when planting them. To have them 
flower late in the season they should be 
I)lanted late in the spring, and the 
flower buds nipped off when they ap- 



FOB THE SOUTHERN STATES. 



109 





Anemones. 



Dahlias. 





Hybrid Gladiolos. 



Gloxinias. 



110 



tllCHASD FBOTSCHEe's ALMAKAC AXD GaBDEK MA^tTAL 




Lilium Lanciroii.um Rubrum. 



iHjuble Hyacinth. 



Single Hyacinth. 



pear; treated in this way, they will pro- 
duce perfect flowers during fall. Undi- 
vided roots, S3. 00 per dozen. 

The roots I offer are of the very best 
type, having taken special pains to dis- 
card varieties which did not flower well 
here. 

Gladiolus. Hybrid Gladiolus. One 
of the best summer flowering bulbs ; 
they have been greatly improved of late 
years, and almost every color has been 
produced ; is tinged and blotched in all 
shades from delicate rose to dark Ver- 
million. When planted at intervals 
during spring, they will flower at differ- 
ent times, but those that are planted 
earliest produce the finest flowers. The 
roots should be taken up in the fall. 

Hybrids mixed, first choice, 10c. each ; 
75c. per dozen. 

Hybrids, white ground, 1st choice, 10c. 
each ; 7-3c. per dozen. 



Oioxinias. These are really bulb- 
ous green house plants, but they can be 
cultivated in pots and kept in a shady 
place in the garden, or window. They 
are very beautiful; color from white to 
dark violet and criaison. The leaves are 
velvety, and on some varieties very 
large. They should be planted early in 
spring ; require sandy ground and a good 
deal of moisture during flowering time. 
French Hybrids, strong bulbs, $3.00 per 
dozen. 

Hyacinths. (Dutch.) Double and 
single. The Hyacinth is a beautiful 
flowering bulb, well suited for open 
ground or pot culture. They should be 
planted from October till February. If 
planted in pots it is well to keep in a 
cool, rather dark place, till they are well 
started, when they can be placed in the 
full li'jht and sun. Double and single, 
10 cents each ; rl.OO per dozen. 



I*OB THE SOUTHERN STATES. 



Ill 



Narcissus. Bulbs of the easiest cul- 
ture, planted from November to Janu- 
ary. 

Double WHte, sweet scented. 
Yellow Mixed, Polyanthus Narcissus. 
White 
Price, 5o. each ; 50c. per dozen. 



Liliiixn tig:riaii!iii. Tiger Lily. A 
well known variety, very showy and of 
easy en Lure ; 10 cents each. 

Liiiium ti|;riisiiin fl. pi. This is a 
new vaiiety ; it is perfectly double, and 
the petals are imbricated almost as reg- 
ularly as a camellia flower. Novel and 
fine, 15 cents each. 



JAPAN LILIES. 



Liiliuiti nuratum. Golden Band 
Lily. This is a very handsome lily ; the 
flowers are large and while, each petal 
having a yellow stripe. It is of easy 
culture. A loamy, dry soil suits it best, 
and planted one inch deep. 

The past season I had occasion to see 
several of this noble lily in bloom, and 
it is really fine; half a dozen flowers 
opening at the same time and measur- 
ing from six to nine inches across. It 
is very fragrant. I expect some fine 
bulbs, same as I had last year, imported 
direct from their native country. 

Flowering bulbs, 25c. each. 

JLilium ^lancifoliuiii album. 
Pure white, Japan Lily, 30 cents each. 

Liiiium laneifolium rubrum. 
White and red spotted, 15 cents each. 

Liilium laucifoBium roseum. 
Bose spotted, loc, each. 

These Japan Lilits are very beautiful 
and fragrant. Should be planted from 
October till January, Perfectly suited 
to this climate. 

Pseoifiia sieiensis. Chinese or her- 
baceous Pseonia. Herbaceous plants of 
different colors and great beauty ; they 
should be planted during fall in a shady 
situation, as they flower early in spiing. 
If planted too late they will not flower 
perfectly ; 40c. each. 

RanuiftcuSus. Double Floweiing. 
The roots can be planted duiing fall 
and winter, either in the o['en ground 
or in pots. The French varietits are 
more robust than the Persian, and the 
flow^ers are larger. The ground should 
be rather dry, and if planted in the oi en 
ground, it will be well to have the spot 
a little higher than the bed or border. 

French Kanuncu.us. . . .25c. i)er dozen. 




Lilium auratum. 




Tuberoses, rluublc llow 



112 



RICHARD FROTSCHEr'S ALMAKAC AND GARDEN MANUAL 



Scilla periiviaaia. These are 
^reen-house bulbs at the North, but 
here they are hardy, arid do well in the 
open ground. There are two varieties 
— ' the blue and white. They throw up 
a shoot, on the end of which the flowers 
appear, forming a truss. Plant from 
October till January^ 30 cents each. 

Tulips. Double and single Tulips 
thrive better in a more Northern lati- 
tude than this, but some years they 
flower well here, and as they are cheap, 
a few flowering bulbs will pay the small 
amount they cost: They should not be 



planted later than December, and 
placed very shallow in the ground ; not 
more than one-third of the bulb should 
be covered. When near flowering they 
require a good deal of moisture. Single 
and double, 50 cents per dozen. 

Tuberoses. Double Flowering. 
They are ornamental for the garden, 
and very valuable for making bouquets, 
i on account. of their pure white color 
j and great fragrance. Plant during the 
I spring months. Strong bulbs, 10 cents 
! each ; 75 cents per dozen. 









Ranunculus. 



Scilla peruviana. 





Single Tu-ip. 



FOR THE SOUTHERI? STATES. 



113 



BOUQUET PAPERS. 

I keep a large and varied stuck of bouquet papers, besides the different kinds 
enumerated below. I also have liner cpialiiies, satin, velvet and tarleton, ranging 
from tc^l.SU to *'4..50 each ; also, some new styles called Parisian, finished in the same 
exquisite style as those above, They are very appro[jriate for bridal bouquets. 

PASTED CARTONS. 




Measure includes the Lace 





Indies in 








Inches in 






No. 


diameter. 


per doz. 


per gross. 


No. 


diameter. 


per doz. 


per gross. 


4 


i| 


$0 15 


$1 50 


1622 


Ill 


$ 60 


6 75 


523 


4| 


15 


1 75 


1671 


111 


60 


6 75 


1716 


5 


20 


2 00 


1919 


12 


60 


6 75 


531 


5h 


15 


1 75 


533 


12 


60 


7 00 


1823 


5h 


15 


1 75 


12 


12 


60 


7 00 


1688 


7 


25 


2 75 


1789 


12i 


60 


7 00 


161)6 


7^- 


30 


3 00 


1604 


13" 


50 


6 00 


1648 


7-^ 


30 


3 25 


1760 


13 


60 


7 00 


1662 


8" 


35 


3 50 


1712 


13-1- 


70 


7 75 


518 


8 


35 


3 50 


1920 


13| 


90 


10 00 


1610 


8 


35 


3 50 


501 


14 


70 


7 50 


1682 


9 


40 


4 00 


1693 


15 


90 


10 00 


1685 


9 


40 


4 00 


1922 


15 


1 20 


13 50 


10 


al- 


40 


4 25 


176 


15 


1 00 


11 00 


1609 


io 


50 


5 00 


549 


16 


80 


9 00 


1690 


10 


50 


4 75 


1923 


16 


1 50 


15 00 


1918 


10| 


50 


5 00 


525 


18 


1 40 


12 00 


552 


10^ 


60 


5 00 


18 


18 


1 50 


15 00 


1677 


11 


60 


6 25 

ITAL 

With liJ 


507 

ANS 

Scallops. 


20 

J 


1 50 


17 00 






Inches in 


No. 


diameter. 


34 


3| 


24 


6 


119 


6| 


8 


7 





Measure exclusive of La.ce. 



each. 
$0 10 
10 
15 
10 



per doz. 
$0 75 

90 

1 25 
1 00 



No. 
31 
83 
99 



Inches in 
diameter. 

7i 

7k 

8i 



each. 

$0 15 

20 

20 



per doz. 

SI 50 

1 60 

1 75 



114 



RlCfiAtll) ^Oi:SCHER's ALMANAC AND GARDEN MANUAL 



TALIANS, 

With U Scallops. 











Measure exchisive of Lace. 






No. 


Inches in 
diameter. 


each. 


per doz. 


No. 


Inches in 
diameter. 


each. 


per doz. 


53 


6 


$0 10 


$1 00 


73 


9 


f 25 


S-2 25 


54 


u 


15 


1 40 


15 


12 


25 


2 50 


76 


H 


20 


1 80 











ITALIANS 



With Gilt or Silver Lace, 12 Scallops 

Measure exclusive of Lr.cc. 

Inches in 
No. diameter. each. No. 

33 6 gilt, 25cts. 33 

44 6| gilt and silver, ... 25 cts. 13 

39 7 gilt, 30 cts. , 15 



Inches in 
diameter. 

8 

9 

9 



gilt, . . 
gilt, ... 
silver, 



each. 
50 cts. 
50 cts. 
.50 cts. 




I'OR THE SOOl'HERN STATES. 



115 



THE NEW YORK SEED DRILL 



MATTHEWS' PATENT. 




I. take pleasure in calling your attention to a perfect Seed Drill. This Drill 
was invented and perfected by the father of the seed-drill business—Mr. E. G. Mat- 
thews. It has been his aim for years to make a perfect drill and do away with the 
objections found in all others, and in the New York he has accomplished it. Its ad- 
vantages over other drills areas follows : 



1. Marker-bar. under the frame, held 
by clamps, easy to adjust to any width 
by simply loosening thumb nuts. 

2. Adjustable plow, which opens a 
wide furrow, and can be set to sow at 
any depth. 

3. Open seed conductor to show seed 
dropping. 

4. Bars in seed conductor, for scat- 
tering seed in wide furrows, prevents 
disturbing strong plants when thinning 
out— an important feature. 

5. Ridged roller. 

6. Dial plate in full sight of operator, 
and made of patent combination white 
metal which prevents rust. 



7. Dial platel set on fulcrum, and 
hence holds close up,' preventing seed 
from spilling. 

8. It has a^large seed-box with hinged 
cover. 

9. Machine will stand up alone when 
not in use, not liable to tip over. 

It is the SIMPLEST, MOST COM- 
PACT and EASIEST DEILL TO HAN- 
DLE, being only 32 inches long. 

It covers the seed better, and runs 
very easy. 

Packed in crates for shipping. Weigh 
about 45 pounds. Price, $10 00. 



MATTHEWS' HAND CULTIVATOR 



The Matthews' Hand Cultivator is 
one of the best implements in use for 
weeding between row crops, and for flat 
cultivation generally, and is an indis- 
pensible companion to the seed drill. 

It is thoroughly constructed through- 
out, very durable; easy to operate. A 
boy can do as much icith it as six men 
with hoes. It spreads from 6 to 14 inches. 




Price, 16.00, boxed. 



T16 



BICHAED FE0TSCHEE*8 ALMANAC AND aABDITJs MAJftTAL 



aDcI vs-ill cut all the ground covered, even 
when spread to its greatest extent. Its 
teeth are of a new and improved pattern, 
and thoroughly pulverize and mellow 



the soil. The depth of cultivating may 
be accurately gauged by raising or low- 
ering the wheels, which is quickly done 
bv the use of a thumb screw. 



THE CHAUTAUQUA CORN AND SEED 

PLANTER. 




Pateuted April 4, 1852, 

Unequalled in SimjjUcity, Daraoility and Efficiency. 
The Best is the Cheapest. Pekeectly Simple. Simply Pekeect. 



DIKECTIONS. 

To set the seed cup— 'Loosen the set- 
screw and draw out the inside or narrow 
gauge far enough to drop the desired 
number of seeds. Then tighten the 
screw. For ordinary ]?Ianting, only the 
narrow gauge should be moved. In 
putting in phosphate, or a large quan- 
tity of seed, both the narrow and wide 
gauges should be drawn out together. 
By taking out the screws, the gauges 
may be drawn entirely out. 

In experienced or careful hands the 
machine will plant perfectly in any kind 
or condition of soil, mellow or soddy, dry 
or wet. 

To operate the pAanier. —VleiCQ the 
blades in the ground to the desired 
depth, in advance of you, having the 
"step" to the front, as in the cut, with- 
out its touching the ground. Then 
p^ressing down forward on the handle, 
walk fore ward. Tne step will press on 
the ground and then the blades will be 
opened, the seed deposited in the ground 



and a charge taken for the next hill. 
After walking past the planter, still 
pressing on the handle, lift it from the 
ground to place for the next hill ; as 
this is done the charge of seed will be 
heaed rattling down upon the steel 
blades, an.i the operator will know the 
seed is ready for the next hill. Use 
the planter as you would a cane, or as 
much so as possible. The blades must 
alicays enter the ground closed, and come 
out open. 

Its Efficiency.— We claim that the 
"Chautauqua" is not equalled as a drop- 
per and planter. By actual trial in the 
field with a number of good planters, 
it has been shown that our machine will 
cover the seed in different soils and at 
different depths, shallow or deep, better 
than any other planter. Our new im- 
proved seed a^lide. having double gauges 
for adjusting the seed cup, enables the 
planter to drop a/.'curately small or large 
seed in the quantity desired. 

Price, $2.25. 



rOR THE SOUTHERN STATES. 



117 



GARDEN IMPLEMEiNiTS. 




Loop Fastener, swlug socket Scythe Snatlx 




Ladies' Set, Floral Tools. No. 




Boys' Favorite Set. 




Weeding Hoe and Rake Combined. 



O. G. Hand Pruning Shear. 



Lang's Weeder. 



Dutch, 01* Scutfle Hoe. 



Fi'WCll Fcfii^^tiou SUeiU", 



118 



RICHARD FROTSCHEE'S ALMAlJAC A>sD GARDE^- ^ANEAL 



p^' 




Woodtison's Bellows, 



Cast Bteel Garden Trowel. 




StraAvberry or Transplanting Fork. 




:pading Fork, D Handle. 



Excelsior ^Yeeding Hook. 



Savnor's Priming Knife, No. 192. 



Savuor's Pruning Knife, No. 1. 4. 




Weiss' Hand Pruning Shear. 



FOR THE SOUTHERN STATES. 



119 





Slide Pruning Shears. 



Hedge Shear. 



120 RICHARD FROTSCHER^S ALMANAC AND GARDE>? MANUAL 



PRICE-LIST OF GARDEN IMPLEMENTS. 



IMPROVED AMERICAN GARDEN SYRINGES. 

No. A (Small) S2 25 

No. 2— Conservatory, with two extra roses , 4 50 

No. 3— Green House " " " 6 00 

No. 5- *' " *' " 7 50 

No. 8- " " " •' 8 00 

Lewis' Brass Syringe, spray only, If x 20 in 1 75 

HOES. 

W. A. Lyndon's Louisiana, No. OO—Field 80 

No. 0- " 85 

No. 1— " 90 

No. 2- *' 1 00 

" - No. 3- " 1 10 

W. A. Lyndon's Louisiana, No. 0— Toy 75 

No. 1- " 75 

No. 2-" 80 

Broad, Field No. 000 45 

" No. 00 ...050 

" No. 55 

0. A. Maynard's No. 2 55 

No. 4 65 

Briggs & Witle's Palmetto No. 2 40 

No. 3 45 

Sandusky Tool Co., No. 2 35 

No. 6.. 40 

Two Pronged German Forged Steel 60 

Iron City Grub No. 1 80 

Champion with handle 75 

Socket with handle 40c, 50c and 60 

Two Pronged Weeding, with handle 40c and 50 

Four " " " " . 50 

Dutch or Scuffle, with handle 60 

Hexamer Prong, with handle 1 25 

Solid Shank Cotton, with handle, No. 00 50 

Planter, " " No. 2 60 

Tiffin Patent Adjustable, No. 1 with handle 55 

No. 2 " .,.,....065 

No. 4 " 75 

German Pattern Garden, No. 7/0 " 35 

No. 5/0 " 40 

•* " No. 3/0 with handle 40 

" No. 1/0 " " 45 

" No. 2 " " 50 

" No. 4 " " 55 

" , " Grub or Sprouting, No. 7/0 with handle 45 

No. 5/0 " " 50 

" " Two Prong Grape with handle 75 



FOK THE 90t?THERN STATES. 



121 



RAKES. 

Cast Steel, 6 teeth $0 30 

" 10 " 40 

'• " 12 " 50 

*' 14 " .. 60 

*' 16 " 70 

Challenge KakeS; (Malleable Iron) 10 teeth 30 

12 " 40 

14 " 45 

16 " 50 

Wooden Head, (12 Iron teeth) 50 

Wooden Hay Kakes 25c'and 0'30 

English Wrought-Iron Kakes (10 teeth), without handle — 50 

" (16 " ) " '• 65c and 80 

SPADES. 

Ames' Long Handled (extra heavy) 1 10 

Ames' " " Bright 90 

Browlands' Long Handled, 75 

Jackson " " Bright 80 

French Steel, Bright, without handles $1 00 to 1 15 

SHOVELS. 

Rowland's Short Handled (square) 75 

Ames' Bright Long Handled, (round point) 90 

Rowland's Long Handled, (round point) 75 

Rowland's " '• (square) 75 

SCYTHE SNATHS. 

Handles for French Scythe Blades (with Ring and Wedge) 90 

No. 0, Plate Heel, slip ring 65 

No. 00, Patent Loop Fastener ... 75 

SICKLES. 

English (welded). No. 2 



No. 3 

Scotch (riveted back,) No. 
No. 1. 
English 



French Sickles 



No. 2.. 

No. 3 60 

No. 4 75 

No. 1 40 

No. 2 45 



SHEARS. 



Hedge Shears, 8 

10 

Pruning Shears 



inches 1 75 

" 2 00 

No. 1, (Weiss) ' 1 75 

No. 2, " 1 65 

No. 3, " 1 50 

No. 4, '' . 1 40 

O. G. No. 2 1 50 

American Sheeptoe , — 75 

French Perfection No. 1 2 75 

No. 2 2 50 

No. 3 2 25 



122 ^ RICHARD FROTSCHER*S ALMANAC AND GARDEN MANUAL 



Slide Pruning Shear, No. 1 62 50 

" No. 2 ,. 3 00 

" No. 3 . . 3 50 

" No. 4 4 00 

KNIVES. 

Union Knife Go's Budding, (wooden handles) 75 

Geo. Wostenholmes " : (white bone handle) No. 1, $1 00 ; No. 2 1 25 

H. & J. W. King's Pruning from 60c to 1 25 

Saynor & Cook's " from 75c to 1 00 

Saynor & Cook's Budding $1 00 and 1 25 

Aaron Burkinshaw's Pruning and Budding from 40c to 80 

FORKS. 

Oxford Spading, Long Handled 75 

(strapped) 80 

Spading Short Handled (strapped). 7oc, SI 00 and 1 25 

Manure Improved Ferrule Long Handled, 6 tine (strapped) 1 30 

'• Enterprise Long Handled, 4 tine (strapped) 70 

" Premium " " 4 tine " 70 

'■• Premium Short Handled, 4 tine 50 

POTATO HOOKS. 

Long Handled, 6 tine 65 

4 tine (flat) ... 50 

4 tine (round) ; . . 50 

SCYTHES. 

French, First Quality"(polished ), 22 inches 75 

" " " 24 " .. 85 

26 •' 1 00 

28 " 1 10 

" Second Quality (blue) 22 " 65 

24 " 75 

;; " " " 26 " . ..^..... 85 

28 " 1 00 

American Grass 75 

Blood's Champion Grass . . 75 

Bramble, 20 to 26 inches 75 

The French Scythe Blades are imported by me, and are of the best 
quality ; none better can be had. 

FLORAL TOOLS. 

The Boy's Favorite -Hoe, Spade and Rake. . . 2 00 

No. 5.-4 pieces, Hoe, Rake, Spade and Fork (Ladies' Set) 1 00 

PRUNING SAWS. 

Diston's 12 inch No. 7 . . . $0 90 

Compass 12 inch . . oO 

Crescent 12 " 75 

Duplex 16 " , 100 

Avery's Duplex 18 *' 100 

frown's 18 inch 75 



FOR THE SOUTHERN STATES. .- 123- 



WOODASON'S BILLOWS. 

Double Cone (for insect powder) 4 00 

Single " " " .100 

Atomizer (for liquid and powder) 2 00 

Pure Pyrethruni Powder for above bellows per box 50 

MISCELLANEOUS. 

Excelsior Weeding Hooks 25 

American Transplanting Trowels . . . 10c to 20 

English " " 7 inch 50 

Diston's Transplanting Trowels, (solid shank) 6 inch . 45 

Enterprise " " " 20 

Transplanting Forks, (Steel) 35 

" ' " (Malleable Iron) . 20c and 25 

English Bill or Briar Hooks 1 00 

Lang's Hand Weeder 25 

Patent Adjustable Tool Handle, with 4 pieces ... 75 

Toy Spades. 40 

Toy Shovels 50 

Dutch or Sc\iffie Hoes .. ..'. 45c and 50 

Philadelphia Broad-cast Seed Sower 6 00 

Western Files, 12 inch (flat) 35 

Fork Handles ((20 

Hoe Handles 15c and 20 

Ptake Handles 15 

Spade and Shovel Handles ■ 25 

Trowbridge's Grafting Wax per lb. 40c ; per I lb. 15 

Scotch Whetstones 20 

American Indian Pond Whetstone . - 10 

Darby Creek Whetstone 10 

French Whetstone . . 15 

WATERING POTS. 

6 Quarts, Japanned 45 

8 " " 55 

10 ■" " . 65 

12 " " 80 

IB " " 1 30 

Extra Heavy, (hand made^ $1 25, 1 50, 1 75 and 2 00 

The latter are made of the best material, mjkI have very fine rose heads; they 
are made by a mechanic who has been furnishing the vegetable gardeners for years 
with these pots, and has improved upon them until they are perfect for the ])urpose. 



1^4 



EicSASt) feotschee's almanac akd garden* manual 



Having: received many enquiries on 
lowiuo: letter, written by E. IE. Hudson, E: 
information thereon : 



Mr. R, Feotsches, Xew Orleans, La. 

Dear Sir :— Your letter of the 3d inst. 
has just reached me/ and I cheerfully 
comply "with your request to give you 
the results of my experiments with 
Lucerne or Alfalfa, and my opinion of it 
as a forage plant for the South. 

I preface my statement with the ob- 
servation that my experiments have 
been conducted on a naturally poor, 
piney woods soil (,which would be class- 
ed as a sandy soil , varying in depth 
from six inches to one foot. But I have 
good red clay sub-soil, which enables 
the soil to retain the fertilizers applied 
to ir, thus rendering it susceptible of 
permanent enriching. 

Three years since, when my attention 
was first directed to Alfalfa, I sought 
the advice of the editor of the Journal 
of Progress, Professor Stelle, who in- 
formed me that, after attempting for 
several years to cultivate it, he had de- 
sisted. He stated that the plant, at 
Citronelle,in this county, died out every 
summer, not being able to withstand the 
hot suns of our climate. Discouraged 
but not dismayed, I determined to test 
the matter on a small scale at first. 
Having procured some seed in March, 
1876, I planted them on a border in my 
garden, and gave neither manure nor 
work that season. The early summer 
here that year was very dry ; there was 
no rain whatever from the first of June 
to the 23d of July, and from the 2d of 
August to the Icth of November not a 
drop of rain fell on my place. Yet, 
during all this time, my Alfalfa re- 
mained fresh, bloomed, and was cut two 
or three times. On the 1st of Novem- 
ber T dug some of it to examine the 
habit of root-growth, and to my aston- 
ishment found it necessary to go 22 
inches below the surface to reach any- 
thing like the end of the top roots. At 
once it was apparent that the plant was, 
by its very habit of growth, adapted to 



the culture of Alfalfa, I reprint the foi- 
=4., a close observer on the subject, to give 

YlLLA FrIEDHEIM, 

Mobile County, Ala., September 7, 1S7S. 

hot and dry climates. It is indeed a 
"child of the sun.'*'" 

Encouraged by this experiment, in 
which I purposely refrained from giving 
the Alfalfa any care beyond cutting it 
occasionally, last year. I proceeded on 
a larger scale, planting both spring and 
fall, as I have done again this year to 
ascertain the best season for putting in 
the seed. My experience teaches that 
there is no preference to be given to 
spring sowings over those of autumn, 
'provided only, there be enough moist- 
ure in the soil to make the seed germ- 
inate, which they do more quickly and 
more surely than the best turnips. Two 
wiuters have proved to me that the 
Alfalfa remains green throughout the 
winter in this latitude, 25 miles North 
of Mobile, and at an altituie of 400 feet 
above tide-water. Therefore I should 
prefer fall sowing which will give the 
first cutting from the first of March to 
the 1st of April following. This season 
m.\ first cutting was made on the 1st of 
April : and I have cut it since regularly 
every four or six weeks, according to the 
weather, to cure for hay. Meanwhile 
a portion has been cut almost daily for 
feeding green, or soiling. Used in the 
latter way {for under no circumstances 
must it ever be pastured), I am able to 
give my stock fresh, green food, fully 
four weeks before the native wild grasses 
' comu^ence to put out. I deem it best 
to cut the day before, what is fed green, 
■ in order to let it become thoroughly 
i wilted before using. After a large 
] number of experiments with horses, 
, mules, cattle and swine, I can aver that 
I in no instance, from March to Novem- 
; ber, have I found a ease when any of 
these animals would not give the 
: preference to Alfalfa over every kind 
of grass (also soiled) known in this 
region. And, while Alfalfa makes a 
sweet and nutritious hay eagerly eaten 



FOB THE 80DTHERK STATES. 



123 



by all kinds of stock, it is as a forage 
plant for soiling, wliicli is available for 
at least nine nionlhs in the >ear, that I 
esteem it so highly. The hay is easily 
cured, if that which ib cut in the fore- 
noon is thrown into small cocks at 
noon, then sj read out after the dew is 
off next morning sunned for an hour, 
and at once hauled into. the barn. By 
this method the leaves do not fall off, 
which is sure to be the case, if the Al- 
falfa is exposed to a day or two of hot 
sunshine. 

It has been my habit to precede the 
Alfalfa with a clean crop— usually Euta- 
bagas, after which I sow clay peas, to 
be turned in about the last of July. 
About the middle of Sei-tember or later 
I have the land plowed, the turn-plow 
being followed by a deep sub-soil-plow 
or scooter. After this the land is fer- 
tilized and harrowed until it is thor- 
oughly pulveiized and all lumps broken 
up. The fertilizers employed by me are 
500 lbs. fine bone-dust (phosphate of 
lime) and 1000 lbs. cotton seed hull 
ashes per acre. These ashes are very 
rich in potash and phosphates, con- 
taining nearly 45 per cent of the phos- 
phate of lime — the two articles best 
adapted to the wants of this plant. I 
sow all my Alfalfa with the Matthews' 
Seed Drill, in rows 10 inches apart. 
Broad-cast would be preferable, if the 
land was perfectly free from grass and 
weeds; but it takes several years of 
clean culture to put the land in this 
condition, sowing in drills ispracUcally 
the best. No seed sower known to me 
can be compared with the Matthews' 
Seed Drill. Its work is evenly and 
regularly done, and with a rapidity that 
is astonishing; for it opens the drill to 
any desired depth, drops the seed, covers 
and rolls them, and marks the line for 
the next drill at one operation. It is 
simple and durable in its structure, and 
is the greatest labor-saving machine of 
its kind ever devised for hand-work. 

When my Alfalfa is about three in- 
ches high, I work it with the Matthews' 
Hand Cultivator. First, the front tooth 
of the cultivator is taken out, by which j 
means the row is straddled and all the 



grass cut out close to the plant; then the 
front tooth being re[)laced, the cultiva-^ 
tor is passed between the rows, com- 
pletely cleaning the middles of all foul 
growth. As often as required to keep 
down grass, until the Alfalfa is large 
enough to cut, the Matthews' Hand 
Cultivator is passed between the rows. 

Alfalfa requires three years to reach 
perfection, but even the first year the 
vield is larger than most forage plants, 
and after the second it is enormous. 
The land must, however, be made rich 
at first ; a top-dressing every three years 
is all that will thereafter be required. 
The seed must be very lightly covered, 
and should be rolled, or brushed in, if 
not sowed with a Matthews' Seed Sower. 

Whenever the plant is in bloom it 
must be cut ; for, if the seed be left to 
mature, the" stems become hard and 
woody. Also, whenever it turns yellow, 
no matter at what age, it must be cut 
or mow^ed; for the yellow color shows 
the presence of some disease, or the work 
of some small insect, both of which 
seems to be remedied by mowing 
promptly. My experience leads me to 
the conclusion that fully five tons of 
cured hay per acre may be (jounted on 
if proper attention be given to deep 
plowing, subsoiling, fertilizing and 
cleanliness of the soil. These things 
are indispensable, and without them no 
one need attempt to cultivate Alfalfa. 

In conclusion, I will remark that I 
have tried the Lucerne seed imported 
by you from France, side by side with 
the Alfalfa seed sent me by Trumbull 
& Co., of San Francisco, and I cannot 
see the slightest difference in appear- 
ance, character, quantity or quality of 
yield, or hardiness. They are identical ; 
both havegerminatedequally well, that 
is to say, perfectly. 

In closing, I cannot do better than re- 
fer you to the little treatise of Mr. C. W. 
Howard, entitled: "A Manual of the 
Grasses and Forage Plants at the 
South." Mr. Howard, among the very 
first to cultivate Lucerne in the South, 
gives it the preference over all other 
forage plants whatever. My experience 
confirms all that Mr. Howard claims for 



126 



RICHAKD FEOTSCHEE's ALiIA^'AC A>"d'OARDE>' MAXtjAL 



it. Certainly, a plant that lasts a generation is worthy of the bestowal of some time, 
patience and money to realize what a treasure they can secure for themselves. I 
confidently believe that in years from this date the Alfalfa will be generally culti- 
vated throughout the entire South. 

I am, respectfully yours, 

E, M. HUDSON, 

Coyn^ellor at Law, 
20 Carondelet Street, New Orleans. 



JERUSALEM ARTICHOKE. 

This tuber is well-known, and has been described by me in niy former Almanacs. 
It is used for the table, also for stock feed. It does best in a rich loam ; should be 
i:)lanted and cultivated like potatoes. They yield very heavy. 

Price, per bushel $2.50— per gall. 35 cents. 



DESCRIPTIVE LIST 



OF- 



SOME VARIETIES OF THE SORGHUM FAMILY. 



As a forage plant for early cutting, to 
be fed to stock, I do not think that any- 
thing is equal to the Amber Sorghum, 
such as I have been selling for years, 
imported from Kansas. After several 
cuttings, the branching varieties of 
Sorghum, also called Millo Maize, may 
be preferable, but more so for seed 
than forage.— The Teosinte will give 
more fodder than any of the Sorghums. 
Some varieties not before described and 
rather new here are the following : 

Yellow Millo Maize, or Yellow Branch- 
ing Dhouro, grows same as the Whiie 



Branching kind. The only difference 
exists in the size of the seed, which is 
twice the size of the white variety.— It 
is said to be somewhat earlier, seeds 
planted in April will ripen seed in 
July.— On account of its branching habit 
this grain should be planted in four 
or five foot rows, and two to three feet 
in the drill, according to the strength 
of the land, two plants in a hill. The 
cultivation is like corn. 

Price, 25c. per lb ; postage extra, 16c. 
per lb. by mail— 10 lbs. $2.00 by Express 
or Steamer. 



KAFFIR CORN. 

This grain was distributed in small 
quantities from the Georgia State De- 



partment of Agriculture in 1878, and in 
the hands of Dr. J. H. Watkins, of Pal- 
metto, Campbell County, Ga., it has 
been preserved, and fully developed, 
and was first brought to public notice 
through him in 1885. The seed offered 
for sale is from his own growing,- the 
genuine and pure stock crop of 1886. 

It is a variety of Sorghum, non Sac- 
charine, and distinctly differing in habit 
of growth and other characteristics from 
all others of that class. The plant is 



low, stocks perfectly erect, the foliage 
is wide, alternating closely on either 
side of the stalks. 

It does not stool from the root, but 
branches from the top joints, producing 
from two to four heads of Grain from 
each stalk. The heads are long, narrow, 
and perfectly erect, well filled with white 
grain, which at maturity is slightly 
flecked with red or reddish brown spots. 
Weiu-ht 60 lbs. per bushel. 

The average height of growth on good 
strong land, 5i to 6 feet; on thin land, 
4| to 5 feet. The stalk is stout, never 



ron THE SdlTTlIERN STATES. 



''1^7 



blown about by winds, never tan.nles," | 
and i^ always manageable, easily lian- 
dled. A boy can gal her the grain heads 
or the fodder. The seed heads grow 
from 10 to 12 inches in length, and pro- 
duct of grain on good land easily reaches 
50 to 60 bushels per acre. 

It has the quality common to many 
Sorghums of resisting drought. If the 
growth is checked by want of moisture, 
the plant waits for rain, and then at 
once resumes its processes, and in the 
most disastrous seasons has not failed 
so far to make its crop. On very thin 
and worn lands, it yields paying croj s 
of grain and forage, even in dry seasons 
in which Corn has utterly failed, on the 
same lands. 

The whole stalk, as well as the blades, 
cures into excellent fodder, and in all 
stages of its growth is available for green 
feed, cattle, mules and horses being 

TEOS 

(Reana lu 
This is a forage plant from Central 
America. It resembles Indian Corn in 
aspect and vegetation, but produces a 
great number of shoots 3 to 4 yards high ; 
it is perennial, but only in such situa- 
tions where the thermometer does not 
fall below freezing point. Cultivated 
as an annual, it will yield a most abun- 
dant crop of excellent green fodder. 

Considering the Teosinte a superior 
forage plant, the following extract of a 
letter from Mr. Chas. Debremond of 
Thibodeaux, La., will give additional 
light on the cultivation of same :— In 
describing his experience with Teosinte, 
he advises planting the seed in Febru- 
ary, so as to have the plants up early 
in March, as it takes some 14 or 20 days 
for the seed. to germinate. He prefers 



equally fund of it, and its quality not 
surpassed by any other "known variety. 
If cut down to the ground, two or more 
shoots spring from the root, and the 
growth is thus maintained until checked 
by frost. 

The Kaffir Corn may be. planted in the 
latter part of March, or early in April. 
It bears earlier planting than" other 
Millets or Sorghums. It should be put 
in rows not over three feet ajart, even 
on best land, and it bears thicker plant- 
ing than any other variety of Sorghum ; 
should be massed in the drill on good 
land, for either grain or forage purposes, 
and also on thin land, if forage mainly 
is desired. No plant can equal it for 
quality and quantity of grain and forage 
on thin lands. Use 3 to 5 lbs. of seed 
per acre. Price of seed, 20c. per lb ; lots 
of 10 lbs. for $1.50, by mail, post paid 
35c. per lb. ^ 

INTE. 

xurianH.) -■■-.- - 

planting in rows, as giving a heavier 
crop than when in hills ; and as its 
growth during the first month is very 
slow, he gives it a good hoeing for its 
first cultivation, using only the plough 
thereafter. 

He also advises cutting the stalks for 
green food when about 4 feet high, and 
specially recommends cutting them 
close to the ground, as tending to make 
a much heavier second growth than 
when cut higher. His horses, mules 
and cattle eat the stalks with great 
avidity, leaving no part un consumed, 
and prefer it much to green Indian Corn 
or Sorghum. 

Price, SI. 75 per lb. ; 50c. per { lb. ; 20c. 
per oz. Postage prepaid. 



128 BICHARD FKOTSCHER's ALMANAC AND GARDEN MANtJAL 

LIST OF A FEW VARIETIES OF FRUIT TREES, 

SUITABLE FOR THE SOUTHERN STATES. 



LE OONTE PEAR. 

This new Southern pear is as vigor- | North. Time of ripening begins about 

ous in growth as the China Sand, and is i the middle of July. So far, this pear 

an enormous bearer. The fruit is large, | has never been known to blight. It 

pale yellow, juicy melting, and of good j ijromises to be the pear for the South, 

quality, doing better in the South than i Eooted one year old trees, 3 to 6 feet 

elsewhere. Itbears transportation well, I 20 cts. each; $2. UO per dozen. 4— 8 feet, 

and commands the highest prices at the I 25 cts. each ; $2.50 per dozen. 

KIEFFER'S HYBRID PEAR. 



A variety from Philadelphia ; a hyb- 
rid between the China Sand and Bart- 
lett, both of which it resembles in wood 



low and red cheek ; flesh tender, juicy 
and well flavored. It comes into bear- 
ing at an early age. Kipens end of 



and foliage. It has the vigor and pro- , September, or beginning of October, 
ductiveness of its Chinese parents. | One year old trees, 25c. each; $2.50 per 
Fruit large and handsome; bright yel- dozen. 

BARTLETT PEAR. 

This well-known variety, one of the trees are imparted with the vigor of the 

finest pears in cultivation, has been latter, growing stronger and making 

successfully cultivated here ; but occa- finer and healthier trees. I have a lim- 

sionally it has blighted. Since the i ited number of trees, grafted on the 

introduction of the LeConte, trials have | LeConte Stock, for sale, 

been made wath success, that is by ; Two years old, well branched, 5—6 

grafting this, and other fine varieties, j feet high, 35c. each ; $3.50 per dozen, 
upon the LeConte;— by so doing, the 

DUCHESS D'ANGOULEME PEAR. 

Another popular variety which does well in this section. — On LeConte Stock. 
Two years old, well branched, 35c. each ; $3.50 per dozen. 

HOWELL PEAR. 

One of the best for here. Tree is an upright free grower ; it is an early and 
profuse bearer. 

Two years old, on LeConte Stock, 35c. each ; $3.50 per dozen. 

CLAPP'S FAVORITE PEAR. 

A large new pear, resembling the Bartlett; but does not possess its musky 
flavor. Fine texture; juicy, with a rich, delicate, vinous flavor. It is very pro- 
ductive. On LeConte Stock. 

Two years old, 35c. each; $3.50 per dozen. 

WILD GOOSE PLUM. 

A native variety from Tennessee, where it is highly esteemed for market. It is 
a strong grower; the fruit is large and of good quality. 
Price, 25c. each ; $2,50 per dozen. 



FOR THE SOUTHERN STATES. 



129 



MARIANNA PLUM 



A new i)luiii Ironi Texas, supposed 
accidental seodlinj? of tlie Wild Goose. 
It is a rapid grower. Grows from cut- 
tings ; it never throws up any suckers or 
sprouts. Fruit as large, good and hand- 
some as th(! Wild Goose ; one to two 



weeks earlier, hangs on better, ships 
well; ri[)ens and colors beautifully, if 
I)icked a few days previously. It is 
the best of the Chickasaw type. 

Price, 5—6 feet high, 30c. each; $3.00 
l^er dozen. 



KELSEY'S JAPAN PLUM 



The Primus Domestica, or European 
yarieties, have proven worthless in the 
South generally. The above will take 
their place promising good results, 
being of Asiatic origin. The Kelsey 
Plum is from two to two and a half 
inches in diameter, heart-shaped, rich 
yellow, with purple cheek. Parties who 
have been fruiting it here in the South, 



pronounce it tlie most magnificent plum 
they have seen ; it weighs from four to 
six ounces. It excels all other plums 
for canning and drying, and will carry 
for a long distance better than any other 
kind. Matures middle of August to 
September. Do not fail to try it. 
Price, 50c. each ; $5.00 per dozen. 



APRICOT PLUM 

(PRUNUS SIMONI.) 



A new plum from North China. It 
was fruited for the first time in 1885, by 
T. W. Munson, of Denison, Texas— the 
well-known nurseryman. The fruits, j 
when ripening, shine like apples of ! 
gold, and become of a rich vermillion i 
when ripe. It is very firm and mealy, [ 



and equal to any Plum ; has never been 
attacked by the Curculio. It will carry 
any desired distance. 

Tree very thrifty, upright; early and 
abundant bearer. 

Price, one year old trees, 50c. each ; 
S5. 00 per dozen. 



PEACH TREES. 

I have a line assortment of Southern grown Trees, selected from the well- 
known Nurseries of Gaines, Coles & Co. They consist of the following varieties, viz : 



FREE STONES. 

Ainsden. 
Alexander. 
Darly JLouise. 
Fleitas 8t. John. 
Mountain Ro^e. 
Fosfei'. 

Cravrford's Early. 
Amelia. 



FREE STONES. 

^tump the ^Vorld. 
Thurber. 
Old ITTixon. 
Crawford's Late. 
Smock. 

Picquet's L.ate. 
Lady Parham. 



CLING STONES. 

General Lee. 

Stonewall Jackson. 

Old ITIixon. 

Lemon. 

Heath. 

Nix White Late. 

IStinsoBi's October. 

Butler. 

Chinese. 



As they follow in the list they ripen in succession, 
Price, 25c each ; $2.50 per dozen. 



NEW PEACH. 

(JESSIE KERR.) 

The Jessie Kerr Peach has been well tested, and proves to be larger than the 
Alexander, and a week earlier; well suited to the South, but not recommended 
North. Give it a trial. 

Price, 4Uc. each ; $4.00 per dozen. 



130 



KICHAED FEOTSCHEK S ALMANAC AND GARDEN MANUAL 



JAPAN PERSIMON. 

This new valuable fruit has been fruited for the last few years. Most varieties 
are of excellent quality ; twice and three times as large as the native kind ; very 
attractive when the fruit is ripe. 

Assorted varieties. Price, 50c. each ; $5.00 per dozen. 

GRAPE VINES. 



Have some selected varieties for the 
ingis a list of them, viz. : 

MooB'e's Early. Large size and 
very early, good for table use. Price, 
25c. each. 

Delaware. Well known. Regarded 
as best American G-rape ; it does well in 
the South, with good soil and high cul- 
ture. Price, 20c. each ; $2.00 per dozen. 

€roetlie. Light pink ; very fine for 
table use. It is the best of Eoger's 
hybrids. Price, 20c. each; $2.00 per 
dozen. 

TriaasiipSa. This is a late variety; 
bunches very large, golden when fully 
ripe, fine as best foreign, and sells 
equally well ; melting pulp, small seeds, 
vigorous as Concord, of which it is a 
hybrid seedling. Earely it rots ; stands 
pre-eminently at the head as a late 
table grape. Price, 25c. each. 



table, and for making wine. The follow- 

NortoM's Virg-iiiia. An unfailing, 
never rotting, red wine grape of fine 
quality. Price, 20c. each ; S2.00 per 
dozen. 

CyaatSilaiia. Very much like the 
latter ; same price. 

CoiseorcB. Early ; very popular ; 
good for market. Some years it rots. 
10c. each ; $1.00 per dozen. 

Ives. Eipens with the Concord. 
Good for wine ; vigorous and productive. 
15c. each ; $1.50 jkm' dozen. 

Herl>efliaoBit (McMee . A most pop- 
ular and successful red or purple grape- 
in the South ; excellent for table or wine. 
McKee is identical with it. 

Price, 20c. each ; $2.00 per dozen. 

Prices for other Nursery Stock will be 
given on application. 



CELESTE OR CELESTIAL FIG 



I have 
year old 



only a limited supply of one 
trees of this variety. They 
have been raised from cuttings in a 
sandy loam ; are well rooted, and raised 
to a single stem ; not in sprouts, as is 
often the case, when raised from suckers 
taken off from old trees. 

The cultivation of this fruit has rather 
been neglected, wdiich should not be so, 
as the fig is always a sure crop, with 
very little attention. It has commenced 



to be an article of commerce, when 
preserved; shipped from here it sells 
quite readily North, put up in that way. 
The above variety is the best for that 
purpose, not liable to sour like the 
yellow skinned varieties, and sweeter 
than other dark skinned kinds. 

Price, 20c. each ; $2.50 per doz. ; packed 
and delivered on steamboat, or R. R.. 
depot. 



SUCKER STATE STRAWBERRY 



We have various sorts of soil in Louis- 
iana, and the Strawberry suitable to and 
succeeding equally well in poor or rich 
land, can only be determined by prac- 
tical experiment. 

There are but few varieties which 
adapt themselves to all soils and lati- 
tudes, hence the importance of planting 



those which experienced fruit growers 
have tested and found profitable. A 
Strawberry having all the good qualities, 
has not, and perhaps never will be- 
discovered ; still ?h choosing, it is well 
to purchase plants having. as many good 
points as possible. This I claim forthe- 
Sucker State. 



FOR THE BOUTHERN STATES. 



131 



It is bisexual; haviii,": botii, stamens 
and pistils perfect, The foliage is very 
heavy, protecting- the fruit from beating 
rains and hot sun. It is very prolilie, 
large size, good (luality, and cone 



shaped. Color bright red, very attract- 
ive, and in addition will shii) well. I 
offer this variety, at the following 
prices : 
60c. per 100, $5.00 per 1000. 



LOUISSANA SOFT SHELL PECANS 



This is a variety of nuts which only 
grows South, and is a sure crop here. 
Those who planted Orange trees twenty 
years ago, lost most of their labor in 
January, 1886, when seven-eighths of 
trees were killed by the severity of the 
weather. If Pecan trees had been 
planted instead, they would have 
brought a handsome income, and con- 



tinued to increase every year in their 
production, furnishing a never failing 
crop for a whole century. 

What I offer is of choice quality, but 
not quite so large as in former years. 

Price, 60c. per lb. ; 10 lbs. for $5.00; if 
ordered by mail, 16c. per lb. for postage 
must be added. 



EXTRA CLEANED BIRD SEED. 

I make a specialty to put up choice re-cleaned bird seed in cartoons holding 
one pound. These cartoons contain a mixture of 

SICILY CANARY, 
HEMP, 

GERMAN RAPE, 

AND GERMAN MILLET, 

all re-cleaned and of best quality. 

Have also plain Canary put up in same way, one pound cartoons ; this is of the 
very best quality and also re-cleaned. 

Price, 10c. per cartoon ; 3 cartoons, 25c. 

Have also in bulk, the above as well as Hemp and Rape. 

Cattle Fish Bone, 5c. a piece ; 50c. a pound. 



132 



RICHARD FROTSCHER's ALMANAC AND GARDEN MANUAL 



NOVELTIES FOR 1888, 

AND SOME VARIETIES OF SEED OF SPECIAL MERIT, 



King: of the EaWiest Tomatoes. 

When in New Jersey the past season, I 
found this variety with one of the most 
prominent truck farmers and seed 
growers. Its appearance was so s\rik- 
ing, that I secured a quantity of the seed, 
the product of the first gathered fruits. 
It is perhaps not quite so early as the 
Extra Early Dwarf, but very much 
superior to it otherwise. 

It grows to a medhim sized stout and 
branching vine ; upright in growth, until 
weighed down with fruit. The buds 
apjieai \ei\ soon Blo&soms, as a lule, 



adhere and produce fruit, setting in 
clusters of 10— 12 tomatoes which not un- 
frequently ripen within ten days of each 
other, while the entire crox:> has often 
been picked within a period of thirty 
days from jarst ripening. 'The leaves 
are rather curled, with large and deep 
cuts, giving the plant the appearance as 
suffering from drought, which is not 
the case. It is enormously productive, 
bright red in color and of a good size ; 
quite solid. It is the earliest tomato 
amongst the large kinds ; which fact has 
been p^o^ en b^ a ten \ eai^" test with all 




Kine of the Earliest Tomatoe 



roil THE SOUTHERN STATES- 



133 



the large varieties in the market, on 
the same soil, conditions and treatment. 
It is twenty days earlier than the 
Livingston's varieties, which is a great 
consideration for the market gardener. 
I recommend it very highly. Do not 
fail to give it a trial. 

Price, 25c. per packet ; live packets for 
$1.00. 

L<e»tz Beet. This new strain of 
Blood Turnip Beet originated with one 
of the most i)rominent market gardeners 
around Philadelphia. This beet, as 
selected and grown by him, has had a 
great reputation, in the surroundings of 
the above place, but the seed has been 
carefully guarded and kept, until re- 
cently, when it fell into the hands of a 
seed grower, from whom I have received 
my supply. It is fully as early as the 
Egyptian Beet, but larger and of better 
quality ; it has a fine turnip form with 
smooth roots, dark blood red flesh, 
tender and sweet at all times, never be- 
coming tough and stringy, even when 
old. The cut is an exact representation 
of its shape. Give it a trial. 

Price, «1.00 per lb. ; 15c. per oz. 
IVe^v IVIiite Field Corn, Hickory 
King*. In introducing this very valu- 
able and reliable New Field Corn, the 



originator claims to have The Largest 
Grained and Smallest Cobbed Pure 
White Dent Corn in the world. The 
grain is so large, and the cob is so small, 
that by breaking an ear in half, one 
grain will cover the entire end of the 
cob. The ears grow seven to nine inches 
in length, and six and a half inches in 
circumference, and are generally borne 
three to six to a stalk, thus making it 
enormously productive. It ripens early, 
maturing in one hundred to one hundred 
and ten days from planting. It is espe- 





llickdrv Kiiitr Coru. 



134 



RICHARD FROTSCHER S ALMANAC AND GARDEN MANUAL 



cially adapted to, and will yield more 
on thin soil than any other known 
variety of Field Corn, and if planted on 
good soil, will bear much closer plant- 
ing than other varieties, as the stalks are 
of medium growth. I nope that every 
one of my customers, who plant corn, 
will give the Hickory King a trial, as it 
is undoubtedly the most promising- 
White Field Corn ever introduced. 
Price, 75c. per gallon ; 25c. per quart, 
MiBia I^obafsa. This novelty, which 
is supposed to have first originated in 
Mexico, is one of the most beautiful 
climbing vines for ornamenting the 
garden. It closely resembles in growth 
and its three-lobed foliage the several 
species of the family of Ipomcea; but 
the flowers are altogether different. 
The flowers ai)pearon fork-like racemes 
bearing themselves upright or almost 
erect out of the dense and luxuriant 
foliage, and with their bright colors 
they])resent an extraordinary striking 
aspect. The buds are at first bright red, 
but change lo orange yellow, and when 
in full bloom, to yellowish white. The 
most singular feature of this plant is, 
that it retains the racemes developed at 
first during the whole flowering season, 
the buds continuing to grow success- 



I 




ively at the top of the racemes, while 
the lower flowers, after blooming for 
some time, fade, bearing thus con- 
tinually clusters of flowers from the 
bottom up to the highest vine of the 
plant. The oldest racemes attain a 
length of 15 to 18 inches, and at the end 
of the time of blooming, they have pro- 
duced from 30 to -10 individual flowers on 
each raceme, of which 6 to 10 had been 
in full bloom at a time. This plant is a 
very rapid growing climber; within 
three months the vine attains a height 
of 18 to 20 feet. It does well on sunny 
situations, and cannot be surpassed for 
covering arbors, trellises, etc., on ac- 
count of its rapid growth and great 
dimensions. 

Do not fail to give it a trial. 

Price, per packet, 25c. 

Ziaiciia, ele^aiasy^rasidiilora ro- 
busfsi pie2&i§si3iaa. A new variety 

recently introduced here from Germany. 
The plants of this new class of showy 
and attractive annuals, are of very 
robust growth and produce very large 
and extremely double flowers; meas- 
uring from 4 to 5 inches in diameter. 
The seed I offer for sale, come direct 
from the originator, and contain about 
eight different beautiful colors, mostly 
very bright. 
Price, per packet, 10c. 

Phlox Oi'iiBiiBiioafidii ABba, fl. b>I* 

This is really the first double flowering 
Phlox introduced. Fully two-thirds of 
the plants raised from this seed will give 
pure double white flowers. They can be 
used for bouquets, at the same time they 
are ornamental in the garden. 
Price, per packet, 20c. 




Miiia T.Dljata. 



Phlox Diummondii, Alba tl pi. 



FOR THE SOUTHERN STATES. 



135 




Zinnia, I':ie,£?ans. Granaiuura Robnsra Pleni«;siina 



136 



RICHARD FROTSCHER S ALMANAC AND GARDEN MANUAL 



PLANTERS' & GARDENERS' PRICE-LIST, 



COST OF MAILING SEEDS. 

Orders for ounces and ten cent papers are mailed free of postage, except 
Seans, Peas and Corn, See page 4 in regard to seeds by mail. On orders 
by the pound and quart an advance of sixteen cents per pound and thivty 
cents per quart ^nust he added to quotations for postage. 



SPECIAL DISCOUNT. 

On all orders, amounting to % 5.00 and over, 10 % discount. 

10.00 " 12 

20.00 " 15 

For larger quantities, special prices will be given on application. 
Tlie above discount is on all seeds, except Potatoes^ Oflion Sets^ 
Shallots and Grass Seeds^ which are net cash. 



VARIKTIES. 



ARTICHOKE. 

Large Green Globe (Loan). 
Early Campania : 



ASPARAGUS. 

Conover's Colossal 



BEAiVS— Dwarf, Snap or Bush. 

Extra Early Six Weeks or Newington Wonder. f 

Early Mohawk Six Weeks 6 

Early Yellow Six Weeks g 

Dwarf German Wax, (stringless) t^ 

White Kidney o 

Red Speckled French ^ 

Early China Eed Eye o 

Red Kidney !: 

Dwarf Golden Wax % 

Best of All. . 

Improved Valentine 

Wardwell's Dwarf Kidney Wax 

BEANS— Pole or Running:. 






PRICKS 



Large Lima '^ 

Carolina or Sewee ^^ 

Southern Willow-Leaved Sewee or Butter ^ 

Horticultural or Wren's Egg •'§ 

Dutch Case Knife ." g | 

German Wax - stringless ) ;^_ 1 

Southern Prolific pq' ' 

Crease Back 

Lazy Wife's 

Golden Wax Flageolet L 



Per ounce. 


Per I lb. 


$0 50 


%1 75 


40 


1 50 


10 


20 : 


Per quart. 


Per peck. 


$0 20 


$1 25 


20 


1 25 ! 


20 


1 25 1 


.25 


1 50 i 


20 


1 25 ! 


20 


1 25 


20 


1 25 


20 


1 00 


25 


1 50 


25 


1 50 


20 


1 25 1 


40 


2 50 1 


40 


i 
2 25 j 


40 


2 25 1 


40 


2 25 j 


bO 


2 00 


30 


2 00 


40 


2 25 


40 


2 25 


40 


2 25 


40 


2 50 


50 


3 00 ! 



Per lb. 

$6 00 
5 00 



50 

Per bushel 

$5 00 
5 00 

5 00 

6 00 



8 00 
10 00 



FOR THE SOUTHERN STATES. 



137 



VARIETIES. 



BEANS-Englisli. 

Broad Windsor 

N. B. —Prices for lar^ 
cation. 



:er (iiumtities given on appli- 



BEET. 

Extra Early or Bassano. . 
Simon's Early Bed Turnip 

Early Blood Turnip, 

Lon.Gc Blood 

Half Long Blood 

Egyptian Red Turnip — 
Eclipse... — 
Long Red Mangel Wurzel. 
White French or Sugar. . . 
Silver or Swiss Chard 



BORECOEE or CUREED KALE. 

Dwarf German Greens 

BROCCOEI. Purple Cape 

BRUSSELS SPROUTS. .. 

CABBAGE, 



Early York 

Early Large York • 

Early Sugar Loaf 

Early Large Oxheart 

Early Winningstadt 

Jersey Waketield 

Early Flat Dutch 

Early Drumhead 

Large Flat Brunswick ... . . . . 

Improved Large Late Drumhead. 
Superior Large Late Flat Dutch . 

Improved Early Summer 

Red Dutch i for pickling) 

Green Globe Savoy 

Early Dwarf Savoy. 

Drumhead Savoy. . . 

St. Denis or Chou Bonneuil 

Excelsior. 



CAUEIFLOl^VER. 

Extra Early Paris 

Half Early Paris 

Early Erfurt . . 

LeNormand's Short Stemmed 

Early Italian Giant 

Late Italian Giant 

Imf)erial 

Algiers ( fine) 

CARROTS. 

Early Scarlet Horn 

Half Long Scarlet French 

Half Long Luc ... . . 

Improved Long Orange 

Long Red, without core. ..... 

St. Valerie 

Danver's Intermediate. 



CEEERY. 

Large White Solid (finest American). 

HeartwelFs Perfection (very fine) 

Large Ribbed Dwarf 

Turnip-Rooted 

Cutting 



PRICES. 



Per quart. Pe-r peck. 

$0 25 I $1 50 

I 
Per ounce ■ Per 4 lb. 



Per bushel 
$ 5 00 

Per lb. 



$0 10 


f 20 


m 50 


10 


20 


50 


10 


20 


50 


10 


15 


40 


10 


20 


50 


10 


20 


50 


15 


25 


75 


10 


15 


40 


10 


15 


40 


10 


25 


75 


15 


40 


1 00 


30 


1 00 


4 00 


25 


75 


3 00 


25 


60 


2 00 


25 


60 


2 ()U 


25 


75 


2 50 


25 


75 


2 50 


25 


75 


2 50 


30 


1 00 


4 00 


25 


75 


2 50 


25 


75 


2 50 


25 


1 00 


3 00 


25 


1 00 


3 00 


25 


1 00 


3 00 


25 


1 00 


3 00 


25 


1 00 


3 00 


25 


60 


2 00 


25 


60 


2 00 


25 


75 


2 50 


25 


75 


2 50 


25 


1 00 


3 00 


75 


2 50 


10 00 


75 


2 50 


10 00 


75 


2 50 


10 00 


1 00 


3 00 


10 00 


1 00 


3 00 


12 00 


1 00 


3 00 


12 00 


1 00 


3 00 


12 00 


1 00 


3 00 


12 00 


10 


35 


1 00 


10 


25 


Hi) 


10 


35 


1 00 


10 


25 


80 


10 


35 


1 00 


10 


35 


1 00 


10 


25 


80 


30 


1 00 


3 00 


40 


1 25 


4 00 


25 


75 


2 50 


30 


1 00 


4 00 


15 


50 


1 50 



138 



UICHAKD FKOTSCHER's ALMANAC AND GAEDEN MANUAL 



VARIETIES. 



CHERVIL. 

Plain leaved. 



PRICES. 



COLLAIlI>§ 

COK.\ SALAD 

CORi\. 

Extra. Earl y Dwarf Sagar '^ 

Adam's Extra Early ^ 

Early Su'-i-ar or Sweet ;;5 

Stowell's Evergreen Sugar ■ • • ■ ^ 

Golden Beauty ^ l_ 

Champion White Pearl ' '^ 

Golden Dent Gourd Seed =^ 

Early Yellow Canada :£ 

Lai-ge White Flint . .* . . . 5 

Bluut'sProUac, Field. ^ 

Ini;)roved Learning , >-. 

Mosby's Pmlific . .^ ^ 

N. B.— Prices for larger quantities given on 
application. 

CHESS. 



Per 

SO 



Per 

SO 



Curled or Pepper Grass 

Broad-leaved (grey seeded) 



CUCU.TIBEK. 
Improved Early White Spine. 

Early Frame 

Long Green Turkey 

Early Cluster 

Gherkin, or Burr (for picklin^ 
Long Green White Spine 



EGGPLAiVT. 

Large Purple, or New Orleans Market. 
Early Dwarf Oval 



ENDIVE. 

Green Curled 

Es;tra Fine Curled 

Broadleaved, or Escarolie. 

KOHLRABI. 

Early White Vienna. ... . . 

LEE Si. 

Large London Flag 

Large Carentan 



LETTUCE. 

Early Cabbage or White Butter 

Imj^roved Royal Cabbage 

Brown Dutch 

Drumhead Cabbage 

White Paris Coss.' 

Peringnan 

Improved Large Passion 

IIELON, MUSK or CAiVTELOUPE. 

Netted Nutmeg 

Netted Citron ' 

Pine Api)le 

Early White Japan 

Persian or Cassaba 

New Orleans Market (true: 



mince. | 
15 ! 
20 I 
15 I 

qnar ^j 

25 i 

20 

20 

20 

15 

15 

15 

15 

15 

15 

15 ; 

15 



Per ounce. 

$0 10 . 
15 



Per i lb. 
$n 50 
G5 
50 

Per peck. 

SI 25 
1 00 
1 25 
1 25 
1 00 
1 00 
1 00 

75 

75 
1 00 
1 00 

75 



Per 4 lb. 

SO 3a 
60 



10 
10 
10 
10 
20 
15 



50 
30 



20 
20 
20 



25 



20 
30 



20 
20 
20 
15 
20 
20 
20 



10 
10 
10 
15 

15 
15 



25 

25 
30 
25 
75 
50 



2 00 
1 25 



65 
75 
75 



! Per lb. 
i S 1 50 
I 2 00 
1 50 

i Per bushel 
' $4 00 
3 00 



00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
50 
50 
00 
00 
50 



Pel lb. 

$1 00 
2 00 



80 

1 00 
80 

2 50 
1 25 



2 50 



65 


2 00 


00 


3 00 


60 


2 00 


75 


^ 2 50 


75 


2 50 


50 


1 50 


75 


2 50 


75 


2 50 


75 


2 50 


35 


1 00 


35 


1 00 


35 


1 00 


40 


1 25 


40 


1 25 


50 


1 59 



FOR THE SOUTHERN STATES. 



13i) 



. VARIETIES. 



iriELON, WATER. 



Mountfiin Sweet 

Mountiiin S])rout 

ImprovtHl Gi'>sey 

Ice Cream (White Seeded) 

Orange . . 

Dark Icinu 

Rattlesnake (true). 

Cuban Qutn^n 

Pride of Geor.i^ia 

Mam moth Iron-Clad 

Kolb Gem 

Florida's Favorite 

Oemler's Triumph 



MUSTARD. 

Lari^e Curled 

Chinese Lara^e Leaved . . . 
White or Yellow Seeded 

NASTURTJIUill. 

Tall 

Dwarf 



OKRA. 

Green Tall Growing 

Dwarf White 

White Velvet 

OTVfOIV. 

Large K'^d Wethersfleld 

White or Silver Skin 

Creole (sold out, new crop ready in July) 
ITALIAIV 0.\IOi\. 

New Queen , 



SHALLOTS. 
PARSLEY. 

Plain Leaved 

Double Curled 

Improved Garnishing 

PARSNIP. 

Hollow Crown, or Sugar 

PEAS. 

Extra Early, ( First and Best) . 

Cleveland's Alaska 

Tom Thumb. 

Early Washington 

Laxton's Alpha. ... 

Bishop's Dwarf Long Pod 

Chaminon of England 

Carter's Stratagem 

Carter's Telephone 

McLean 's Advancer 

McLean's Little Gem 

Laxton's Prolific Long Pod 

Eugenie ... 

Dwarf Blue Imperial 

Royal Dwarf Marrow 

Black-Eved Marrowfat 

Large White Marrowfat 

Dwarf Sugar 

Tall Sugar 

American Wonder 

Field or Cow Peas Market Price, 






PRICES 


Per ounce. 


Pel 


4 1b. 


Per lb. 


fO 10 


$0 25 


$0 80 


10 




25 


80 


10 




35 


1 00 


10 




35 


1 00 


15 


' 


50 


1 50 


15 




35 


1 25 


10 




35 


1 00 


10 




35 


1 00 


15 




50 


1 50 


10 




35 


1 00 


15 




40 


1 25 


15 




50 


1 50 


25 


1 


25 


4 00 


10 




25 


75 


10 




25 


75 


25 




15 


40 


20 




50 


2 00 


25 




75 


3 00 


10 




20 


CO 


10 




25 


75 


10 




35 


1 00 


20 




75 


2 50 


30 


1 


00 


3 50 


30 


1 


00 ' 


3 00 




Market Price. 




10 




25 


75 


10 




25 


80 


15 




35 


1 25 


10 




25 


75 


Per quart. 


Per 


pe k, 


Per bushel 


?0 25 


$1 


50 


$5 50 


30 


2 


01) 


7 00 


25 


1 


50 


5 50 


20 


1 


00 


4 50 


25 


2 


00 


7 00 


20 


1 


50 


5 00 


25 


1 


75 


6 00 


50 


2 


50 


10 00 


50 


2 


25 


00 


25 


1 


75 


() ()(» 


25 


1 


75 


00 


25 


1 


75 


(i 00 


25 


1 


75 


7 00 


20 


1 


50 


5 00 



20 
15 

20 
40 
40 
30 



1 00 

1 00 
IbO 

2 50 
2 50 
2 25 



3 50 
3 50 
3 50 
10 00 
10 00 
8 00 



140 



RICHARD FROTSCHER S ALMANAC AND GARDEN MANUAL 



VARIETIES. 



PEPPER. 



PRICES. 



Per onnce. 



Bell or Bull Nose l $0 30 



Sweet Spanish Monstrous. 

Lonor Keel Cayenne 

Red Cherry. ." 

Golden Dawn Mango 

Bird Eye .'. . . .. . 

Tabasco ". . . 

Chili 

Rubv King. ... 



40 
30 
40 
30 
50 
50 
50 
50 



Per J lb. 

$1 00 

1 25 

1 00 

1 25 

1 00 

1 50 

1 50 

1 50 

1 25 



Per lb. 

S3 00 
4 00 

3 00 

4 00 
3 00 



4 00 



POTATOES. 



Per bushel Per barrel. 



Eussets 

Burbank Seedling 

Peerless 

Early Eose 

Extra Earlv Vermont 



Early Beauty of Hebron 
White Elephant. 
Eural Blush. ... 



25 
50 
25 
50 
50 

Early Snowflake^^ I 150 

50 
50 
50 



POTATOES, SWEET. 

Spanish Yam 

Shanghai, or California Yam 
Prices vary according to market, 
given on application. 

PU.1IPKIJ\. 

Kentucky Field 



Large Cheese 

Cashaw Crook-Xeck (striped). 
Golden Yellow Mammoth 



$1 
1 
1 
1 
1 



$4 00 
00 
00 
00 
50 
50 
50 
50 
50 



Quotations 



RADISH. 

Early Lons Scarlet 

Early Scarlet Turnip 

Yellow Summer Turnip 

Early Scarlet Olive Shaped 

White Summer Turnip 

Scarlet Half Long French 

Scarlet Olive Shaued, or French Breakfast, 

Black Spanish (Winter) 

Chinese Eose (Winter) 

Chartier 



ROQIJETTE 

SAESIFY, American 

Sandwich Island (Mammoth 
SORREE, (Broad-leaved. . . . 
SPIIVACH. 



Extra Large-leaved Savoy 
Broad-leaved Flanders 



SqUASH. 

Early Bush, or Patty Pan 

Long Green, or Summer Crook-Neck. 

London Vegetable Marrow 

The Hubbard 

Boston Marrow 



Per quail. 

SO 25 
Per ounce. 
$0 U) 

10 

20 



10 
10 
10 
10 
10 
10 
10 
10 
15 
15 

15 

15 

30 

15 



Per jieek 

*1 50 
Per I lb. 

$0 20 
25 
65 



20 
20 
25 
20 
20 
20 
20 
25 
35 
35 

75 

50 

1 00 

50 



25 
25 
50 
50 
50 



Per bushel 

$5 00 

Per lb. 

$0 *60 

75 

2 00 



60 
60 
80 
60 
60 
60 
60 
80 
00 
00 



1 

1 

2 00 
1 50 
4 GO 
1 50 



50 
50 



75 
1 00 
1 50 
1 25 
1 50 



FOR THE SOUTHERN STATES. 



141 



VARIETIES. 



TOI?IATO. 

Extra EMiiy Dwarf Eed. 
Early Large yrnooth Ked 

Tilden . . . . 

Trophy, (selected), 

Larj^e Yellow , 

Acme 

Paragon 

Livingston's Perfection. . 

Livingston's Favorite 

Livingston's Beauty 



TURNIP. 

Early Red or Purple Top (strapleaved). 
Early White Flat Dutch (strapleaved) . 

Large White Globe 

White Sprinj 



Yellow Aberdeen 

Golden Ball . . 

Improved Purple To]) Euta Baga, 
Munich Early Purple To]) . . . . . 
Milan Extra Early Puriile Top 
Purple Top Globe 



SWEET A]\D MEDICIl^AE HERBS. 

iiuise 

Balm 

Basil 

Bene 

Borage 

Oarawav 

Dill....: 



Fennel 

Lavender 

Majoram. . . . 
Pot Marigold 

Eosemar> 

Rue . . . 



Sage ... . 

Summer Savory 

Thyme " . . 

Wormwood 

ORASS AWD FIELD SEEDS. 

Red Clover 

White Dutch Clover 

Alsike Clover 

Alfalfa or French Lucerne 

Lespedeza or Jai)an Clover 

Kentucky Blue Grass. (Extra Cleaned). .. 

Red Top Grass 

English Rye Grass 

Rescue Grass 

Johnson Grass. (Extra Cleaned) 

Tall Meadow Oat Grass 

Meadow Fescue Grass 

Orchard Grass 

Hungarian Grass 

German Millet.. 

Rye. . . 

Barley 

Red or Rust Proof Oats 

Sorghum 

Broom Corn 

Buckwhea.t 

Russian Sunflower .... .... .... 

Burr or California Clover (measured) per 

N. B.— Prices for lar.ger (luantities give 



il 



PRICES. 


Per ounce. 


Pel 


\\h. 


Per lb. 


$0 25 


$0 


irj 


$3 00 


20 




05 


2 00 


25 




75 


2 50 


40 


1 


25 


4 00 


30 


1 


00 


3 00 


25 




75 


2 50 


25 


1 


00 


3 00 


25 


1 


00 


3 00 


25 


1 


00 


3 00 


30 


1 


25 


4 00 


10 




20 


50 


10 




20 


50 


10 




20 


50 


10 




20 


50 


10 




20 


50 


10 




20 


00 


10 




20 


50 


10 




20 


60 


10 




20 


00 


10 




20 


50 


Per pack. 








$0 10 








10 








10 








10 




. 




10 








10 








10 








10 








10 








10 








10 








10 








10 








10 








10 








10 








10 








Per lb . 


Per 


h bu. 1 


Per bushel 


JO 15 






$6 50 


25 




1 


12 00 


20 






10 00 


20 






10 00 


30 


2 


50 


4 00 


15 




' 


1 25 


10 






1 25 


10 




! 


1 50 


25 




1 


3 00 


15 






2 50 


20 






2 50 


20 




■■ 


3 00 


20 




1 


2 00 




Market IVicf. 




10 






3 00 


10 






3 00 


K) 






2 50 


10 i 









quart, 15c. ; ])er l)ushel, S3 00. 
n on application. 



142 



KICHAED FEOTSCHER S ALMANAC AND GAEDEN MANUAL 



FESTIMONIALS. 



The foliowiDg extracts are taken from a few of the many complimentary letters 
received daring the ensuing year. This is to convince the public, wlio have had no 
dealings with my house yet, that ; 

FROTSCHER'S SEEDS ARE THE BEST FOR THE SOUTH, 

and have always given the utmost satisfaction. 

It is a gratification for me to receive letters from ray patrons, expressing their 
satisfaction, as it is my constant endeavor to please them. 



HouMA, La., September 22, 1887. I 
I have found your seed to be the best 
that I have ever used ; have distributed 
your Almanacs, and recommended your 
seed to all my friends and neighbors. 

Mrs. A. C. MINOR. 



Geand Cheniere, La., Aug. 12, 1887. 
Send me your catalogue ; I am anxious 
to introduce your seed here in this com- 
munity, as I have never known them 
to fail. J. A. DOXEY. 



Galveston, Tex., May 18, 1887. 

I vras much pleased with the seed I 

got from you last spring. All did very 

well. In the future I will make it my 

business to get all my seed from you. 

Mrs. S. E. WHITE. 

Aenaudville, La., Aug. 3, 1887. 
After trying seed from several seed 
houses, I have come to the conclusion 
that your seed are the best for this sec- 
tion. Many of my friends want me to 
order seed for them next s})ring. 

J. AVYATT TAYLOR, 

Lampasas, Tex., Aug. 18, 1887. 
The Mosby's Prolific Corn, that I got 
from you last sirring, did splendidly not- 
withstanding the severe drought that 
we have had. It was the admiration of 
the neighborhood, 

Mrs. W. H. WEBBER. 



Leland, Miss., Aug. 0, U'87. 

Having succeeded so well with the 

seed that Igot from you last s!)ring, I 

have concluded to send you my orders 

hereafter.. Mrs. P. J. STIRLING. 



St. Andrew's Bay, Fla., May 30, 1887. 

I herewith send you an order for seed. 

Your house has been recommended to 

me as being the most responaihle and 

reliable in the South. 

EDWARD SMITH. 

Amite City La., Aug. 30, 1887. 
It gives me much pleasure to mention 
some of the many satisfactory results 
attained from your seed, during the 
seasons of '86 and '87. ClevelcuuVa Alas- 
ka Peas. Improved Valent'uie Beans, and 
Frotscher's Best of Ail Beans, are most 
excellent and well suited for this climate 
and soil. The yield of the Car-olina or 
Seivee Beans was immense. I must 
state that my dealings with you have 
been most satisfactory. 

H. S. ADDISON. 



Metairie Ridge, La., Sept. 1, 1887. 

The seed I got from you last spring, 

did very well, I was much pleased with 

them. P. H. DeLIMON. 



Arcola, La., Dec. 15, 1887. 
I always get my seeds from you, and 
have found them to be the best ; I have 
recommended your house to others. 

Mrs. JNO. JANNEY. 



Orange Grove, Parish of Jefferson, La. 
Dec. 12, 1887. . 
The Seed that I got from you this 
season, have as usual given me entire 
satisfaction. Your Cucumber and Cab- 
bage Seeds especially, are very fine. 

A. W. ROUNTREE. 



CoRiNNE Plantation, La., Dec. 15,1887. 

The Superior Flat Dutch and Farhj 

Summer Cabbage seeds that you sold me. 



FOR THE SOUTHERN STATES. 



14$ 



'have made very fine cabbages with large 

and hard heads. They are si ire Jteader^. 

F. B. FLEITAS. 



EiLOxi, Miss., Aug. 22, 1887. 
Last spring I bought your seed from 
H. & C. ; they gave me great satisfaction. 
I expect to make out a large order for 
this coming season, when I will send 
direct to you, 

GAEL SCHULZE. 



Amelia P. O., La., June 13, 1887. 

The New Orleans Market Mask Melons, 

which I have grown from your seed, are 

delicious, and the largest that I have 

ever seen. 

Mrs. M. J. COLEMAN. 



"Welcome P. O., June 13, 1887. 
The WJiite Elephant Potatoes, which I 
got from you last spring, gave me great 
satisfaction. Hereafter when I need 
seed potatoes, I will use no others but 
what come from your house. 

W. P. COGNOLATTI. 

Liberty, Tex., June 7, 1887. 
I herewith send you an order for some 
more Crease Back Pole Beans. I have 
at present the finest lot of Beans (grown 
from your seed) that I ever saw, 

T. J. CHAMBEKS. 



New Iberia, La., June 9, 1887. 
I have succeeded very well Avith all 
the seed that I got from you. 

Mrs. ELLSE NESMITPI. 

Lafayette, La., May 15, 1887. 
I am about to go into gardening on a 
larger scale, and having tried your aeeds 
with others in former years, I have con- 
vinced myself, that Frotscher's seeds 
are the best. I want to use them and no 
others. 

LEON BILLEAUD, 



Alvin, Brazoria Co., Tex., June 28, 1887, 
The seeds that I got from you in the 
spring, gave full satisfaction ; they were 
all genuine and true to name. 

L. P. LeCLERC. 



Liberty, Miss., June 30, 1887. 

I have succeeded finely with your 

Creole Onion Seed and Sets, last fall. 

My neighbors all intend getting their 

seed from you this coming season. 

A. T. AVERY. 



TuNiSBURG, La., Dec. 15, 1887. 
Since I have been planting, nearly 
thirty years now, I always made cab- 
bage my main cro[), and never found 
anything superior to your Late Flat 
Dutch which I have been using since 
1870.— Would not plant any other as 
long as I can get Fi-otscher''s Superior 
Flat Butch. JOSEPH CASSABON. 



Sabine Station, La., Dec. 15, 1887. 

I have used your seeds for several 

years, and am well pleased with them. 

They always seem to i-ome up bettei 

than any I have ever seen tried. 

J. S. SPENCER. 



Frenier, La., Dec. 17, 1887. 
Notwithstanding that we were washed 
out, two months ago, we are under head- 
way again. From the seven pounds of 
Large Flat Brunswick Cabbage seed you 
sent me, I have enough to plant my 
fields with two hundred tJiousand, and 
some to spare for my neighbors. I 
hope to make as good a crop as I have 
made since the last fifteen years, during 
which time I have always used your 
seed. I tried all the leading kinds from 
different growers ; but have found none 
to give as much satisfaction to us as the 
Large Flat Brunswick. As it is the only 
crop that we raise for a livelihood, it is 
a very important matter lo have such 
seed which suits this soil and climate. 
I have never made a failure with your 
seed, and have shipped up to ^000 crates 
every year to Western markets. I hope 
that your seed will give as good results 
this coming spring, as heretofore. 

ADAM SCHLOESSER. 

A^ B.— Thi.s is the principal eabbage jj^rowing 
section of Louisiana. 



144- mcHAED frotscher's almanac and garden manual 



New Farm, near Pensacola, Fla., answer, that we have got our seeds from 

Dec. 17, 1887. you since '76, and advise all who want 

I have been using vour seeds for five ! good seed and reliable information 

years with much satisfaction, and ex- about the climates to deal with you, and 

pect to do so as long as I cultivate the | guarantee that if they will follow your 

soil ^'Frotscher's Garden ManuaV' is | instructions, they will soon become old 

indispensable to the gardener in this ' as well as new customers. Hopmgthat 

latitude, and tells bettei- than any other ^^^ ^i^^ attend to these explanations, 

what to plant, and how to do it, for the benefit of our many new-comers, 

eT V DA.NSBY ^^^ serve them as well as 

Market Gardener. Your humble servant, 

Mrs. Margaret Wetmore. 



Ponchatoula, La., Dec. 6, 1887. ^ .^ ..i u t ^-^^i^^^ t-\.^4- 

' ' ' In answer to the above, I think that 

RICHAED FROTSCHEE. ^y Almanac gives the desired informa- 

Dear Sir :— Have the goodness to ex- tion. Will try to answer the question 

plain in your next Almanac, why a seed i fully in my next issue of the Almanac 

merchant should know his climate in | as it is almost impossible to do so at 

order to understand intelligently the ; present; being too late— as all is in 

wants of his patrons. I am daily asked, i print with the exception of the last 

"who do you get your seeds from?" I . pages. 



A WORD ABOUT CABBAGE SEED. 



CABBA GE SEED has been a specialty with me since I started 
into the seed business, nearly 25 years ago. I have tried different strains 
of Flat Dutch, advertised as something extra by the leading seed growers ; 
but I have never found any to come up to Frotsclier's Superior Flat 
Dutch. Since fifteen years I have sold this variety, and by selecting tine, 
well shaped heads to raise seeds from, it is now as the name says — 
Superior. Of all the Cabbages brought to this market, three-fourths are 
raised from seed obtained from me. There is no better variety for fall 
crop. One of my customers, whose letter is published under the head 
of Testimonials, had sown Jifty-one pounds of my Flat Dutch, and also 
fifteen pounds of Improved Early Summer. 

He is selling now fine specimens of cabbage, and will have nearly a 
millionio send to the market. The largest crops raised about here for Spring 
are from the Improved Early Summer and Large Flat Brunswick, which 
are sold by me. These are facts, which I can substantiate, and no 
braggadocio. I have read about Great Cabbages for the South; if they 
exist, they have never made a mark here. I tried them more than once. 
My cabbage seed is not sold at fancy prices ; which can be seen by looking 
at the price-list. 



INDEX 



PAGE. 

Almanac 7 to 18 

Apricot PI mil 129 

Artichoke ,. 23 

Asparagus 23 

Barllett Pear . . , . 128 

IJfans, (Bash) 24 

Beans, (Pole) 24 

Beans, (Dwarf, Snaj) or Hnsh) 24 to 26 
Beans, (Pole or Running), ... 27 and 28 

Beans, English 28 

Beets 29 and 30 

Bird Seed. Extra Cleaned 131 

Borecole or Kale 30 

. Broccoli 30 and 31 

Brussels Sprouts 31 

Bulbous Boots 108 to 112 

Bouquet Papers 113 and 114 

Cabbage 31 to 35 

Cauliflower 35 and 3G 

Carrot 36 to 38 

Celery..... 38 and 39 

Celeste, or CeJestial Fig. . . -. . 130 

Chervil ..39 

Clapp's Favorite Pear. 128 

Collards. 39 

Corn Salad .... 40 

Corn, Indian 40 to 43 

Corn, Kaffir 126 and 127 

Corn aad Seed Planter 110 

Cress 43 

Cucumber 43 and 44 

Climbing Plants 107 and 108 

Directions for Planting. . , 85 to 91 

Duchess D'Angouleme Pear 128 

Eggplant 45 

Endive 45 and 4G 

Flower See.ls. :^ . . . . . 92 to 112 

Garden Implements 117 to 119 

Grape Vines 130 

Grass and Field Seeds 76 to 85 

Herb Seeds 76 

Hot Bed..... 20 

Howell Pear .128 

Japan Persimon 130 

Jerusalem Artichoke 126 

Kelsey's Japan Plum . . 129 

Kieffer's Hybrid Pear 128 

Kaffir Corn 126 and 127 

Kohlrabi 46 



PAGE. 

LeCoute Bear 128 

Leek 46 

Letter on "Alfalfu" 124 to 126 

LettH(;e. 47 

Maiiauna Flniii 129 

Matthews' Hand Cultivutor .115 and 116 

Melon, Mu.vk 48 and 49 

Melon, Water .49 to 52 

Mustard ...53 

Nasturtium 53 

New P^ai-h 129 

New York Seed Drill 115 

Novelties ^ 132 to 135 

Okra 53 and 54 

Onion 54 and 55 

Parslf^y 56 

Parsnip 56 

Peach Trees 129 

Peas 56 to 60 

Pecans, Louisiana Soft Shell 131 

Pepper <50 and 61 

Potatoes 61 to 65 

Pumpkin. . , 65 

Price-List, Planter-.' and Garden- 
er's....'. 136 to 141 

Price-Li.^t Garden Im[>leiJii;uts.l20 to 123 

Radish ... .66 and 67 

lieinarks on Raising Vegeuibles fur 

Shipping . . .', 5 and 

Roquette 67 

Salsify . . n> 67 

Seeds by Mail 4 

Shallots... : 5G 

Sorghum, some varieties 12:6' 

Sorrel 68 

Sowing Seeds. 21 

Spinach ., 67 and (aS 

Squash 68 and 60 

Sucker State Strawberry ... 130 and 131 

Teosinte 127 

Testimonials 142 t.o 144 , 

Tobacco Seed 76 | 

Tomato , 69 to 72 ' 

Turnip . ., 72 to 75 \ 

Table showing Quantity of seed re- * 

quired to the Acre 22 ( 

Vegetable Garden 19 ( 

Wild Goose Pluai 128 < 

Word on Cabbage Sieed 144 




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My Stock of Seeds is the largest in the South, to 
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reliable. Seed. 

Orders respectfully solicited. All communications 

will meet with prompt attention. '^^^^0^^^^^;^ 





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